CAD of chest tomosynthesis works best for new readers

Computer-aided detection (CAD) of digital chest tomosynthesis studies helped...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Digital tomo refines postoperative imaging of hand fractures DR tomo beats x-ray, especially for small chest lesions Digital tomosynthesis works well for spinal tuberculosis Tomo-CAD combo targets lung cancer screening
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Publication date: 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, Volume 24Author(s): Kohei Fujita, Naohiro Uchida, Kanna Horimoto, Masayuki Hashimoto, Koichi Nakatani, Koki Moriyoshi, Satoru Sawai, Tadashi MioAbstractThe existence of a lung cavity on chest radiographs suggests the presence of lung disease, including benign or malignant disease. Lung cancer, tuberculosis, and fungal infection are all known for developing lung cavity. In addition, there are some characteristic findings in the differential diagnosis of cavitary disease, although these cavitary diseases often coexist. Here, we report two cases that presented c...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Even though the size of our study population was small, the positive rate of 7.4% was like or lower than those in other lung cancer screening studies. Early lung cancer was detected using LDCT screening in one participant. Lung-RADS may be applicable to participants in Korea, where pulmonary tuberculosis is endemic. PMID: 29962887 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Villena-Suarez JR, Vicente W, Taxa L, Cuéllar L, Nuñez-Butrón MT, Villegas V, Castillo M, Castañeda CA Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem that, due to the clinical variability of its presentation, can be confused with cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical-radiological characteristics and to describe the methodology that allowed to achieve a TB diagnosis in patients referred to the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (INEN) with a presumed diagnosis of cancer between 2014 and 2016. The study included 170 patients (52.4% men) wit...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
This report describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a patient with gastrointestinal multiple metastases from squamous-cell lung cancer, with special emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of metastatic lung cancer. Patient concerns: A 61-year-old man who presented with progressive abdominal distention was admitted to our hospital. Radiological examinations showed changes of post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis and mechanical obstruction of the small bowl. Histopathological findings of gastroscopic examination and biopsy specimens showed a diagnosis of squamous-cell carcinoma in the body of the stomach. D...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
According to the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) global TB report (, last accessed on 1 April 2018), around one-quarter of the world ’s population is infected with TB bacilli, resulting in 1.3 million TB deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative subjects and another 0.374 million deaths in the HIV-positive population annually. The most prevalent countries with a high TB burden include India, Indonesia, China, the Philippines and Pakistan.
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world and the leading cause of cancer death [1]. It is highly fatal, with an overall mortality to incidence ratio of 0.87. The primary risk factor for lung cancer is cigarette smoke. Other established non-inherited risk factors include ionizing radiation, asbestos, different kinds of occupational exposures, air pollution and pulmonary diseases such as tuberculosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [2]. Lung cancer and pulmonary fibrosis are driven by similar biological pathways [3], and a recent study found an eightfold higher incidence ratio of lung cancer among suffere...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, the interaction between the microbiota of the lower respiratory tract and the type of immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis were studied. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples of 10 tuberculosis (TB) patients and 5 cases suspected of lung cancer as control were obtained. Clinical symptoms were recorded for the TB patients. Serial dilutions of samples were prepared and cultured on a selective medium in order to count Streptococcus spp., Neisseria spp., Haemophilus spp. and Veillonella in the lung. To determine the type of immune response of Th1/Th2, Real Time-PCR method was used. The prevalence of...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:  EBUS-TBNA revealed a specific cause for suspected non-malignant lymphadenopathy in one-third of cases and was associated with excellent specificity. Predominant specific causes were granuloma, besides from tumor. In 3 patients pathogen could be isolated by TBNA. PMID: 29788514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
515Introduction: Although surgical resection is the optimal therapeutic option for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), impaired pulmonary function may interfere and contraindicate therapeutic option. Therefore, predicting postoperative pulmonary function plays an important role. Perfusion SPECT/CT is now established method that can accurately assess lobar or segmental lung function, which makes exact measurement of predicted postoperative percentage forced expiratory volume in 1s (ppoFEV1%) possible. We compared SPECT/CT derived ppoFEV1% with actual pulmonary function in 6 months after surgical resection. Metho...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Outcomes/Infectious Disease/Pulmonary II Source Type: research
We report for the first time caspase-4 as a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, opening new therapeutic perspectives for NSCLC patients. PMID: 29721208 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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