Using Microsimulation to Estimate the Future Health and Economic Costs of Salmonellosis under Climate Change in Central Queensland, Australia

Conclusion: We applied a microsimulation approach to estimate the costs of salmonellosis and its sequelae in Queensland during 2016–2036 under baseline conditions and according to climate change projections. This novel application of microsimulation models demonstrates the models’ potential utility to researchers for examining complex interactions between weather and disease to estimate future costs. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1370 Received: 14 November 2016 Revised: 8 November 2017 Accepted: 8 November 2017 Published: 11 December 2017 Address correspondence to D. Stephen, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, QLD, 4001 Australia. Telephone: 61 402 559 447. Email: dimity.stephen3@gmail.com; Adrian Barnett, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, QLD, 4001 Australia; Telephone: 61 07 3138 6010. Email: a.barnett@qut.edu.au Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1370). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis study showed that natalizumab dominated fingolimod with lower costs and higher QALYs in patients with high-activity RRMS. These results are consistent with previous published international literature.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Louis Jacob, Lee Smith, Sarah E. Jackson, Jae Il Shin, Josep Maria Haro, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Ai KoyanagiAbstractData on the association between informal caregiving and physical activity (PA) levels are scarce, especially from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Furthermore, previous research has yielded conflicting results. Thus, we investigated this association in adults from 38 LMICs. Data from the World Health Survey (WHS), a cross-sectional, predominantly nationally representative survey conducted in 2002–2...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study is a retrospective one concerning patients admit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
Preservation techniques have evolved over the years to respond to the need of longer dissection periods, with formaldehyde being widely used for this purpose. In recent years efforts have been focusing on reducing the health hazards of this fixative and th...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
ConclusionsThere is a need for better training of healthcare providers to be inclusive and reduce denial rates of their transgender and nonbinary patients. However, it is also clear that current rates of denial must be considered through a whole-person lens, considering the experience of concurrent oppressed identities and recognizing the increased risk those with multiple marginalized identities experience in being denied needed health care.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsExperiences of healthcare discrimination are not homogeneous across transgender help-seekers. Predictors of the latent classes indicated that transgender help-seekers holding an additional marginalized identity may be at higher risk for healthcare discrimination or care from providers with limited trans-competence. Targeted engagement and education interventions might improve these transgender help-seekers’ access to and connections with care.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The authors found a substantial return on investment using both the human capital approach and the value of a statistical life-year approach. In addition, the authors found that trips emphasizing education had a net economic benefit. Cost-benefit analyses have substantial financial implications and will aid policy makers in developing cost-reduction strategies to promote surgery in low- and middle-income countries. PMID: 31985644 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Plast Reconstr Surg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:: Carpal tunnel release under platelet inhibition with acetylsalicylic acid is safe and can be performed without interruption of such medication. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III. PMID: 31985640 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Plast Reconstr Surg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Ana M. Ortiz, Sebnem Ataman
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Peter C. Taylor, Shing T. LawAbstractThe outlook for people living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has improved tremendously in a generation. Major contributions to this include recognition of the importance of early treatment initiation, improved understanding of the pathobiology, the identification of therapeutic targets and their subsequent validation in clinic trials and the realisation of the importance of ‘tight control’ of inflammatory responses. Despite these advances, many patients meeti...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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