Rise of Teenage Pregnancy Deters Development Goals

This report is complemented in turn by another report presented by UNICEF and the World Bank in August and also by the report presented in November by the National Statistics Office (ONE in Spanish) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).The three documents make up a global and coherent product of a sinister reality. Two out of 10 women between the ages of 15 and 19 in the Dominican Republic have been pregnant or have been mothers; representing 15.9% of the country’s population. Surely it will be a higher percentage given that pregnancies begin to occur as early as twelve years of age.The causes of this sinister reality, briefly described, are multiple; but its consequences are clear: low or very low quality of life, poor welfare, recurrent poverty, exclusion.The link between poverty and child and teenage pregnancy is clear, and the UNDP National Human Development Report shows that the mentioned link is to be found in the opportunity cost that teenage pregnancy represents for the human development of these young women. That is, the opportunities that they lose as a consequence of those early pregnancies or maternities.This reality, I insist sinister indeed, worsens when considered that it has an equally quantifiable impact on the young pregnant woman, on the family environment of the pregnant girl or teenager and of course also on the child, the product of that pregnancy.We are talking about half of the population of the country. The good news, however, is that ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Education Gender Global Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Women & Economy Women's Health Source Type: news

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Infants born at 23 to 27 weeks of pregnancy are most vulnerable.
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: In the News Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Håvard Ove Skjerven, Eva Maria Rehbinder, Riyas Vettukattil, Marissa LeBlanc, Berit Granum, Guttorm Haugen, Gunilla Hedlin, Linn Landrø, Benjamin J Marsland, Knut Rudi, Kathrine Dønvold Sjøborg, Cilla Söderhäll, Anne Cathrine Staff, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Anna Asarnoj, Karen Eline Stensby Bains, Oda C Lødrup Carlsen, Kim M Advocaat Endre, Peder Annæus Granlund, Johanne Uthus HermansenSummaryBackgroundSkin emollients applied during early infancy could prevent atopic dermatitis, and early comple...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this long ‐term follow‐up of women with GDM, we found that 2‐hour glucose during OGTT at pregnancy predicted β‐cell function (as measured by ODI) 22 years post‐partum. Results of 2‐hour glucose during OGTT at pregnancy is a more useful indicator of long‐term metabolic risk. Most of the cases wh ich later converted to type 2 diabetes occurred within the first 15 years postpartum. AbstractAims/IntroductionWomen with gestational diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for type  2 diabetes. We characterized the association between maternal glycemia during pregnancy with long‐term outcomes.Methods a...
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is no clear evidence that the use of drugs during pregnancy and during the first year of life is associated with HSPM. Further well-designed prospective studies are needed.Clinical relevanceDetermining the etiological factors related to the development of HSPM would help to establish preventive protocols in patients at potential risk. As HSPM is predictive of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH), the application of preventive protocols would avoid complications in both the primary and permanent dentition.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
[UNFPA in WCA] Bamako, February 20, 2020, On Thursday, February 20, the Regional Office of the United Nations Population Fund  (UNFPA) for West and Central Africa (WCARO) is organizing a session on "Demography, Peace and Security" as part of the 20th edition of the Bamako Forum "Africa on the horizon 2040: between memories and futures" which is held from February 20 to 22, 2020 in Bamako, Mali under the High Patronage of the President of  the Republic of Mali, His Excellency Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: We found limited evidence of an association between prenatal traffic and ambient air pollution exposure and infant body composition. Suggestive associations between prenatal ozone exposure and early postnatal changes in body composition merit further investigation. PMID: 32069764 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Based on all the statistical methods used, we demonstrated the effect of combined exposure to metals on the neurodevelopment of infants aged 6 months, with significant interaction between lead and mercury. PMID: 32069757 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
huhmacher M Abstract Maternal exposure to toxic and essential trace elements represents a surrogate of exposure to the unborn child. Variables of exposure as sociodemographic, lifestyles and diet may contribute to different exposure of pregnant women to specific trace elements. Blood, urine and cord blood samples of 53 pregnant women of the HEALS-EXHES cohort, recruited in Reus (Catalonia, Spain) between 2016 and 2017, were analysed for the concentrations of As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se and Zn. Univariate and multivariate models were built in order to assess associations between element concentrations in...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
This study examined microstructural white matter as a possible mediator of the associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and behavior problems in preschool-aged children. METHODS: Data are from a subsample of a prospective pregnancy cohort, the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study (n = 76). Mother-child pairs were included if mothers provided a second trimester urine sample, if the child completed a successful magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan at age 3-5 years, and if the Child Behavior Checklist was completed within 6 months of the MRI scan. Molar sums of high (HMWP) and low mol...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the comprehensive pesticide exposome and metabolome wide associational study combined with meta-analysis, we found that prenatal exposure to β-HCH and mecarbam decreased birth weight via disrupting thyroid hormone metabolism and glyceraldehyde metabolism, providing new insights into the toxic effects of exposure to pesticides on birth outcomes. PMID: 32069748 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
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