Prevalence of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Middle-Aged and Elderly People: An Analysis Based on Data from a Musculoskeletal Examination in Japan.
Prevalence of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Middle-Aged and Elderly People: An Analysis Based on Data from a Musculoskeletal Examination in Japan. Asian Spine J. 2017 Dec;11(6):989-997 Authors: Iizuka Y, Iizuka H, Mieda T, Tsunoda D, Sasaki T, Tajika T, Yamamoto A, Takagishi K Abstract Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence of chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) and its associated factors among middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals using data from a musculoskeletal examination conducted in general Japanese populations. Overview of Literature: Most studies evaluating low back pain-associated factors have been conducted in Western countries, but they have not always evaluated CNSLBP. Methods: We obtained data on 213 subjects aged>50 years who responded to a survey regarding age, gender, body mass index, lifestyle-related diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia), glucocorticoid use, smoking and alcohol-drinking habits, labor intensity, and chronic low back pain (CLBP) and underwent screening for lumbar spinal stenosis, evaluation for quality of life (QOL), and evaluation for specific spinal pathology via thoracolumbar spine X-rays. We investigated the prevalence of CNSLBP and association between CNSLBP and measured variables. Results: The prevalence of CNSLBP and chronic specific low back pain (CSLBP) was 15.4% and 9.3%, respectively...
HIGH blood pressure symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and finding blood in your urine. But you could be at risk of “life-threatening” hypertension if your headache is accompanied by these signs.
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Conclusion: We have developed and validated a clinical prediction model that can be used to identify patients at high risk of a poor outcome after TKA. This clinical risk score may be an aid to shared decision-making between patient and clinician. PMID: 30506023 [PubMed]
This study evaluated associations between psychosocial variables and 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) to identify factors that motivate walking. 142 Individuals with IC (116 males, mean 66.9y [SD=10.2]) completed cross-sectional assessments of sociodemographics, walking treatment beliefs and intention (Theory of Planned Behaviour [TPB]), illness perceptions (Revised Illness Perceptions Questionnaire), and 6MWD. Multiple linear regression evaluated relationships between treatment beliefs (block 1) and illness perceptions (block 2) with intention and 6MWD. TPB constructs were associated with intention (R=.72, p
Conclusionsthe anti-obesity effect of liraglutide occurs through adaptive thermogenesis and may act through different cell signaling pathways in fat and skeletal muscle tissue. Liraglutide induces beige fat development partially through the AMPK-SIRT-1-PGC1- α cell signaling pathway. Therefore, liraglutide is a potential medication for obesity prevention and in targeting pre-diabetics.
CONCLUSION: On the basis of this preliminary study, it appears that the use of a barrier membrane to cover the lateral bone window during maxillary sinus floor augmentation surgery with a lateral approach reduces the postoperative dislodgement of the bone graft throughout the sinus antrostomy and prevents the bone substitute particles penetrating within the buccal mucosa, which is related to postoperative morbidity. PMID: 30521657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: January 2019Source: Journal of Catalysis, Volume 369Author(s): Yongning Pan, Guandong Wu, Yufei He, Junting Feng, Dianqing LiAbstractIn this work, a catalyst containing an Au/ZnO interface was synthesized using controlled thermal treatment to generate a strong metal–support interaction between Au and a thin amorphous ZnO layer, and was used for the aqueous oxidation of glycerol under base-free conditions. We provide evidence that the Au/ZnO interface is the specific active site for selective catalytic oxidation of the secondary alcohol group in glycerol, without affecting the primary alcohol groups,...
Authors: Palacios OM, Kramer M, Maki KC Abstract INTRODUCTION: Insulin resistance (IR) and pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction are core pathophysiologic features of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Select lifestyle and pharmacologic interventions, including weight loss, physical activity, a Mediterranean diet intervention, and hypoglycemic agents, have been shown to prevent or delay T2DM. However, dietary factors other than weight loss may also impact risk, mainly through effects to enhance insulin sensitivity, although some may also directly or indirectly impact pancreatic beta-cell function. Areas covered: A literat...