Binaural Speech Understanding With Bilateral Cochlear Implants in Reverberation.
Conclusions: The magnitude of 4 different binaural advantages was measured on the same group of bilateral CI subjects fitted with clinical processors in 2 different reverberation conditions. The results of this work demonstrate the impeding properties of reverberation on binaural speech understanding. In addition, results indicate that CI recipients who struggle in everyday listening environments are also more likely to benefit less in highly reverberant environments from their bilateral processors. PMID: 29279894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conditions: Younger Sibling of Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder; Signs of Developmental Delay; Signs of Communication Delay; Signs of Social Delay Interventions: Behavioral: Infant Achievements; Behavioral: Caregiver Education (CE) Sponsors: Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Inc.; National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Recruiting
ConclusionsThus, to conclude, this report emphasizes the diagnostic value of FGF21 assay in this disorder. It extends the phenotype associated with the founder mutation inRMND1 gene in patients from South Asia.
Mutations in the MYO7A gene, encoding the motor protein myosin VIIa, can cause Usher 1B, a deafness/blindness syndrome in humans, and the shaker-1 phenotype, characterized by deafness, head tossing, and circling behavior, in mice. Myosin VIIa is responsible for tension bearing and the transduction mechanism in the stereocilia and for melanosome transport in the retina, in line with the phenotypic outcomes observed in mice. However, the effect of the shaker-1 mutation, a R502P amino acid substitution, on the motor function is unclear. To explore this question, we determined the kinetic properties and the effect on the filop...
ConclusionsThis study revealed connectome‐level alterations involved in multiple large‐scale networks related to sensory and higher‐level cognitive functions in long‐term UHL patients. These reorganizations of the brain in UHL patients may depend on the stage of deafness and hearing level. Together, our findings provided empirical evidence for understanding the neuroplastic mechanisms underlying hearing impairment, establishing potential biomarkers for monitoring the progression and further treatment effects for UHL patients. Connectome‐level alteration involved in sensory and higher‐level cognitive networks w...
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1613685 Introduction Bone anchored hearing aids (BAHA) represent a useful surgical option for patients with single sided deafness. Objectives To compare multiple techniques for BAHA implantation regarding postoperative complications, operative time, and duration between the surgery and the first use of the BAHA. Methods A retrospective study was conducted of all patients receiving implantation of a BAHA from August of 2008 to October of 2014. Data collected included: patient age, gender, side operated, abutment length, operative time, duration until firs...
Conclusions: KID syndrome is a very rare disease that has been reported with an incremental incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the mucous membranes and skin (12%–15%). Here, we presented a case of severe systemic KID syndrome with ocular surface squamous neoplasia.
Conclusion: Our cohort demonstrated that the second CI showed comparable results to the first CI when implanted before 3.5 years, suggesting that optimal periods for the first CI and the second CI are same. However, the sensitive period (12–13 yr) for the second CI with good scores (≥80%) was much longer than that (7 yr) of the first CI, suggesting that the first CI prolongs the sensitive period for the second CI. The second CI should be implanted early, but considered even at a later age.
Conclusion: This is the first case of intraoperative documentation of rapid cochlear sclerosis in a patient with SNHL caused by sickle cell disease. Early cochlear implantation should be considered in these patients, and otolaryngologists should be aware of the possibility of rapid cochlear sclerosis without ossification in these patients.
Conclusion: Successful cochlear implantation via middle fossa approach results in satisfactory hearing, bringing deaf people into a hearing environment. However, this approach is technically difficult and provides the risk of intracranial complications. In our opinion this approach should be used in special cases only (e.g., postmeningitis or otosclerotis patients with obliteration of basal turn of cochlea). In analysed group it should not be considered the primary solution.
For more than half a century, hearing aids have been the only effective treatment for the millions of Britons struggling with deafness.But that might not be the case for much longer.