γδ T cells contribute to injury in the developing brain.

γδ T cells contribute to injury in the developing brain. Am J Pathol. 2017 Dec 14;: Authors: Albertsson AM, Zhang X, Vontell R, Bi D, Bronson RT, Supramaniam V, Baburamani AA, Hua S, Nazmi A, Cardell S, Zhu C, Cantor H, Mallard C, Hagberg H, Leavenworth JW, Wang X Abstract Brain injury in premature infants, especially periventricular leukomalacia, is an important cause of neurological disabilities. Inflammation contributes to the development of perinatal brain injury, but the essential mediators leading to brain injury in early life remain largely unknown. Neonates have reduced capacity for mounting conventional αβT-cell responses. However γδT-cells are already functionally competent during early development and are important in early life immunity. We investigated the potential contribution of γδT-cells to preterm brain injury by using postmortem brains from human preterm infants with periventricular leukomalacia and two animal models of preterm brain injury-the hypoxic-ischemic mouse model and a fetal sheep asphyxia model. Large numbers of γδT-cells were observed in the brains of mice, sheep, and postmortem preterm infants after injury, and depletion of γδT-cells provided protection in the mouse model. The common γδT-cell associated cytokines interferon-γ and interleukin (IL)-17A were not detectable in the brain. Although there were increased mRNA levels of Il17f a...
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research

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