Phase III IMmotion151 Study Met Co-primary Goal In Kidney Cancer

The study demonstrated that the combination of TECENTRIQ (atezolizumab) and Avastin (bevacizumab) provided a statistically significant and clinically meaningful reduction in the risk of disease worsening or death...12/12/2017
Source: Kidney Cancer Association - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news

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Authors: Albisinni S, Pretot D, Al Hajj Obeid W, Aoun F, Quackels T, Peltier A, Roumeguère T Abstract INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are established markers of systemic inflammation. Moreover, anemia is a known adverse prognostic factor and reduced haemoglobin to platelet ratio (HPR) seems associate to poor outcomes in urothelial cancer. Aim of the current study was to explore the prognostic value of NLR, HPR and PLR in patients harboring localized RCC. Materials and Methods 184 patients undergoing partial and radical nephrectomy for renal ma...
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
i Francesco Massari The development of new systemic agents has led us into a “golden era” of management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Certainly, the approval of immune-checkpoint inhibitors and the combination of these with targeted compounds has irreversibly changed clinical scenarios. A deeper knowledge of the molecular mechanisms that correlate with tumor development and progression has made this revolution possible. In this amazing era, novel challenges are awaiting us in the clinical management of metastatic RCC. Of these, the development of reliable criteria which are able to pre...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Renal cell cancer (RCC) is a highly vascularized and immunogenic tumor type. Inhibition of vessel formation by anti-angiogenic therapies as well as stimulation of the immune system by immunotherapy have revolutionized the therapeutic landscape of RCC in recent years. Nevertheless, both therapies are associated with therapy resistance due to a highly dynamic, adaptive and heterogeneous tumor microenvironment (TME). The aim of this short review article is to provide an overview of the components of the RCC TME as well as to discuss their contribution to disease progression. In addition, we report preclinical and clinical f...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: FEBS Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Perspective Source Type: research
Conclusion: This translational study identified CXCL5 as a biomarker of efficacy of lysosomotropic drugs, a potential asset for personalized medicine.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Objective: Growing evidence suggests pretreatment fibrinogen can serve as a prognostic marker in various malignancies. However, there are contradictory results about the prognostic role of fibrinogen in urological cancers. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between pretreatment plasma fibrinogen and survival outcomes in urological cancers.Methods: After a systematic search of PubMed and Embase, we included 14 studies in our meta-analysis, and estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) using a fixed-effect model.Results: Our results indicate that pretreat...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggested that expression status of FZD1 had a diagnostic value and prognostic value in ccRCC patients, it also may serve as a potential drug target to relieve sunitinib resistance in renal cancer patients.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: The intrinsic and extrinsic expression patterns are both detected in ccRCC. High positive rate of TC-PD-L1 correlated closely to the strong infiltration of CD8+ TILs. TC-PD-L1-positive ccRCC patients with abundant CD8+ TILs infiltration confer the high risk of death and disease relapse.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study thus proposes the everolimus-ABT-737 combination as a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of RCC to overcome the current clinical problem of everolimus resistance.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the urinary system and the second-most common type of renal cell carcinoma. Aurora kinase A (AURKA), a serine/threonine kinase, has a critical role in centrosome duplication, spindle assembly checkpoint, and cytokinesis. Here, we determined the correlation between UCC susceptibility and AURKA polymorphisms. We used real-time polymerase chain reaction to compare the genotype distributions and allelic frequencies of four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of AURKA, namely rs1047972, rs2273535, rs2064863, and rs6024836, between 431 UCC cases and 862 ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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