Isotretinoin-associated Pancreatitis: A Systemic Review Isotretinoin-associated Pancreatitis: A Systemic Review
Pancreatitis due to elevated triglycerides can be a serious complication of isotretinoin therapy. Which patients require monitoring?The British Journal of Dermatology
ConclusionA CT Severity Index ≥3 in children with acute pancreatitis who require CT assessment based on clinical criteria is associated with the need for admission to the Pediatric Special Care Unit. We found that pancreatic necrosis greater than 30% is the only tomographic parameter related to severe acute pancreatitis. New s tudies with a greater sample size are necessary to confirm this result.
Conclusions This review confirms that TCZ is safe and effective in refractory cases of TA and TCZ is a corticosteroid-sparing therapy in patients with or without previous TNFα blockers therapy. However relapses after TCZ discontinuation are frequent.
This study systematically explores the prevalence of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) after acute pancreatitis in different subgroups of etiology (biliary/alcoholic/other), disease severity and follow-up time ( 36 months after index admission).
AbstractIn 1995, Yoshida and colleagues proposed the concept of “autoimmune pancreatitis” (AIP), which has recently been recognized as a new pancreatic inflammatory disease. Recent studies have suggested the existence of two subtypes of AIP: type 1, which involves immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) and is the pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD); and type 2, which is characterized by granulocytic epithelial lesions. Type 2 AIP is thought to be rare in Japan. Type 1 AIP is characterized by increased serum IgG4 concentrations, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrations, storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phleb...
Conclusion and ImplicationsThese data provide in vitro and in vivo mechanistic evidence that diosgenin analog, Dydio could be potential treatment for AP. This study suggests that further medicinal optimization of diosgenin and its analog might serve as a useful strategy for identifying lead candidates for inflammatory diseases.
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common gastrointestinal disease of varied etiology; however, the most common causes of AP are gallstones and alcohol abuse. AP has emerged as the most frequent complication after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Post-ERCP pancreatitis is generally a clinically irrelevant condition; however, it can be severe or even fatal in up to 0.8% of cases. Different clinical courses and outcomes have been observed between mild and severe AP of different etiologies (i.e., non-ERCP AP and post-ERCP AP), which opens the discussion as to whether they are the same or distinct clinical entities.
ConclusionsFCSEMS placement appears to be safe and effective for the treatment of benign refractory pancreatic ductal strictures as it can provide persistent improvement in the stricture in the long‐term follow‐up.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Authors: Wang F, Meng Z, Li S, Zhang Y, Wu H Abstract Purpose: The change of serum platelet indices such as platelet distribution width (PDW) has been reported in a series of inflammatory reaction and clinical diseases. However, the relationship between PDW and the incidence of persistent organ failure (POF) in acute pancreatitis (AP) has not been elucidated so far. Materials and Methods: A total of 135 patients with AP admitted within 72 hours from symptom onset of AP at our center between December 2014 and January 2016 were included in this retrospective study. Demographic parameters on admission, organ failu...
(MedPage Today) -- Challenges traditional NPO dogma
Epithelial pancreatic acinar cells perform crucial functions in food digestion, and acinar cell homeostasis required for secretion of digestive enzymes relies on SNARE-mediated exocytosis. The ubiquitously expressed Sec1/Munc18 protein mammalian uncoordinated-18c (Munc18c) regulates membrane fusion by activating syntaxin-4 (STX-4) to bind cognate SNARE proteins to form a SNARE complex that mediates exocytosis in many cell types. However, in the acinar cell, Munc18c's functions in exocytosis and homeostasis remain inconclusive. Here, we found that pancreatic acini from Munc18c-depleted mice (Munc18c+/−) and human panc...