Personality and breast cancer screening in women of the GAZEL cohort study

Abstract The potential benefit of breast cancer screening is mitigated by the risk of false positives and overdiagnosis, thus advocating for a more personalized approach, based on the individual benefit‐harm balance. Since personality might influence the women's appraisal of this balance, this prospective observational cohort study examined whether it could influence mammography use. A total of 2691 postmenopausal women of the GAZEL Cohort Study completed the Bortner Type A Rating Scale and the Buss and Durkee Hostility Inventory in 1993. Associations between personality scores and subsequent mammography use, self‐reported through up to five triennial follow‐up questionnaires, were estimated with Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) with logistic mixed model regressions, adjusting for age, occupational grade, marital status, family history of breast cancer, age at menarche, age at first delivery, gynecological follow‐up, hormone therapy use, and depressive symptoms. Individual propensity scores were used to weight the analyses to control for potential selection biases. More than 90% of the participants completed at least two follow‐up questionnaires. Type A personality, but not hostility, was associated with mammography use in both univariate (crude OR [95% CI]: 1.62 [1.24–2.11], P 
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of severe depression in Iranian women with breast...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
ConclusionSymptoms of polyneuropathy following adjuvant docetaxel and oxaliplatin persist 5  years after treatment and affect quality of life negatively.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionsLess than half of the total number of patients maintained a medium level of overall HRQoL after diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, and nearly 60% continued to have lower overall HRQoL even after the treatment was complete. Older participants with more severe economic burden and higher depression experienced lower and more persistent overall HRQoL; thus, these patients should be monitored and provided supportive care as a part of survivorship care.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of severe depression in Iranian women with breast cancer. Methods: This meta-analysis study was conducted at Zabol University of Medical Sciences in 2019. Seven electronic databases were searched and evaluated for original research papers published on the prevalence of severe depression in Iranian women with breast cancer. Finally, 13 articles were selected and analyzed via Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. Results: Overall, the prevalence of severe depression in Iranian women with breast cancer was 11% (95% CI (7.2, 16.5)). The highest prevalence was 44% in Teh...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research
We report the case of a 65-year-old woman with cerebral metastatic breast cancer who was compulsorily admitted from a specialized palliative care ward to a psychiatric inpatient ward in Zurich, Switzerland. While in specialized inpatient palliative care, the patient had resisted palliative care but was found to lack decision-making capacity for her treatment due to disordered thought process and paranoid delusions. Under our care, which involved coercive treatment in the form of concealed administration of an antipsychotic, the patient's psychiatric symptoms improved. She regained decision-making capacity, was granted disc...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Among the many remarkable things that have happened since the COVID-19 pandemic began is that a lot of our usual medical care has simply stopped. According to a recent study, routine testing for cervical cancer, cholesterol, and blood sugar is down nearly 70% across the country. Elective surgeries, routine physical examinations, and other screening tests have been canceled or rescheduled so that people can stay at home, avoid being around others who might be sick, and avoid unknowingly spreading the virus. Many clinics, hospitals, and doctors’ offices have been closed for weeks except for emergencies. Even if these f...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Health care Healthy Aging Men's Health Women's Health Source Type: blogs
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study aims to evaluate the temporal patterns of anxiety and find factors associated with persistent anxiety during breast cancer treatment. Methods: This is prospective cohort study. Between July 2010 and July 2011, we recruited patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer who were expected to receive adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 411) from 2 cancer hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Anxiety was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The mean age of the participants was 46.4 ± 7.9 years. Preoperatively, 44.5% (183 of 411) of the patients showed abnormal anxiety. The proportion of the abnor...
Source: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Surg Treat Res Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Abstract Authors examined differences in assessment method (structured diagnostic interview versus self-report questionnaire) between ethnic groups in the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders among women with breast cancer. A convenience sample of 88 Mizrahi (Jews of Middle Eastern/North African descent, n = 42) and Ashkenazi (Jews of European/American descent, n = 46) women with breast cancer from oncology units in three health centers across Israel participated in the study. Participants were within eight months of diagnosis. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and a struc...
Source: Health and Social Work - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Health Soc Work Source Type: research
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