Paravertebral calcification as a potential indicator for nonaccidental trauma - Kojima K, Nimtz J, Martin SW, Guertin SR, Cavenagh EC.

We report a case of nonaccidental trauma (NAT) involving a 23-month-old boy who presented with seizures, acute subarachnoid hemorrhage, and acute subdural hemorrhage. Ophthalmologic examination showed bilateral intraretinal hemorrhages. Further evaluation ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

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ConclusionsPlatelet transfusion, anticoagulation, and hypertension have significant associations with expansion in non-surgical cases of SDH. Monitoring these factors may assist triaging these patients.
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
We report a case of successful embolization of a ruptured aneurysm through a transdural anastomotic artery. The aneurysm formed at the developed collateral vessel from the meningeal branch of the occipital artery (OA) to the posterior pericallosal artery. A 59-year-old man presented with acute-onset headache, and computed tomography revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage at the splenium of the corpus callosum with intraventricular hemorrhage. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a ruptured aneurysm located at a transdural anastomotic artery from the right OA to the posterior pericallosal arte...
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
Authors: He T, Zuo Y, Ai-Zakwani K, Luo J, Zhu H, Yan XX, Liu F Abstract The transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 (TDP-43) may be involved in neurodegenerative disease and in the response to brain injury; however, alterations in the expression of TDP-43 following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) require further investigation. The present study reported a notable elevation in the expression of TDP-43 within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with aneurysmal SAH and increased brain expression of TDP-43 in a rat model of SAH. The TDP-43 protein and a derivative migrated at 43 and 24 kDa, respectively, as...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, an untreated AVM with associated cyst formation is extremely rare, and the mechanism of formation is unclear. We propose a probable pathogenesis. Preoperative diagnosis, intraoperative management, and postoperative follow-up are equally crucial in dealing with this extremely rare condition. Cystic tumors associated with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are uncommon and a re usually a complication of stereotactic radiosurgery (Ilyas et al. in J Neurosurg., 2017) or form after a hemorrhage (Daniels et al. in Radiology 133:393 –394, 1979). Untreated AVMs with lar...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study suggested that overexpression of p38 induced the accumulation of mitochondrial dysfunction partly due to abnormal activation of autophagy, which largely relied on DJ-1 mitochondrial translocation.
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionNMES had no effect on quadriceps muscle wasting in a patient with ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms who had decreased CMAP amplitude in the peroneal nerve during the acute phase. NMES is not effective for patients with peripheral nerve conduction abnormalities.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Davide Diacinti, Gaia Cartocci, Claudio ColonneseAbstractCerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare condition, difficult to diagnose because of its non specific clinical symptoms. In some cases CVT can mimic other conditions as subarachnoid hemorrhage, ischemia or tumor and for these reasons diagnosis is delayed or missed.CT, DSA and MRI findings help to obtain an early diagnosis and to distinguish it from other diseases. Our cases involved four patients with no signs or symptoms suspected for CVT and without risk factors...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion A rare case of multiple ruptured aneurysms on the subarcuate artery was reported in a patient with a Borden type I dAVF at the transverse-sigmoid sinuses manifesting as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Onyx embolization of the parent artery occlusion was feasible and useful in treating this type of feeding artery aneurysm of the AICA with a dAVF. PMID: 30227805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
We present the case of a 32 years old female patient with multiple trauma due to traffic accident. The patient was hospitalized with the diagnosis of brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and fractured femur. After 11 days of mechanical ventilation and intubation via endotracheal route, the patient was diagnosed with a large (7x3 cm) tracheo-oesophageal fistula with dilaceration of the membranous wall of the trachea. A cervical and right thoracic approach was performed to repair the tracheo-oesophageal fistula. The reconstruction of the membranous wall of the trachea was performed by using heterologous bovine pericardium ...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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