Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: Hope or Hype?

The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is on the rise in the technology sector and has become a buzz-worthy topic in many corners of our digital world. The application of AI in the medical field holds great promise for improving patient health, but will doctors and patients feel comfortable using it? Young startups have begun leveraging this technology to prove better health outcomes, but there's still a lot to do before we'll see AI used pervasively in the clinic. Current Landscape To date, the sweet spot in healthcare AI has been pairing algorithms with structured exercises in reading patient data and medical images to train machines to detect abnormalities. This training is called “deep learning.” In the same way, algorithms are being used to sift through vast amounts of medical literature to inform treatment decisions where it would be too onerous a task to have a human read through the same journals. Companies like MedyMatch and Viz are doing just that. They’re using proprietary algorithms and applying deep learning to aid physicians in making faster diagnoses of strokes in emergency treatment situations. Their algorithms produce an output by ingesting patient CT scans and using the programmed deep learning to aid in the diagnosis of a stroke. Advancement in this particular instance is especially significant because receiving appropriate treatment quickly has a big impact on patient outcomes. Learn more about the hype vs. the reality of artificial int...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Software Source Type: news

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Conclusions concludes this work along with future work. Dataset and Data Preprocessing In the work, we mainly focus on multiple chronic disease classification. It can be formulated into a multi-label classification problem. There are three common chronic diseases are selected from the physical examination records: hypertension (H), diabetes (D), and fatty liver (FL). In the experiments, the physical examination datasets are collected from a local medical center, which contain 110,300 physical examination records from about 80,000 anonymous patients (Li et al., 2017a,b). Sixty-two feature items are selected from over 100...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion Recent advances in research on HTLV-1 provide better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and mechanisms of HAM/TSP, and several clinical trials of novel therapies for patients with HAM/TSP have been initiated. However, long-term improvement of motor disability and quality of life still have not been achieved in HAM/TSP patients, and the clinical management remains challenging. Given that HAM/TSP is characterized by activated T-cells in both the periphery and CNS, studies in HAM/TSP will be highly informative for clarifying the pathogenesis of other neuroinflammatory disorders such as multiple sclerosis....
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, sleep, and social activity appear to be associated with cognitive function among older people. Physical activity and appropriate durations of sleep and conversation are important for cognitive function. Introduction Dementia is a major public health issue worldwide, with a serious burden for patients, caregivers, and society, as well as substantial economic impacts (1). Although the prevalence of late-life cognitive impairment and dementia are expected to increase in future, effective disease-modifying treatments are currently unavailable. Therefore, unders...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study suggests that a clinically efficacious cardiovascular Chinese herbal medicine (DLP) can be successfully repurposed to treat a lung disease in pulmonary fibrosis guided by TCM theory. Our comparative study between DLP and DHP demonstrated a critical requirement of suppressing both pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic pathways for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis, supporting that a multi-component prescription capable of “removing both phlegm and blood stasis” will better achieve co-protection of heart and lung in PHD. Introduction Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic an...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions World population is aging and the increase in life expectancy is often unhealthy. In particular, musculoskeletal aging, which leads to sarcopenia and osteoporosis, has several causes such as changes in body composition, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and more frequently, sarcopenic obesity are commonly associated with aging and frequently closely linked each other, often leading to the development of a frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome favors an increased risk of loss function in daily activities, for cardiovascular diseases, cancers, falls, and mortality. As the number of eld...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Gui-Jiang Wei1,2, Ming-Qing Yuan1, Li-He Jiang1, Yu-Lan Lu3, Chun-Hong Liu3, Hong-Cheng Luo3, Hua-Tuo Huang3, Zong-Quan Qi1* and Ye-Sheng Wei1,2* 1Department of Cell Biology, Medical College of Guangxi University, Nanning, China 2Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin, China 3Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, China miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs modulating gene expression, and variants in miRNA genes are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the effect of mi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study included a wide variety of activities. We can discover an activity that we enjoy, and do it regularly. We can also work activity into our regular day. I saw a sign hanging on a door recently, a brightly colored advertisement: “Free Exercise Equipment Inside! Open This Door for Your Free Workout Machine!” The door led to the stairwell. And that’s the idea. Every little bit counts, so if you are blessed with the ability and the good health to move your body, do it! Park farther away from the entrance of stores and walk extra. Grab a basket, not a cart, and work your biceps while you shop. While w...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diet and Weight Loss Exercise and Fitness Prevention Source Type: blogs
Cheng Luo1†, Xiqing Bian1†, Qian Zhang2, Zhenyan Xia1, Bowen Liu1, Qi Chen1, Chienchih Ke3,4, Jian-Lin Wu1* and Yonghua Zhao5* 1State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Faculty of Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China 2Department of Biotherapy, Shenzhen Luohu People’s Hospital, Shenzhen, China 3Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 4Biomedical Imaging Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan 5State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Andrea Bonetto Despite recent progress, chemotherapy remains the preferred treatment for cancer. We have shown a link between anticancer drugs and the development of cachexia, i.e., body wasting accompanied by muscle loss. The multi-kinase inhibitors (MKIs) regorafenib and sorafenib, used as second-line treatment for solid tumors, are frequently accompanied by several side effects, including loss of muscle mass and strength. In the present study we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms associated with the occurrence of muscle toxicities in in vivo conditions. Hence, we treated 8-week old healthy CD2F1 male mic...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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