Factors Predict Severe GI Problems in SSc (CME/CE)

(MedPage Today) -- Dysmotility in systemic sclerosis linked with myopathy, sicca symptoms, nonwhite race, and male sex
Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: news

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Patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) complicated by gastrointestinal dysmotility are difficult to treat and have high mortality. To clarify the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal manifestations, we aimed to de...
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
The objectives of this systematic review were to investigate the role of HRM in the assessment of SSc-associated upper GI involvement and to evaluate the correlation between HRM abnormalities and clinical characteristics and the effects of therapeutic interventions on HRM findings. Fifteen articles were included. Most (11/15) studies were of very good or good quality. Most studies assessed correlations between esophageal symptoms and esophageal dysmotility. Two studies assessed the effectiveness of buspirone and reported HRM findings. Studies assessing upper GI symptoms using validated questionnaires, such as the Universit...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
-Huarcaya L Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Connective tissue diseases are inflammatory, autoimmune diseases and threaten quality of life. To determine the relationship between staining patterns of antinuclear antibodies and antibodies against extractable nuclear antigens in patients with connective tissue disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, basic, analytical and transversal study. Study conducted in the Immunology Service of the Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital between January 2017 and June 2017. We analyzed 291 samples of patients with CTD and for the detection of anti-nuclear antibody st...
Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Source Type: research
Authors: Bakhos CT, Petrov RV, Parkman HP, Malik Z, Abbas AE Abstract Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is quite prevalent worldwide, especially in the western hemisphere. The pathophysiology of GERD is complex, involving an incompetent esophagogastric junction (EGJ) as an anti-reflux barrier, as well as other co-morbid conditions such as gastroparesis, hiatal herniation or hyper acid secretion. Esophageal dysmotility is also frequently encountered in GERD, further contributing to the disease in the form of fragmented peristalsis, ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) or the more severe aperistalsis. The latte...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSystemic sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disorder commonly involving the gastrointestinal tract, including the colon and anorectum. In this review, we summarize major clinical manifestations and highlight recent developments in physiology, diagnostics, and treatment.Recent FindingsThe exact pathophysiology of systemic sclerosis is unclear and likely multifactorial. The role of the microbiome on gastrointestinal manifestations has led to a better understanding of potential pathogenic gut flora. Carbohydrate malabsorption is common. Evaluation using fecal calprotectin and high-resolution anorectal ...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEsophageal dysfunction is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. Limited treatment options are available for scleroderma esophageal disease. Here, we discuss recent updates on the diagnosis, treatment, and characterization that have been made in patients with scleroderma esophageal disease.Recent FindingsIn the past few years, novel diagnostic tools have provided insight into esophageal dysmotility in SSc patients. New drugs are being tested and might improve symptoms and quality of life in SSc patients with esophageal dysfunction. Molecular stratification methods have facilitated the identif...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in both inflammatory and non-inflammatory connective tissue disorders and can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Dysphagia, gastrooesophageal reflux, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and change in bowel habit are common symptoms and usually arise from gastrointestinal dysmotility and altered visceral sensitivity. In scleroderma, sensorimotor dysfunction is pronounced and can result in complications such as Barrett's oesophagus, gastroparesis, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, malabsorption and malnutrition, with an associated reduction in survival.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: New advances Source Type: research
This study is aimed at measuring the thyroxine requirement in hypothyroid patients with UC. Patients and Methods: Among 8,573 patients with thyroid disorders consecutively seen in our referral center from 2010 to 2017, we identified 34 patients with a definite diagnosis of UC. Thirteen of them were hypothyroid (12 F/1 M; median age = 53 years), bearing UC during the remission phase and in need for thyroxine treatment, thus representing the study group. The dose of T4 required by UC patients has been compared to the one observed in 51 similarly treated age- and weight-matched patients, compliant with treatment and clearly ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Ethnic variations in some SSc disease manifestations are observed. However, this does not result in significant differences in short-term survival but may affect longterm survival. PMID: 30824634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
We present a case of a 75-year-old woman with a longstanding history of CREST syndrome complicated by a digital ulceration and persistent pain associated with recalcitrant Raynaud phenomenon. After failing a number of first-line pharmacologic therapies such as diltiazem, sildenafil, and topical nitropaste, the patient was started on a trial of botulinum toxin for the left second digit, with 10 unit injections into both webspaces for a total of 20 units. Following injection, the patient reported no further baseline pain in the affected finger and an over fifty-percent improvement in discomfort with...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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