Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: Hope or Hype?

The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is on the rise in the technology sector and has become a buzz-worthy topic in many corners of our digital world. The application of AI in the medical field holds great promise for improving patient health, but will doctors and patients feel comfortable using it? Young startups have begun leveraging this technology to prove better health outcomes, but there's still a lot to do before we'll see AI used pervasively in the clinic. Current Landscape To date, the sweet spot in healthcare AI has been pairing algorithms with structured exercises in reading patient data and medical images to train machines to detect abnormalities. This training is called “deep learning.” In the same way, algorithms are being used to sift through vast amounts of medical literature to inform treatment decisions where it would be too onerous a task to have a human read through the same journals. Companies like MedyMatch and Viz are doing just that. They’re using proprietary algorithms and applying deep learning to aid physicians in making faster diagnoses of strokes in emergency treatment situations. Their algorithms produce an output by ingesting patient CT scans and using the programmed deep learning to aid in the diagnosis of a stroke. Advancement in this particular instance is especially significant because receiving appropriate treatment quickly has a big impact on patient outcomes. Learn more about the hype vs. the reality of artificial int...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Software Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 17 July 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Peter M Rothwell, Nancy R Cook, J Michael Gaziano, Jacqueline F Price, Jill F F Belch, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Takeshi Morimoto, Ziyah MehtaSummaryBackgroundA one-dose-fits-all approach to use of aspirin has yielded only modest benefits in long-term prevention of cardiovascular events, possibly due to underdosing in patients of large body size and excess dosing in patients of small body size, which might also affect other outcomes.MethodsUsing individual patient data, we analysed the modifying effects of bodyweight (10 kg bands) and height (10 cm ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We presently forget 98% of everything we experience. That will go away in favor of perfect, controllable, configurable memory. Skills and knowledge will become commodities that can be purchased and installed. We will be able to feel exactly as we wish to feel at any given time. How we perceive the world will be mutable and subject to choice. How we think, the very fundamental basis of the mind, will also be mutable and subject to choice. We will merge with our machines, as Kurzweil puts it. The boundary between mind and computing device, between the individual and his or her tools, will blur. Over the course of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundChemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy is a critical complication of treatment for cancer. The emotional stress of a cancer diagnosis, ongoing chemotherapy, abnormal cancer-related wasting syndrome may contribute to cardiac morbidity in these patients. The burden of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM) in cancer patients is unknown. The incidence of TCM and related outcomes in cancer patients was investigated in this study.MethodsThe 2007 –2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was analyzed for patients with a prior and new diagnosis of TCM with and without malignancy. Risk factors for mortality were adjusted ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study examines whether the association of care coordination with global ratings of one’s personal doctor varies by number of chronic conditions and self-rated health. Study Design: We used nationally representative Medicare Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) survey data to evaluate care coordination, doctor communication, getting needed care, getting care quickly, count of 6 chronic conditions (angina, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, heart attack, stroke), self-rated general health (5-point scale, poor to excellent, scored linearly), and interactions among...
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
Conclusions: Screening for carotid artery stenosis, prediabetes, and thyroid cancer in an asymptomatic population can result in unnecessary, harmful, and costly care. Systemic challenges to lowering overscreening include lack of clinician awareness, examination of conflicts of interests, perverse financial incentives, and communication with the general public. PMID: 29988604 [PubMed]
Source: Public Health Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research
In conclusion, enhanced BRCA1 after cerebral I/R injury may attenuate or prevent neural damage from I/R via NRF2-mediated antioxidant pathway. The finding may provide a potential therapeutic target against ischemic stroke.
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2017Source: Nitric OxideAuthor(s): Meric A. Altinoz, ─░lhan ElmaciAbstractGlioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a devastating brain cancer with no curative treatment. Targeting Nitric Oxide (NO) and glutamatergic pathways may help as adjunctive treatments in GBM. NO at low doses promotes tumorigenesis, while at higher levels (above 300 nM) triggers apoptosis. Gliomas actively secrete high amounts of glutamate which activates EGR signaling and mediates degradation of peritumoral tissues via excitotoxic injury. Memantine inhibits NMDA-subtype of glutamate receptors (NMDARs) and i...
Source: Nitric Oxide - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 97Author(s): S. Djurdjevic, Z. Sponsiello-Wang, P.N. Lee, J.S. Fry, R. Weitkunat, F. Lüdicke, G. BakerAbstractReduced Risk Products (RRPs) do not burn tobacco and produce lower levels of toxicants than in cigarette smoke. The long-term effects of using RRPs on health are difficult to assess in a pre-market setting and a modeling approach is required to quantify harm reduction. The Population Health Impact Model (Weitkunat et al., 2015) follows a hypothetical population of individuals over time, creating their tobacco use histories and,...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The incidence of death without stroke was 9-fold higher than that of stroke, leading to biased estimates of stroke risk with traditional time-to-event methods. Statistical methods that appropriately account for competing risks should be used to mitigate this bias.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnalyzing social media top shared news could contribute to identification of leading fake medical information miseducating the society. It might also encourage authorities to take actions such as put warnings on biased domains or scientifically evaluate those generating fake health news.
Source: Health Policy and Technology - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Computers | Conferences | CT Scan | Emergency Medicine | HIPAA | Learning | Lung Transplant | Partnerships | PET Scan | Radiology | Stroke | Training | Universities & Medical Training