Proposal of a new preliminary scoring tool for early identification of significant blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries in patients at risk after road traffic crashes - Raharimanantsoa M, Zingg T, Thiery A, Brigand C, Delhorme JB, Romain B.

PURPOSE: Blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries (BBMI) are regularly missed by abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans. The aim of this study was to develop a risk assessment tool for BBMI to help clinicians in decision-making for blunt trauma after road tra...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

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This study aims at providing a metrical assessment of pterygopalatine fossa through an innovative 3D segmentation procedure on head CT-scans.MethodsCT-scans from 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) aged between 18 and 85  years were chosen for the study. Right and left pterygopalatine fossae were segmented through ITK-SNAP open source software. Height and volume were calculated on the acquired 3D models. In addition, anterior–posterior nasal spine distance, upper facial height (nasion–prosthion) and biorbital b readth (ectoconchion–ectoconchion) were measured as well. Statistically significant dif...
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
ConclusionOur values are higher than the standards of some European countries. This first ever survey of CT practice in Ibn Sina Children's Hospital of Rabat confirmed the need to improved training of health professionals involved in computed tomography on factors affecting image quality and dose and protocols optimization.
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
ConclusionThe subtle and predictable variability in corrected QAT observed in this study suggests that image registration is reliable in preserving the accuracy of the quantitative metrics.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Wen-Kui Sun, Wen Yang, Chen-Hui Ma, Xin-Wu Xiao, Yi Shi, Yong SongJournal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics 2018 14(12):1220-1222 Neurilemmomas are rare tumors of neural crest cell origin that occur most commonly in the head and neck region. Intercostal neurilemmomas are extremely rare and are mostly seen as solitary tumors in the posterior mediastinum. Only one case report of multiple intercostal neurilemmomas has been documented previously. In this article, we report a case of multiple intercostal neurilemmomas in a 54-year-old woman who had initially presented with progressive dull left chest pain over a 1-year perio...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Radiology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Merck and Bayer have been granted FDA Breakthrough Device Designation for the collaborative Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) Artificial Intelligence Pattern Recognition software. CTEPH can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms are similar to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptoms. CTEPH affects five people per million annually worldwide. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography and a ventilation/perfusion scan can be used to determine if thromboembolic occlusion is causing pulmonary hypertension in patients. Get the full story on our sister site, Medical Design &Outsourc...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Bayer Merck Source Type: news
New research has linked the risk of developing interstitial lung disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients with the promoter variant in MUC5B, which may also contribute to the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and an unsual interstitial pneumonia seen by high-resolution CT scan...
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Rheumatoid Arthritis ILD Interstitial Lung Disease MUC5B Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Source Type: research
(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) Researchers at the Wyss Institute have created a novel 3D printing workflow that allows cardiologists to evaluate how different valve sizes will interact with each patient's unique anatomy, before the medical procedure is actually performed. This protocol uses CT scan data to produce physical models of individual patients' aortic valves, in addition to a 'sizer' device to determine the perfect replacement valve size.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in coma following the nontraumatic rupture of a left posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm with subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage and acute hydrocephalus, affecting mainly the fourth ventricle with substantial adjacent edema (figure 1). Her Glasgow Coma Scale score was 3/15 and physical examination showed left hemiparesis, absent corneal and oculovestibular reflexes. Dexamethasone (4 mg q6h) and mannitol (1 g/kg initially, then 0.5 mg/kg q6h) were started, and a frontal bilateral trephination with external ventricular drainage was performed. Initial sedatio...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Coma, Critical care, Intracerebral hemorrhage Case Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe have found a better fusion rate and prevalence of fusion in the group treated with metal cages, reflecting the well-known osteoinductive properties of titanium and tantalum.
Source: Musculoskeletal Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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