Transgender venous thrombosis

A 53-year-old male-to-female transgender patient on cross-sex hormone replacement therapy (CSHT), estradiol 8 mg daily, presented to the emergency department (ED) with acute-onset headache and left visual field disturbances after a recent mechanical fall with head trauma. The medical history was notable for hyperlipidemia. There was no personal or family history of clotting disorders and no history of tobacco use.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cerebral venous thrombosis Case Source Type: research

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Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare, difficult-to-diagnose form of venous thromboembolic disease and is considered a type of stroke. Its presentation is highly variable and may be easily confused for more common and less debilitating or life-threatening diagnoses such as migraine, seizure, or idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Ultrasound in Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Semin Neurol 2018; 38: 627-633 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1673681Headache is a neurologic disorder that displays gender dichotomy. It is well established that there is a strong link between migraine headache and sex hormones, specifically estrogen, which influences the severity of migraines during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Furthermore, the epidemiology of headaches during pregnancy and the postpartum period is very distinct from that in males or nonpregnant females, in part due to the hemodynamic and hematologic changes that occur during pregnancy. These changes put women at higher risk for cerebral venous th...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Deep cerebral venous system thrombosis (DCVST) is an uncommon variety of thrombosis that accounts for 11% of cases of cerebral venous thrombosis. Thalamostriate vein (TSV) thrombosis is further rare among patients with DCVST. Although patients with cerebral venous thrombosis commonly have characteristic neurological deficits including headache, deterioration of consciousness, and seizures, patients with DCVST do not necessarily show such symptoms. Therefore, diagnose of DCVST is sometimes difficult.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
This article discusses pregnancy-related considerations for meningioma, pituitary disorders, demyelinating disease, myasthenia gravis, thyroid eye disease, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, stroke, migraine, and cranial neuropathies. The article also details the potential neuro-ophthalmic complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia and reviews the use of common diagnostic studies during pregnancy.
Source: Neurologic Clinics - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:Clinical and molecular characterization of the first 5 Hungarian cases with ADAMTS13 mutations was presented. Compound heterozygous, damaging ADAMTS13 mutations with deficient plasma ADAMTS13 activity were associated with serious clinical consequences. In case of thrombotic microangiopathy in young patients with stroke, or HELLP syndrome, complete workup for ADAMTS13 activity and inhibitors is necessary, and genetic analysis should be considered. Three new ADAMTS13 mutations (c.1016_1017delCA, c.3199T>A , c.2839C>T) were identified and shown to be associated with decreased plasma ADAMTS13 activity.Disclos...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function Source Type: research
ConclusionMGUS is often incidentally detected as part of a work up for other medical conditions, and our results reveal that there is a variety of reasons for which monoclonal testing is performed. With recent developments in our understanding of the significance of monoclonal gammopathy and its association with certain renal and organ damage (Fermand et al., 2018; Leung et al., 2012), there may be a change in how the paraproteinemia investigations are utilized by clinicians in different disciplines. It will be important to recognize and establish appropriate indications for testing. Furthermore, MGUS patients present with...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 651. Myeloma: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster III Source Type: research
Introduction: Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke and is more likely to affect young adults and children. Women have a three-fold increased risk compared to men, owing to gender specific factors such as oral contraceptive use (OCP), pregnancy, and hormone replacement therapies. The presenting symptoms of CVT are non-specific and include headache, seizure, focal neurological deficits, or coma as the most severe presentation. The rarity and variable symptoms of the disease leads to delayed diagnosis and implementation of treatment. With improved imaging techniques and increased awareness in recent y...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster II Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Migraine with aura responsible for 18% of improper thrombolytic treatments
Source: MedPage Today Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: news
Alcohol is embedded in our society, and it is difficult to be in a public space without seeing a reference to alcohol or being offered a drink. Alcohol is broken down in the liver by an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase. People with a variant in this enzyme have issues with metabolizing alcohol and can develop total body flushing or reddening of the skin. Alcohol consumption has been associated with pregnancy defects, liver disease, pancreatitis, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, stroke, cancer, addiction issues, and physical injury (trauma to self/others with acute intoxication). The health benefits of alcoh...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alcohol Headache Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsCerebral venous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon and tricky condition with unpredictable presentation and prognosis. A physician needs to have a high index of suspicion to diagnose it, especially when the patient presents with uncomplicated complaints. These simple complaints, such as headaches, usually lead to misdiagnosis and delay the appropriate diagnosis and management.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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