What Are Cutaneous Lesions Associated with Occult Spinal Dysraphism?

Discussion Neural tube defects are a group of disorders that arise during embryogenesis. They include anenephaly, exencephaly, meningmyelocoeles and encephalocoeles and other malformations including occult spinal dysraphism. Occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) has incomplete fusion of the midline elements of the spine including the bony, neural, and mesenchymal tissues but the abnormalities are covered by skin (ectodermal tissues) and therefore are not obvious. OSD has a higher risk of tethered spinal cord syndrome or other neurological/neurosurgical problems. Normally the caudal end of the spinal cord, the conus medullaris, hangs freely within the spinal column but is stabilized by the filum terminale. As the spinal column grows faster than the spinal cord, there is relative ascension of the conus medullaris during embryogenesis, reaching the adult level from birth to 2 months of age. The adult level is L2 to L3 for 98% of the population. Tethering occurs when a thickened filum terminale or mass does not allow normal ascension and damage to the spinal cord can occur because of ischemia or the mechanical traction. Tethered cord can produce a number of symptoms including bowel or bladder problems, back or leg pain, numbness or tingling, changes in leg strength or gait, muscle spasms, leg deformities, scoliosis, etc. Developmental regression of milestones previously obtained also can occur in children as a sign of tethered cord syndrome. Treatment is by freeing the conus medullaris....
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Just went to a skills lab and they divided us into small groups. Before beginning each skills session, when asked what your primary specialty was, if the person teaching the skill was from an anesthesiology background, more times than not if you answered something other than anesthesia, the proctor would say something similar to "Well I guess you didn't get any training in this in residency". This included a session on suturing after procedures such as SCS or pumps. Not saying all those... Read more
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
Conclusion These data suggest that increased body weight in children is associated with changes in running mechanics. Higher joint moments and ground reaction forces may indicate increased injury risk or the development of joint degeneration among overweight/obese children. Although obesity has been linked to several differences in walking mechanics, few studies have examined movement mechanics of overweight and obese (OW/OB) children performing higher impact activities, such as running.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusions Higher cardiovascular endurance may mitigate the relationship between poorer subjective sleep quality and lower EC thickness. Future longitudinal studies should examine the interactive effects of sleep and fitness on brain health among older and more vulnerable populations.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusions In conclusion, using contemporary methods to assess muscle architecture and calculate EFFPCSA did not enhance the muscle strength–size association. For understanding/monitoring muscle size, the major determinant of strength, these findings support the assessment of muscle volume, which is independent of architecture measurements and was most highly correlated with strength.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Purpose Epidemiological studies suggest that sedentary behavior is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality independent of meeting physical activity guidelines. However, limited evidence of this relationship is available from prospective interventions. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the combined effect of aerobic training and increasing nonexercise physical activity on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors. Methods Obese adults (N = 45) were randomized to 6 months of aerobic training (AERO), aerobic training and increasing nonexercise physical activity (~3000 steps abo...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Conclusions Structured aerobic exercise at a dose of 20 KKW produced less weight loss than expected possibly due to behavioral adaptations leading to reduced 24EE in a metabolic chamber without any change in energy intake.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
Inflammatory pseudotumor is a term used to designate inflammation-rich tumefactive lesions. Following the exclusion of specific entities such as IgG4-related disease and other neoplastic entities previously included in this entity, the majority of hepatic pseudotumors show a prominent fibrohistiocytic inflammatory reaction and have been previously categorized as fibrohistiocytic variant of hepatic pseudotumor (FHVHPT). The goal of this study was to examine the clinical, radiologic, histologic, and etiologic aspects of this entity. After excluding neoplastic diseases, we identified 30 patients with FHVHPT from 3 institution...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We report the case of a 87-year-old woman admitted to our Emergency Department for mild abdominal pain associated with vomiting. An abdominal X-ray showed gas present in the portal venules of the left hepatic lobe, a finding associated with numerous surgical and medical conditions. The patient was successfully managed with conservative treatment. Isolated intrahepatic gas is a rare radiologic finding; emergency surgery should be performed only when there are signs of associated acute intestinal infarction.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
WHETHER it's general aches and pains, stomach problems or just feeling under the weather, ibuprofen is taken daily by millions of people worldwide. Ibuprofen also treats inflammation such as strains and sprains, and pain from arthritis. Most side effects are minimal or non-existent. However, research has found that spotting a serious sign when you go to the toilet should mean that you stop taking the painkiller.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
September 19, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced preliminary results from the Phase 1b CHRYSALIS-2 (NCT04077463) study evaluating RYBREVANT® (amivantamab-vmjw) in combination with lazertinib in the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) characterized by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or L858R mutations whose disease had progressed after treatment with osimertinib and platinum chemotherapy.[i] While previously reported results have demonstrated durable responses with RYBREVANT® in combination with ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
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