A little black box for detecting and tracking outbreaks

One of the toughest tasks in responding to a major public health emergency is getting accurate information about infectious disease outbreaks. Infections can spread even more quickly than rumours, particularly when there is a lack of reliable, up-to-date information to detect, track and respond to outbreaks.
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, Feature [doctype] Source Type: news

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Resumen El objetivo es revisar la literatura cient ífica sobre los problemas de salud derivados de la exposición laboral a Legionella spp. Revisión sistemática de la literatura científica recogida en las bases de datos MEDLINE (Pubmed), ISI-Web of Science (Institute for Scientific Information), Cochrane Library Plus, Literatura Latinoamericana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS) y SCOPUS, hasta febrero 2015. Los descriptores utilizados fueron: “ Legionnaires ’ Disease ” “ Legionellosis ” “ Occupational Exposure ” “ Occupat...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
rgio Palù Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is one of the most lethal transmissible infections, characterized by a high fatality rate, and caused by a member of the Filoviridae family. The recent large outbreak of EVD in Western Africa (2013–2016) highlighted the worldwide threat represented by the disease and its impact on global public health and the economy. The development of highly needed anti-Ebola virus antivirals has been so far hampered by the shortage of tools to study their life cycle in vitro, allowing to screen for potential active compounds outside a biosafety level-4 (BSL-4) containment. Importa...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
[Govt of SA] On 07 January this year the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries confirmed and reported an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the high surveillance area of the foot and mouth disease free zone in Limpopo, adjacent to the protection zone. Subsequently, South Africa lost its World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) recognised foot and mouth disease free zone without vaccination status.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
[Premium Times] The confirmed cases from the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria has increased to 472 as 53 new cases were reported for week 10.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Rubella is a vaccine-preventable contagious disease causing an estimated 100,000 children to be born with congenital rubella syndrome each year globally. Studies documented that 18 rubella outbreaks were occur...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Severe leptospirosis is known to cause multi organ dysfunction including cardiac involvement. In the clinical setting with limited resources, high degree of suspicion is needed to diagnose cardiac involvement ...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
ConclusionPhotokeratitis outbreak among school event attendees in South India was due to exposure to UV light from indoor lights used during the event. We recommended restriction of usage of such lights for indoor events through awareness campaigns and guidelines.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis outbreak of MVD occurred as a family cluster with no additional transmission outside of the four related cases. Rapid case detection, prompt laboratory testing at the Uganda National VHF Reference Laboratory and presence of pre-trained, well-prepared national and district rapid response teams facilitated the containment and control of this outbreak within one month, preventing nationwide and global transmission of the disease.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThis updated distribution of arbovirus vectors across Cameroon will help in planning vector control programme against possible outbreak of arbovirus related diseases in the country.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, practice (KAP) of dengue fever among Vietnamese participants and the potential associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 330 patients at the Bach Mai Hospital in Northern Vietnam. A Tobit regression model was utilized to investigate the associated factors. The average knowledge score was 4.6/19. Respondents perceived their risk of DF infection to be very low (39.5%) to low (20.7%) and had a neutral attitude about the necessity of hospitalization when being infected with DF (60.9%). A total of 17.6%, 9.8% and 6.6% of respondents reported frequently chan...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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