Deep brain stimulation for obsessive-compulsive disorder: Knowledge and concerns among psychiatrists, psychotherapists and patients.

Conclusion: There are challenges for DBS in OCD as identified by the participants of this study; source and quality of information, efficacy, potential adverse effects, and eligibility. In all of which the current evidence base still is limited. A broad research agenda is needed for studies going forward. PMID: 29285414 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Or Brandes, Avital Stern, Guy DoronAbstractRelationship Obsessive–compulsive disorder (ROCD) is a dimension of Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) focusing on close and intimate relationships. ROCD may focus on the relationship itself (i.e., relationship-centered) or the perceived flaws of the relationship partner (i.e., partner-focused). Partner-focused obsessions have been shown to center on domains such as intelligence, appearance, sociality, emotional regulation, competence and morality....
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data are in accordance with previous findings outlining that N + insomniacs have higher PSQI scores than N-. Our results do not confirm the suggested association between napping and depressive or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Conversely, we found a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0014) in EAT scores in N + and N-. Hyperarousal and REM sleep instability in insomniac patients may create an unbalance of the neuroendocrine hypothalamic regulation leading to an appetite alteration. PMID: 31790624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we computationally evaluated group-level dosage for dTMS to characterize the targeted deep brain regions to overcome the limitations of using individualized head models to characterize coil performance in a population. We used an inter-subject registration method adapted to the deep brain regions that enable projection of computed electric fields (EFs) from individual realistic head models (n = 18) to the average space of deep brain regions. The computational results showed consistent group-level hotspots of the EF in the deep brain regions. The halo circular assembly coils induced the highest EFs in deep br...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the role of childhood trauma and coping ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study is the first study to compare patients with OCD with patients with epilepsy in terms of the nature of OCS and first identified the differences in OCS dimensions between patients with epilepsy with OCS and patients with OCD. PMID: 31805512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are common in persons with epilepsy and are associated with severe epilepsy, temporal lobe seizures, and the use of topiramate and lamotrigine. Specifically, the use of lamotrigine may aggravate OCS, whereas the use of topiramate may have beneficial effects on OCS. PMID: 31805509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere are sex differences in the association between OC symptoms and HPA axis measures in healthy individuals.
Source: Biology of Sex Differences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe current results suggest that aberrant functional interaction between the salience network (SN) and the DMN may represent a common substrate in the pathophysiology of OCD, while impaired functional coupling within the SN is distinct to autogenous-type OCD patients. These findings provide further neurobiological evidence to support the autogenous-reactive classification model and contribute to the understanding of the neurobiological basis for clinical heterogeneity in OCD.
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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