The usefulness of sLORETA in evaluating the effect of high-dose ARA-C on brain connectivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: an exploratory study.

The usefulness of sLORETA in evaluating the effect of high-dose ARA-C on brain connectivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: an exploratory study. Funct Neurol. 2017 Oct/Dec;22(4):195-200 Authors: Zarabla A, Ungania S, Cacciatore A, Maialetti A, Petreri G, Mengarelli A, Spadea A, Marchesi F, Renzi D, Gumenyuk S, Strigari L, Maschio M Abstract Cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) is one of the key drugs for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). High intravenous doses may produce a number of central nervous system (CNS) toxicities and contribute to modifications in brain functional connectivity. sLORETA is a software used for localizing brain electrical activity and functional connectivity. The aim of this study was to apply sLORETA in the evaluation of possible effects of Ara-C on brain connectivity in patients with AML without CNS involvement. We studied eight patients with AML; four were administered standard doses of Ara-C while the other four received high doses. sLORETA was computed from computerized EEG data before treatment and after six months of treatment. Three regions of interest, corresponding to specific combinations of Brodmann areas, were defined. In the patients receiving high-dose Ara-C, a statistically significant reduction in functional connectivity was observed in the fronto-parietal network, which literature data suggest is involved in attentional processes. Our data highlight the possibility of using novel techniques to study potenti...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur results indicate that DS-1001b, which is currently in a phase I clinical trial for treating glioma with IDH1 mutations (NCT03030066), is BBB-permeable and effective against the PDX model of IDH1 mutant glioma through inhibition of IDH1 mutant proteins.Clinical trial identificationNCT03030066.Legal entity responsible for the studyDaiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.FundingDaiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.DisclosureH. Matsunaga: Full / Part-time employment: Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. Y. Machida: Research grant / Funding (institution): Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. M. Nakagawa: Research grant / Funding (institution): Daiichi Sankyo Co., L...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Maternal folic acid supplementation was found to have a protective effect against childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Thus, healthcare professionals are recommended to provide regular health education and health promotion to the community on the benefits of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. PMID: 31396374 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
Human cancer cells operate a variety of effective molecular and signalling mechanisms which allow them to escape host immune surveillance and thus progress the disease. We have recently reported that the immune receptor Tim-3 and its natural ligand galectin-9 are involved in the immune escape of human acute myeloid leukaemia cells. These cells use the neuronal receptor latrophilin 1 (LPHN1) and its ligand fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein 3 (FLRT3, and possibly other ligands) to trigger the pathway. We hypothesised that the Tim-3-galectin-9 pathway may be involved in the immune escape of cancer cells of differ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha factor (LITAF), also called p53-induced gene 7 (PIG7), was identified as a transcription factor that activates transcription of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Previous studies have identified LITAF as a potential tumor suppressor in several neoplasms, including prostate cancer, B-NHL, acute myeloid leukemia, and pancreatic cancer. However, the expression and function of LITAF in human glioma remain unexplained. The present study aimed to analyze the regulation of LITAF in gliomas. Data from The Cancer...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Joseph D. Romano1,2,3,4 and Nicholas P. Tatonetti1,2,3,4* 1Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 2Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 3Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 4Data Science Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States The discovery of new pharmaceutical drugs is one of the preeminent tasks—scientifically, economically, and socially—in biomedical research. Advances in informatics and computational biology have increased productivity at many stag...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Several TISC-based immunotherapeutic approaches are under development in various stages of preclinical studies. As outlined in this review article, a careful and more exhaustive genetic and metabolic understanding of TISC-associated phenotypes is critical to develop novel TISC based immunotherapies. Various components within the tumor microenvironment such as tumor cells, infiltrating immune cells, and supporting stromal cells impact the TISC metabolism. This unique metabolic profile leads to upregulation of certain enzymes and proteins such as ALDH1, CEP55, IDO COA1 etc., which can be utilized for development ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we showed hypermethylation of CpGs as a novel mechanism of action for DNMTi agents and identified 638 hypermethylated molecular targets (CpGs) common to decitabine and azacytidine therapy. These novel results suggest that hypermethylation of CpGs should be considered when predicting the DNMTi responses and side effects in cancer patients. Introduction DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) are widely used as chemical tools for hypomethylating the genome, with an aim to understand the role of DNA methylation in multiple processes (e.g., X-chromosome inactivation and DNA imprinting) and as an anti-ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated whether the combination of focused ultrasound (FUS) and microbubbles can improve adoptively NK-92MI cell infiltration into ovarian tumors through biodistribution, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry. The treatment effects of using this strategy twice a week were explored. The potential molecular mechanism of FUS assisting NK cell therapy was also initially explored through evaluating the expression of ICAM1 and CX3CL1 by qRT-PCR. Our results indicated that FUS and microbubbles can improve NK-92MI cells’ infiltration into tumors, and the combination of FUS and NK-92MI cells had a better ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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