The DNABII family of proteins is comprised of the only nucleoid associated proteins required for nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae biofilm structure

Abstract Biofilms play a central role in the pathobiology of otitis media (OM), bronchitis, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, and pneumonia caused by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI). Our previous studies show that extracellular DNA (eDNA) and DNABII proteins are essential components of biofilms formed by NTHI. The DNABII protein family includes integration host factor (IHF) and the histone‐like protein HU and plays a central role in NTHI biofilm structural integrity. We demonstrated that immunological targeting of these proteins during NTHI‐induced experimental OM in a chinchilla model caused rapid clearance of biofilms from the middle ear. Given the essential role of DNABII proteins in maintaining the structure of an NTHI biofilm, we investigated whether any of the other nucleoid associated proteins (NAPs) expressed by NTHI might play a similar role, thereby serving as additional target(s) for intervention. We demonstrated that although several NAPs including H‐NS, CbpA, HfQ and Dps are present within the biofilm extracellular matrix, only the DNABII family of proteins is critical for the structural integrity of the biofilms formed by NTHI. We have also demonstrated that IHF and HU are located at distinct regions within the extracellular matrix of NTHI biofilms formed in vitro, indicative of independent functions of these two proteins. Although several NAPs including H‐NS, CbpA, HfQ and Dps are present within the biofilm extracellular matrix, only the DNABII fami...
Source: MicrobiologyOpen - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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