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Relationship between Pain and Functional Status in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

Journal of Palliative Medicine , Vol. 0, No. 0.
Source: Journal of Palliative Medicine - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research

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The translocator protein (TSPO) is a commonly used imaging target to investigate neuroinflammation. Although TSPO imaging demonstrates great promise, its signal exhibits substantial interindividual variability, which needs to be accounted for to uncover group effects that are truly reflective of neuroimmune activation. Recent evidence suggests that relative metrics computed using pseudoreference approaches can minimize within-group variability and increase sensitivity to detect physiologically meaningful group differences. Here, we evaluated various ratio approaches for TSPO imaging and compared them with standard kinetic ...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Source Type: research
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative condition characterized by the loss of motor neurons at cortical, brainstem and spinal levels (Kiernan et al., 2011). ALS is widely considered as a pure motor degeneration; sensory impairment is not a recognised feature of ALS or regarded as secondary to motor impairment (Fincham and Van Allen, 1964; Feller et al., 1966; Schulte-Mattler et al., 1999). However, in addition to the 10 % patients describing frank paraesthesia and neuropathic pain, sensory impairments have been reported in up to 60 % patients, including abnormal vibration, cutaneous and heat thresholds.
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017 Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics Author(s): Giulia Murtas, Laura Caldinelli, Pamela Cappelletti, Silvia Sacchi, Loredano Pollegioni In the brain, the enzyme d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) catalyzes the oxidative deamination of d-serine, a main positive modulator of the N-methyl-d-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptors (NMDAR). Dysregulation in d-serine signaling is implicated in the NMDAR dysfunctions observed in various brain diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia. A strain of ddY mice lacki...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Proteins and Proteomics - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Riera-Punet N, Martinez-Gomis J, Paipa A, Povedano M, Peraire M Abstract AIMS: To determine the effect of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on aspects of masticatory function and to assess the relationship between ALS and the prevalence of traumatic mucosal lesions caused by oral self-injury. METHODS: A total of 153 ALS patients and 23 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics including site of onset, medication, type of feeding, and use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation were recorded. The Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) pro...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
This study cohort is a healthy subset of the EpiPath cohort, excluding all participants with acute or chronic diseases. With a mediation analysis we examined whether CMV titers may account for immunosenescence observed in ELA. In this study, we have shown that ELA is associated with higher levels of T cell senescence in healthy participants. Not only did we find a higher number of senescent cells (CD57+), these cells also expressed higher levels of CD57, a cell surface marker for senescence, and were more cytotoxic in ELA compared to controls. Control participants with high CMV titers showed a higher number of senes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Better speech and swallowing skills and higher speech usage are associated with better communicative participation in this sample. Thus, when making clinical decisions regarding intervention, clinicians should continue their efforts to target speech and swallow abilities, while recognizing other variables that have the potential of restricting communicative participation.
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2017 Source:PM&R, Volume 9, Issue 5, Supplement Author(s): Adam S. Tenforde, Jaye E. Hefner, Jodi E. Kodish-Wachs, Mary A. Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and ...
Source: PMandR - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
AbstractCdk5 kinase, a cyclin-dependent kinase family member, is a key regulator of cytoskeletal remodeling in the brain. Cdk5 is essential for brain development during embryogenesis. After birth, it is essential for numerous neuronal processes such as learning and memory formation, drug addiction, pain signaling, and long-term behavior changes, all of which rely on rapid alterations in the cytoskeleton. Cdk5 activity is deregulated in various brain disorders including Alzheimer ’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and ischemic stroke, resulting in profound remodeling of the neuronal ...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Regulatory T (Treg) cells are a special subpopulation of immunosuppressive T cells that are essential for sustaining immune homeostasis. They maintain self‐tolerance, inhibit autoimmunity, and act as critical negative regulators of inflammation in various pathological states including autoimmunity, injury, and degeneration of the nervous system. Treg cells are known to convey both beneficial and detrimental influences in certain disease contexts, and accumulating research suggests that their action may be altered in a range of peripheral and central nervous system pathologies. In this review, we discuss emerging evidence...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
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