pH-responsive mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolites/chitosan core-shell nanodisks loaded with doxorubicin against osteosarcoma

Publication date: 1 April 2018 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 85 Author(s): Fan Yang, Xi Wen, Qin-Fei Ke, Xue-Tao Xie, Ya-Ping Guo Oral or intravenous chemotherapy is an important strategy to treat metastatic cancer, but it may cause systemic toxicity for healthy tissue. Herein, we for the first time fabricated mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolites/chitosan core-shell nanodisks loaded with doxorubicin (ZSM-5/CS/DOX) as drug delivery systems against osteosarcoma. The mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolites exhibited disk-like shapes with thicknesses of 100nm and diameters of 300nm, and the mesopores with pore sizes of 3.75nm were originated from desilication treatment. The pH-responsive ZSM-5/CS/DOX nanodisks possessed a great drug loading efficiency of 97.7%, and their controlled release trends of DOX were fitted well with the Korsmeyer-Peppas model. The DOX could be efficiently released the ZSM-5/CS/DOX nanodisks after cellular endocytosis and induced cancer cells apoptosis. Moreover, the pH-responsive drug carriers led to efficient tumor inhibition with low side effects, especially cardiac toxicity, as confirmed by pharmacokinetic study, serological examination and H&E staining assays. Therefore, the ZSM-5/CS/DOX nanodisks are a promising pH-responsive drug carrier for targeted cancer therapy. Graphical abstract
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe combination of ALRN-6924 and palbociclib at pharmacologically relevant doses is feasible and generally well tolerated.Clinical trial identificationNCT02909972.Legal entity responsible for the studyAileron Therapeutics, Inc.FundingAileron Therapeutics, Inc.DisclosureF. Meric-Bernstam: Honoraria (self): Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma; Dialectica; Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech; Advisory / Consultancy: Inflection Biosciences; Advisory / Consultancy: Pieris; Advisory / Consultancy: Darwin Health; Advisory / Consultancy: Samsung bioepis; Advisory / Consultancy: Aduro; Advisory / Consultancy: Spectrum; Advisory / Co...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, lncRNA OIP5-AS1 acted as a ceRNA to drive proliferation, migration and invasion of HemECs through regulating miR-195-5p/NOB1 axis. Introduction Infant hemangioma (IH) is a benign neoplasm commonly seen in childhood, which is more common in premature infants and infants with low birth weight (Smith et al., 2017). There are three distinct clinical histological stages in IH: the early proliferative stage, when undeveloped blood vessels are rapidly growing; plateau stage and final regressive stage, with scattered capillaries and large drainage vessels (Csoma et al., 2017). IH is characterize...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Gui-Jiang Wei1,2, Ming-Qing Yuan1, Li-He Jiang1, Yu-Lan Lu3, Chun-Hong Liu3, Hong-Cheng Luo3, Hua-Tuo Huang3, Zong-Quan Qi1* and Ye-Sheng Wei1,2* 1Department of Cell Biology, Medical College of Guangxi University, Nanning, China 2Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin, China 3Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, China miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs modulating gene expression, and variants in miRNA genes are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the effect of mi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
eok Ahn Capsazepine is a synthetic analogue of capsaicin that can function as an antagonist of TRPV1. Capsazepine can exhibit diverse effects on cancer (prostate cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, oral cancer, and osteosarcoma) growth and survival, and can be therapeutically used against other major disorders such as colitis, pancreatitis, malaria, and epilepsy. Capsazepine has been reported to exhibit pleiotropic anti-cancer effects against numerous tumor cell lines. Capsazepine can modulate Janus activated kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of the transcription (STAT) pathway, intracellular Ca2+ conc...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We report two cases of metastatic lesions in the mandible: (1) A 19year old male with right mandibular swelling and a nodular swelling in the distal two-third of the right tibia. Radiograghs revealed sclerotic lesion with a sunburst appearance in both the jaw and tibia. Histology of the jaw lesion confirmed a metastatic osteosarcoma of the mandible. (2) A 51year old female with a right mandibular swelling with associated swelling in the anterior neck, right shoulder and right parietal region of the skull. Computerised tomography scan (CT) of the jaws showed an osteolytic lesion of the right mandible. CT scan of the brain a...
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ghana Med J Source Type: research
More News: Bone Cancers | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Therapy | Chemotherapy | Materials Science | Nanotechnology | Oral Cancer | Osteosarcoma | Science | Study | Toxicology