Effects of 6-month treatment with the glucagon like peptide-1 analogue liraglutide on arterial stiffness, left ventricular myocardial deformation and oxidative stress in subjects with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes

Incretin-based therapies are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. We investigated the changes in arterial stiffness and left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation after 6-mon...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract T1R3 protein, the main subunit of the sweet taste receptor and receptor of amino acid taste, is expressed in the epithelium of the tongue and gastrointestinal tract, in β cells of the pancreas, hypothalamus, and numerous other organs. Recently, convincing evidences on the involvement of T1R3 in the control of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and the control of incretin and insulin production were obtained. In the study on Tas1r3-gene knockout mouse strain and parent C57BL/6J strain as a control, the data on the effect of T1R3 on morphological characteristics of Langerhans islets in the pancreas wer...
Source: Doklady Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Dokl Biol Sci Source Type: research
From the Incretin Concept and the Discovery of GLP-1 to Today's Diabetes Therapy Jens Juul Holst* Department of Biomedical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Researchers have been looking for insulin-stimulating factors for more than 100 years, and in the 1960ties it was definitively proven that the gastrointestinal tract releases important insulinotropic factors upon oral glucose intake, so-called incretin hormones. The first significant factor identified was the duodenal glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, GIP, wh...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery appears to be capable of partially reversing the obesity-related epigenome. The identification of potential epigenetic biomarkers predictive for the success of bariatric surgery may open new doors to personalized therapy for severe obesity. Introduction Obesity is currently a huge healthcare problem, worldwide, and is a risk factor for several diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease and cancer (1). As the prevalence of obesity reaches pandemic proportions, this metabolic disease is estimated to become the biggest cause of mortality in the near future (2). In fact,...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Bariatric surgery is currently the best treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in patients with obesity. Although different surgical techniques produce different results, better glycemic control is achieved with surgical procedures compared to clinical treatments [1 –3].
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease correlated with obesity. Obese patients has suppressed incretin effect and inbalance of glycemic homeostasis. Studies have shown improvement in DM2 after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The mechanisms of glycemic control may be long-term and short-term. The mechanisms of early action are linked to caloric restriction, improvement of insulin resistance, pancreatic beta cell function and return of the incretin effect through the increase of GLP1 and GIP, but data are conflicting.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsBased on these results, the pharmacology of LY3298176 translates from preclinical to clinical studies. LY3298176 has the potential to deliver clinically meaningful improvement in glycaemic control and body weight. The data warrant further clinical evaluation of LY3298176 for the treatment of T2DM and potentially obesity.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
To the Editor Inge et al have shown that bariatric surgery has a greater association than medical treatment alone in achieving an improvement of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its comorbidities in obese adolescents. The mechanism seems to go beyond the magnitude of weight loss alone and include an improvement in incretin profiles, insulin secretion, and insulin sensitivity.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have become a substantial burden on public health in the last century and advocate different strategies to mitigate them [1]. Proximal small bowel diversion bears prominent beneficial metabolic effects associated with augmentation of the incretin system and accelerated glucose handling in the distal part of the gut [2, 3]. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery exhibits these advantages [4 –6] and is an effective tool for weight reduction and glycemic control [7].
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundOne of the new current treatment options for Diabetes Mellitus is about increasing glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) activity. GLP-1 with its incretin effect showed major role in glucose homeostasis. Gastroileostomy can increase GLP-1 secretion by rapid delivery of undigested food to the terminal ileum. We studied the early effects of a gastroileostomy on serum levels of GLP-1, glucose, and insulin in rats.MethodsGastroileostomies with side-to-side anastomosis were performed on 15 male New Zealand rats. Blood samples were obtained before and 1  week after the gastroileostomy.ResultsOur results showed t...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionRYGB improves glucose tolerance and insulin resistance which may be related to BA metabolism and hormone levels, and the nutrient composition of the diet affects the treatment effect of RYGB on T2DM.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Heart | Incretin Therapy | Obesity | Victoza