Prevalence of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Middle-Aged and Elderly People: An Analysis Based on Data from a Musculoskeletal Examination in Japan.
Prevalence of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Middle-Aged and Elderly People: An Analysis Based on Data from a Musculoskeletal Examination in Japan. Asian Spine J. 2017 Dec;11(6):989-997 Authors: Iizuka Y, Iizuka H, Mieda T, Tsunoda D, Sasaki T, Tajika T, Yamamoto A, Takagishi K Abstract Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence of chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) and its associated factors among middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals using data from a musculoskeletal examination conducted in general Japanese populations. Overview of Literature: Most studies evaluating low back pain-associated factors have been conducted in Western countries, but they have not always evaluated CNSLBP. Methods: We obtained data on 213 subjects aged>50 years who responded to a survey regarding age, gender, body mass index, lifestyle-related diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia), glucocorticoid use, smoking and alcohol-drinking habits, labor intensity, and chronic low back pain (CLBP) and underwent screening for lumbar spinal stenosis, evaluation for quality of life (QOL), and evaluation for specific spinal pathology via thoracolumbar spine X-rays. We investigated the prevalence of CNSLBP and association between CNSLBP and measured variables. Results: The prevalence of CNSLBP and chronic specific low back pain (CSLBP) was 15.4% and 9.3%, respectively...
In conclusion, the authors underline that ECD was diagnosed at a second diagnostic attempt both clinically and by specific staining pathology specimens. PMID: 30006650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present bone scan findings in a case of erythromelalgia in an 18 years old student, in whom the symptoms developed suddenly. No underlying disease could be demonstrated and the patient fully recovered. The scan findings were strikingly similar to those of reflex sympathetic dystrophy. PMID: 30006649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Miao C, Zhang L, Sun M, Ma C Abstract A 3 years old boy was hospitalized with a month's history of polydipsia, polyuria and low fever. There was no relevant family history. This is a rare case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with both bone and pituitary infiltration shown on the technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) scan and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sagittal and coronal T1-weighted images on MRI showed the typical lack of high signal intensity of the posterior pituitary which corresponded to the central signs of diabetes insipidus (DI). The diagnosis of LCH was suspected ...
Conclusion: Military Service members fit the targeted age and gender demographic of many marketing campaigns for ED/ES products, and many perceive these beverages as safe to use. The possible problems associated with overuse/reliance on ED/ES products, particularly relating to operational force readiness, merit further investigation. PMID: 30007307 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Soldiers returning from deployment were more likely to receive an opioid prescription than the overall active duty population, and 1.1% initiated a long-term opioid episode. We report a declining rate of opioid receipt and long-term opioid utilization among Army members from fiscal years 2008-2014. This study demonstrates that the most important predictors of opioid receipt were not demographic factors, but generally clinical indicators of acute pain or physical trauma. PMID: 30007291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of drug eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) treatment in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C liver cancer patients. In 39 patients with BCLC stage C liver cancer, after the first cycle of DEB-TACE, 2 (5.1%) and 24 (61.5%) patients achieved complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) to give an overall objective response rate (ORR) of 66.7%. With respect to the second cycle of therapy, the ORR was higher in patients receiving DEB-TACE compared with cTACE (57.1% vs 11.1%). Post first cycle of DEB-TACE treatment, the percentages of abno...
CONCLUSIONS: The NMR and MMR for Metro West were lower than in other developing countries, but higher than in high-income countries. The MI was low for direct obstetric conditions (hypertension, haemorrhage and puerperal sepsis), reflecting good quality of care and referral mechanisms for these conditions. The MIs for non-pregnancy-related infections, medical/surgical conditions and acute collapse were higher, suggesting that medical problems need more focused attention. PMID: 30004358 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: The perioperative period may be an important opportunity to identify undiagnosed hypertensive patients. The perioperative encounter may have a significant public health implication in facilitating appropriate referral and treatment of patients with hypertension to decrease long-term cardiovascular complications in SA. PMID: 30004348 [PubMed - in process]