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Book Review: The Diagnostic System

While it’s true that many illnesses are foreign to the average person, many of the core symptoms of mental illness are familiar to virtually everyone. “Not only does the public have a reasonable sense about what the symptoms of mental illness feel like, it also has some intuitive grasp about what causes them,” writes Jason Schnittker. In his new book, The Diagnostic System: Why The Classification Of Psychiatric Disorders Is Necessary, Difficult, And Never Settled, Schnittker explores the evolution of the manual we use to understand mental illness – the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Schnittker explores the often confusing and seemingly contradictory processes of defining criteria of mental illnesses, helping readers appreciate that a fluid approach is an adaptive strength of mental health professionals, and one that is necessary to boost our understanding of mental illness. To understand how we develop a framework for understanding mental illness, we must appreciate that the way clinicians, scientists, and the public think about mental illness seek to serve different needs, yet cannot be segregated. “The science of psychiatric disorders, for example, proceeds from how clinicians define disorders. And controversies surrounding how the public understand mental illness have corollaries in debates surrounding how scientists conceptualize mental illness,” writes Schnittker. Yet clinicians themselves rarely agree on diagnoses. Schnittker poin...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Book Reviews Disorders Dual Diagnosis General Medications Policy and Advocacy Professional Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Treatment diagnosis system diagnostic system mental diagnosis Mental Disorders Psychiatric Disorde Source Type: news

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Conclusion Since Moore’s initial efforts and discovery of five highly correlated syndromes, there have been different assessments created to evaluate symptom profiles, target populations, and drug efficacy. All of the scales discussed here strive to appropriately assess an individual’s symptoms and functioning. The advancements in assessments made by the discussed scientists, doctors, clinicians, and researchers discussed above paved the way for the future of understanding symptoms, treatment, and the overall state of knowledge for psychosis. Lorr contributed by stressing the importance of interrater reliabilit...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Review Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) Inpatient Multidimensional Psychiatric Scale (IMPS) Multidimensional Scale for Rating Psychiatric Patients (MSRPP) Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) psychometrics psychosi Source Type: research
Most people understand that the role of psychiatric medications is to help alleviate the symptoms associated with different types of mental disorders, such as depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia, anxiety, and more. Psychiatric medications are an important part of a comprehensive treatment plan for effectively treating people who have a mental health concern or mental illness. It’s good to know what drugs are being most-often prescribed for mental disorders in the U.S. These are the top 25 psychiatric medications by number of U.S. prescriptions dispensed in 2016, according to QuintilesIMS, a global infor...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Medications Psychiatry Treatment medications for mental illness Psychiatric Drugs Psychiatric Medications psychiatric meds top psychiatric medications Source Type: blogs
“On a scale of 1-10, how do you feel?” It’s a question that most psychiatrists ask when assessing mood and medication maintenance. The scale is used to monitor feelings of anxiety, depression and other mental health issues. A patient’s response is the main test used for treatment. But if 1 means that a person feels ecstatic, and 10 means they are suicidal, what is a 6 or a 3? What happens if a patient feels like something is wrong, but nothing has happened? Or if they can’t stop crying since their dog died last week? How much of an impact do average issues have? Are they really feeling an 8 or...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Depression Psychotherapy Treatment Mood Disorder Psychiatric Treatment Psychology Worry Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: BA is a simple, affordable and effective treatment for MDD. Data is insufficient to provide proof for the interest of using commitment to life-goals as reinforcement contingencies. Behavioral inhibition is encountered amongst several psychiatric disorders and more studies should be conducted to discuss its use for other diseases such as schizophrenia or anxiety disorders. PMID: 28431689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
If you can change the way you think, you can change your brain.  That’s the conclusion of a new study, which finds that challenging unhealthy thought patterns with the help of a therapist can lead to measurable changes in brain activity. In the study, psychiatrists at King’s College London show that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy strengthens certain healthy brain connections in patients with psychosis. This heightened connectivity was associated with long-term reductions in psychotic symptoms and recovery eight years later, according to the findings, which were published online Tuesday in the journ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This article concludes that the art brut therapy was effective for the inmates with schizophrenia in mainland China and provides encouraging data on how to enhance mental health for inmates with schizophrenia. KEY PRACTITIONER MESSAGE: Art brut therapy can reduce emotional distress and negative psychiatric symptoms among Chinese inmates. Arts brut therapy can enhance Chinese inmates' compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medicines, and regular sleeping patterns. Arts brut therapy in conjunction with medication is highly recommended for recovery of Chinese inmates with schizophrenia, especiall...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
Pharmacopsychiatry 2016; 49: 217-218 DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-117913The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADH...
Source: Pharmacopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Susan Schneider Williams, Robin Williams’ widow, wrote a devastating account of her husband’s final year of life before he died by suicide in 2014. An autopsy revealed that Robin Williams had Lewy body disease, an umbrella term used to describe both Parkinson’s disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. In a letter this week addressed to neurologists, Susan described the “terrorist” who lived inside her husband’s brain and caused him to forget his movie lines, plagued him with delusions and paranoia, and engulfed him in fear, anxiety and depression. Her account of his medi...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
It has been quite a week for mental health -- from the Emmys to the UN General Assembly to the release of Bruce Springsteen's autobiography, Born to Run. Important mental health issues and milestones abound, and the lyrics of Springsteen's signature song "Born to Run" (also the title of his book) are prescient and poetic headings for our musings this week. 1. Everybody's out on the run tonight, but there's no place left to hide: You would have to be Sleeping Beauty or Rip Van Wrinkle not to know we have a global crisis of 21 million-plus refugees around the world. And part and parcel with this global refugee cri...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
When a person gets depressed over their divorce, they are said to have a mental illness. When a person becomes psychotic from a manic episode due to their bipolar disorder, they are also said to have a mental illness. But are both of these illnesses mental illnesses? The definition of mental is that which relates to cerebral, brain, cognitive or intellectual processes. Many disorders occur from problems in the anatomy or function of the brain: epilepsy, tumors, agenesis of a brain area, strokes, Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, Alzheimer’s and Tourette’s disorder, to mention a...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Conditions Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
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