Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome

The metabolic syndrome —otherwise called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven syndrome, and “the deadly quartet”—is the name given to the aggregate of clinical conditions comprising central and abdominal obesity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance (or type 2 diabetes mellitus), and atherogenic dy slipidemia. It is a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state characterized by increased inflammatory cytokine activity. In addition to inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, lichen planus, and hidradenitis suppurativa, metabolic syndrome is also commonly associated with accelerated atheroscleroti c cardiovascular disease, hyperuricemia/gout, chronic kidney disease, and obstructive sleep apnea.
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research

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We present a young female patient (36 years) admitted to Department of Ophthalmology due to visual loss on the left eye. Magnetic resonance imaging showed demyelinating lesions in frontal and parietal lobe, periventricularly, in mesencephalon and right cerebellar hemisphere, and left optic neuritis; magnetic resonance angiography was normal. The patient's history revealed renal dysfunction, hypothyroidism, and miscarriage in the 6th month of pregnancy due to eclampsia, and Fabry disease in family (mother and two sisters). She was transferred to the Department of Neurology for further evaluation of the demyelinating disorde...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
WEST NILE VIRUS INFECTION WITH NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS: A CASE REPORT AND A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE SITUATION IN BULGARIA. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Sep;58(3):546-549 Authors: Baymakova M, Christova I, Panayotova E, Trifonova I, Chobanov A, Daskalov I, Popov GT, Plochev K Abstract A case of a 66-year-old man with West Nile neuroinvassive disease manifested with fever, weakness, fatigue, consciousness disorders and underlying diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases is presented. Laboratory data showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen. Serological tests revealed West Nile virus ...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
In conclusion, breastfeeding for longer than 6 months is a protective factor for overweight and obesity in 6-to 11-year-old children in Croatia, but not for healthy lifestyle development. PMID: 31969761 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
In conclusion, an age dependent decrease of HRV occurs in MUO between the third and fifth decade of life. In MHO, HF significantly decreases around the age of 40 years. Cardiometabolic profile influences metabolic aging, altering the autonomic nervous system. PMID: 31969754 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
In conclusion, children younger than 5 years, especially boys, were vulnerable groups for pandemic influenza, presenting as a mild disease with low mortality and few complications. Most of the affected children with influenza did not have important risk factors such as asthma and obesity, highlighted by other authors as significant risk factors. PMID: 31969753 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
This study has been carried out to examine the effect of SSF by Rhizopus oryzae on the bioactive content, bioactivity, bioaccessibility and bioavailability of 4 different varieties of rice bran. In vitro digestion with dialysis was carried out to assess the bioavailability and bioaccessibility of rice bran bioactives. Methanolic extracts and digested fractions of fermented and unfermented rice brans were analyzed for total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid (TF), carotenoid (TC), and total anthocyanin content (TAC). Additionally, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory property and the anti-diabetic property was also evaluated. The...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Irshad Ahmad, Muddasarul HodaAbstractResveratrol is an important phenolic phytochemical from the therapeutic perspective. It has therapeutic impacts over wide range of diseases, especially the ones related to oxidative stress. Resveratrol, being primarily a potent anti-oxidant phytochemical, has significant impact against major diseases as inflammatory disorders, diabetes, and cancer. In the current review article, we intend to highlight the molecular aspects of the mechanism of action of resveratrol against major diabetic implications, namel...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated different bioactive compounds in marine resources that may be potentially useful in treating or managing diabetes, as well as describe the various therapeutic mechanisms affecting diabetes and its complications, including inhibition of α-amylase, α-glucosidase, β -glucosidase, glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β), lipase, aldose reductase, protein tyrosine phosphatases 1B (PTP1B) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV   (DPP-4), prevention of insulin resistance, increased phosphorylation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and adjusting the metabolism of glucose ...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsContinuously delivering electrically generated NO through a Scoop catheter produces vasodilation of the pulmonary vasculature of awake lambs with pulmonary hypertension. Transtracheal NO delivery may provide a long-term treatment for patients with chronic pulmonary hypertension as an outpatient without requiring a mask or tracheal intubation.
Source: Nitric Oxide - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Jiayi Wu, Xiaoyan Yang, Jiaan Huang, Yanping Kuang, Qiuju Chen, Yun WangAbstractResearch questionDoes the preconception BMI affect the neonatal outcomes in patients with endometriosis who conceive with IVF?DesignThis retrospective study included 7086 women who delivered a singleton live birth through IVF between December 2006 and December 2017. Of these, 1111 were diagnosed with endometriosis by laparoscopy or laparotomy, while 5975 women received IVF treatment due to tubal factor or male factor infertility.Women were catego...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
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