Urine Arsenic and Arsenic Metabolites in U.S. Adults and Biomarkers of Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Endothelial Dysfunction: A Cross-Sectional Study

Conclusion: In a cross-sectional study of U.S. adults, we observed some positive associations of uAs and toenail As concentrations with biomarkers potentially relevant to CVD pathogenesis and inflammation, and evidence of a higher capacity to metabolize inorganic As was negatively associated with a marker of oxidative stress. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2062 Received: 14 April 2017 Revised: 13 November 2017 Accepted: 15 November 2017 Published: 15 December 2017 Address correspondence to S.F. Farzan, 2001 N. Soto St., Los Angeles, CA, 90032. Telephone: (323)-442-5101; Email: sffarzan@usc.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2062). These authors contributed equally to this work. The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental Material PDF (203 KB) Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of contents summarizing the Supplemental Material for this article (...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionsHypothalamic EPO plays a role in the central regulation of muscle and metabolic physiology while its decline contributes to aging and obesity physiology in a manner which is independent of peripheral EPO.
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This study investigated the protein expression profile of STC1 in PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples and STC1 signalling during cell proliferation and cell death in vitro using cell lines. We found higher levels of STC1 in PCa when compared to BPH tissue and that STC1 inhibited forskolin stimulation of cAMP in PC-3 cells. A monoclonal antibody against STC1 was effective in reducing cell proliferation, in promoting cell cycle arrest, and in increasing apoptosis in the same cells. Since STC1 acts as a regulator of prostatic tissue signalling, we suggest that this protein is a novel candidate biomarker for p...
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Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
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Authors: Lee YH, Jang HW, Park CH, An SM, Lee EK, Choi BM, Noh GJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of intraoperative fluid therapy is to avoid both hypovolemia and hypervolemia; however, the patient's exact volume status is difficult to determine during surgery. Fluid optimization guided by stroke volume variation (SVV) has been widely used in patients undergoing major open abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma volume before and after surgery following SVV-guided fluid therapy. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated into one of two groups according to the SVV criteria for...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
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Authors: Lionetti V, Barile L Abstract Over the last 20 years increasing number of patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy underwent different types of elective non-cardiac and cardiac surgery. Despite surgery is safer today than in the past, rate of perioperative major adverse cardiovascular events is still attracting significant attention from both clinicians and researchers. The perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI), a permanent damage of the heart, is a major cause of short and long term morbidity and mortality in current surgical populations. Although it is primarily the result of local myocardial is...
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