Strategies and Progress of Endocrine Therapy for Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer.

Strategies and Progress of Endocrine Therapy for Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;1026:403-418 Authors: Rugo HS, Li H, Gui X Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers and the leading causes of cancer mortality in women worldwide and in China. For hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, accounting for approximately 60-80% of breast cancer, endocrine therapy (ET) is the primary treatment strategy. For patients with HR+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC), there are many endocrine-based treatment options that can improve long-term outcomes and optimize quality of life. With the emergence and availability of new and effective agents, the options for ET have expanded in the last two decades. Although hormone therapy has been a standard of care for many decades, treatment must be individualized based on tumor biology and extent of disease. For example, the patients with impending organ failure may be treated with induction chemotherapy to improve organ function, followed by ET. For the patients who develop metastatic disease while on adjuvant ET, particularly when associated with organ failure, or for those with low expression of hormone receptors or expression of HER2, chemotherapy again may be a preferred initial treatment. ET blocks estrogen-driven tumor growth through different mechanisms; however, HR+ MBC can be intrinsically resistant or may acquire resistance to the treatment. Several targeted agents have...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our prodrug-based co-delivery system may provide an effective and simple strategy to re-sensitize TNBCs to TAM-based hormone therapy.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with primary breast cancer and associated synchronous bone metastases, who experienced a disease response of 12 years with hormonal therapy as maintenance after first line chemotherapy, with a good toxicity profile. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with estrogen receptor + human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)− metastatic breast cancer with synchronous bone metastases. Interventions: This patient was treated with chemotherapy for 6 cycles as a first-line therapy following by endocrine treatment given as a maintenance therapy. Outcomes: Our patient exper...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundA high percentage of breast cancer patients in the Asia-Pacific ( ∼42%) and Middle East (∼50%) regions are aged 50 years or younger. Although a high proportion of younger patients with endocrine-responsive metastatic disease are treated initially with cytotoxic chemotherapy (CT) in routine general practice, data from phase III trials have shown higher response rates and longer progression-free survival with endocrine therapy (ET) in combination with CDK4/6 inhibitor versus single agent ET. Due to lack of direct evidence, trials in pre-/perimenopausal advanced breast cancer are thus necessary to as...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Several patients with clinicopathologic features like hormone receptor positivity and HER2 negativity can avoid chemotherapy even with lymph node metastasis. Future studies with a long-term follow-up and a larger number of patients are required for validating our results. PMID: 30833157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Asian J Surg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the therapeutic impact of lapatinib, trastuzumab, and paclitaxel therapy for each ER- and ER+ subgroup of HER2+ patients. Development of further strategies and tools is required, particularly for luminal HER2 disease. PMID: 29445928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWe investigated the oncologic outcomes by intrinsic subtype and age in young breast cancer patients and whether survival differences were related to treatment changes over time.MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed on 9633 invasive breast cancer patients treated at Asan Medical Center from January 1989 to December 2008. We also enrolled a matched cohort adjusting for tumor size, lymph node metastasis, subtypes, and tumor grade. Patients aged
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions:ctDNA analysis identified PIK3CA mutations in pts with previously unknown or WT mutation status from archival tumor tissue; ORR and CBR were similar to those from archival tumor tissue suggesting that PIK3CA mutation testing from ctDNA may be used as a surrogate when tissue is unavailable. 21.7% of pts had mutations in both ESR1 and PIK3CA.Citation Format: Bundred N, Lavelle K, Sowerbutts AM, Pilling M, Todd C. Impact of primary surgery on short-term survival of older breast cancer patients in the UK [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2016 Dec 6...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Poster Session Abstracts Source Type: research
Background : The addition of anti-proliferative agents such new inhibitors of CDK4/6 to hormonotherapy have significantly improved the efficacy in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Oral vinorelbine provided the opportunity to give new schedules of chemotherapy with favourable tolerability and prolonged exposure. The present trial was designed to evaluate the clinical effects of the addition of oral vinorelbine to aromatase inhibitors in first line treatment for MBC.Methods : In this phase III, randomized, prospective, open trial named VICTORIANE (NCT02730091), postmenopausal women with HR+/HER2– with MBC ...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Ongoing Clinical Trials Source Type: research
Background:Preclinical and clinical evidence suggest that cross-talk between HER2 and estrogen receptor signaling pathways in breast cancer (BC) contributes to treatment resistance (Kaufman et al. J Clin Oncol 2009; Arpino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2007). First-line pertuzumab (P), in addition to trastuzumab (H) + docetaxel (T), significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with H + T in patients (pts) with HER2-positive metastatic BC (MBC) (Swain et al. N Engl J Med 2015; Baselga et al. N Engl J Med 2012). PERTAIN (NCT01491737) is the first study to assess first-line P + H + an ...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: General Session Abstracts Source Type: research
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