Computed Tomography-Based Occipital Condyle Morphometry in an Indian Population to Assess the Feasibility of Condylar Screws for Occipitocervical Fusion.

This study focused on determining the feasibility of placing occipital condylar screws in an Indian population using CT anatomical morphometric data. Overview of Literature: The occipital condylar screw is a novel technique being explored as one of the options in occipitocervical stabilization. Sex and ethnic variations in anatomical structures may restrict the feasibility of this technique in some populations. To the best of our knowledge, there are no CT-based data on an Indian population that assess the feasibility of occipital condylar screws. Methods: We measured the dimensions of 82 occipital condyles in 41 adults on coronal, sagittal, and axial reconstructed CT images. The differences were noted between the right and left sides and also between males and females. Statistical analysis was performed using the t-test, with a p-value of
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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Authors: Parikh AM, Grogan RH, Morón FE Abstract The localization of persistent or recurrent disease in reoperative patients with primary hyperparathyroidism presents challenges for radiologists and surgeons alike. In this article, we summarize the relevant imaging modalities, compare their accuracy in identifying reoperative disease, and outline their advantages and disadvantages. Accurate localization by preoperative imaging is a predictor of operative success, whereas negative or discordant preoperative imaging is a risk factor for operative failure. Ultrasound is a common first-line modality because it i...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall hospital-based spending increased 66.6% between 2007 and 2016 in California, but there was wide variation in spending growth across revenue centers. Understanding this variation—including the relative contributions of volumes and prices—can guide efforts to curb excessive health care spending and optimize resource dedication to current and future patient care needs.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Kimura N, Tsuchiya A, Oda C, Kimura A, Hosaka K, Tominaga K, Hayashi K, Abé T, Umezu H, Terai S Abstract A 75-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis was admitted for treatment of portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Computed tomography (CT) showed PVT, massive ascites, and multiple abdominal organ embolism. Blood tests revealed a decreased liver function (Child-Pugh grade C). Language impairment followed by progressive left hemi-paralysis was subsequently detected. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple small acute cerebral infarctions and, on CT, a 30-mm bladder tumour; a biopsy specimen examination sh...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Yingling, VR, Webb, SL, Inouye, C, O, J, and Sherwood, JJ. Muscle power predicts bone strength in Division II athletes. J Strength Cond Res 34(6): 1657–1665, 2020—The relationship between muscle fitness measures and tibial bone strength in collegiate level athletes was investigated. Eighty-six Division II collegiate athletes (mean ± SD: age: [18–29 years], height: 1.71 m [0.09], mass: 66.7 kg [10.5], 56 female: 30 male) participated in this cross-sectional study. Maximum grip strength (GS), 1 repetition maximum leg press, and vertical jump peak power (PP) tests were measured. Cortical area, cortica...
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: In GCT patients, our mBEP-schedule would suggest an effective treatment modality without suffering meaningful pulmonary toxicity.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Genitourinary Source Type: research
A nagyérvasculitisek képalkotó vizsgálatának lehetőségei és azok jelentősége. Orv Hetil. 2020 Jun;161(23):939-950 Authors: Kolossváry E, Balázs G, Dósa E, Moravszki M, Járai Z, Farkas K Abstract According to the nomenclature of the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference, giant-cell arteritis and Takayasu's arteritis belong to the group of large-vessel vasculitis. Recognition of these diseases is primarily based on the clinical assessment and the use of various vascular imaging modalities. With regard to the latter one, sig...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
We report the first case of colloid goiter diagnosed using EUS-B- FNA technique. A 77-year-old man presented with ophthalmic symptoms and an incidental finding of lung nodule on chest x-ray. The computed tomography of thorax revealed a left upper lobe nodule and an oval shaped left paratracheal lesion near left pole of thyroid gland. EUS-B- FNAC was performed which lead to the diagnosis of colloid goiter. PMID: 32447948 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Quantitative computer-aided analysis of chest CT scans can help clinicians...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AAOS: QCT finds low bone density in lumbar fusion patients Software leverages CT scans to generate bone density data Quantitative lung CT refines COPD diagnosis in smokers QCT identifies bone loss after ob/gyn cancer treatment Automated QCT offers hope for passive osteoporosis screening
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
ConclusionThis study identified the most accurate and reliable machine learning methods, which could enhance the application of radiomics methods in the precision of diagnosis of NPC.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIntegrated [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/MRI provides a similarly high diagnostic performance for localization of recurrent PC as PET/CT. For the detection of local recurrences [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/MRI is superior compared with [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/CT.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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