Prediabetes is Associated with Microalbuminuria, Reduced Kidney Function and Chronic Kidney Disease in the General Population

We investigated the associations of serum fasting (FG) and 2-hour postload (2HG) glucose from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin and the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) with urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning did not modify irisin or troponin I expression, independent of the time of collection. PMID: 31799981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this small pilot study, cholecalciferol treatment appeared to increase serum phosphorous concentrations compared to ergocalciferol. These observations may warrant further large-scale studies that are appropriately powered to validate such findings. PMID: 31804923 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Pharm Pharm Sci - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Pharm Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Jha VK, Rajkamal T, Padmaprakash KV, Sharma DP PMID: 31801341 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta R, Sharma KK, Soni S, Gupta N, Khedar RS Abstract Background: Hypertension is highly prevalent in India but frequency of resistant hypertension has not been well studied. Methods: We performed a registry-based study at a single center in patients with primary diagnosis of hypertension (n=3073). Details of co-morbidities, medications and blood pressure (BP) control were obtained. Patients with coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease were excluded. Resistant hypertension was defined as uncontrolled hypertension (BP ≥140/90) with use of 3 drugs of which one was ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
In this study, a combination of chromatography and mass spectrometry analysis has been used to characterise and compare the glycosylation profiles of five ESA products; Eprex® (epoetin alfa), NeoRecormon® (epoetin beta), Binocrit® (epoetin alfa biosimilar), Silapo (epoetin alfa biosimilar) and Aranesp® (darbepoetin alfa). The methods utilised include mixed-mode anion-exchange/hydrophilic interaction chromatography (AEX/HILIC-MS) for N-glycan identification and quantitation, and HILIC-MS for O-glycan characterisation. The products exhibit notable differences in N- and O-glycosylation, including attributes su...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Crawford DC, Lin J, Cooke Bailey JN, Kinzy T, Sedor JR, O'Toole JF, Bush WS Abstract Return of results is not common in research settings as standards are not yet in place for what to return, how to return, and to whom. As a pioneer of large-scale of return of research results, the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort now known of All of Us plans to return pharmacogenomic results and variants of clinical significance to its participants starting late 2019. To better understand the local landscape of possibilities regarding return of research results, we assessed the frequency of pathogenic variants and APO...
Source: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: Pac Symp Biocomput Source Type: research
In this study, we used data mining techniques to search for subtypes in an unbiased fashion. Using electronic signatures of the disease, we identified a cohort of 13,290 patients with NAFLD from a hospital database. We gathered clinical data from multiple sources and applied unsupervised clustering to identify five subtypes among this cohort. Descriptive statistics and survival analysis showed that the subtypes were clinically distinct and were associated with different rates of death, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and myocardial infarction. Novel disease subtypes iden...
Source: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: Pac Symp Biocomput Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Chen-Ti Wang, Che-Wei Chang, Yung-Chuan Lu, Hing-Chung Lam, Shu-Ju Ku, Kuo-Bin Tseng, Yu-Hsi KaoSodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have become the best choice of second-line oral antidiabetic drugs for patients with heart or chronic kidney disease. However, it is not clear how safe this treatment is for elderly patients, especially Asians, who are known to be more insulin deficient than Caucasian individuals with a similar insulin resistance. Here, we report a case concerning an elderly patient wi...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Emerging evidence has demonstrated that epigenetic regulation plays a vital role in gene expression under normal and pathological conditions. Alterations in the expression and activation of histone methyltransferases (HMTs) have been reported in preclinical models of multiple kidney diseases, including acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy, polycystic kidney disease, and renal cell carcinoma. Pharmacological inhibition of these enzymes has shown promise in preclinical models of those renal diseases. In this review, we summarize recent knowledge regarding expression and activation of various HMTs...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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