Management of pain in end ‐stage renal disease patients: Short review

Abstract Pain management in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is a complex and challenging task to accomplish, and effective pain and symptom control improves quality of life. Pain is prevalent in more than 50% of hemodialysis patients and up to 75% of these patients are treated ineffectively due to its poor recognition by providers. A good history for PQRST factors and intensity assessment using visual analog scale are the initial steps in the management of pain followed by involvement of palliative care, patient and family counseling, discussion of treatment options, and correction of reversible causes. First line should be conservative management such as exercise, massage, heat/cold therapy, acupuncture, meditation, distraction, music therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Analgesics are introduced according to WHO guidelines (by the mouth, by the clock, by the ladder, for the individual, and attention to detail) using three‐step analgesic ladder model. Neuropathic pain can be controlled by gabapentin and pregabalin. Substitution/addition of opioid analgesics are indicated if pain control is not optimal. Commonly used opioids in ESRD patients are tramadol, oxycodone, hydromorphone, fentanyl, methadone, and buprenorphine. Methadone, fentanyl, and buprenorphine are the ideal analgesics in ESRD. However, complex pain syndrome requires multidrug analgesic regimen comprising opioids, non‐opioids, and adjuvant medication, which should be individualized to the patie...
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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We report a successful case of hepatic ductoplasty combined with hepaticojejunostomy (H-J) for the treatment of iatrogenic Bismuth type 2 stricture.Presentation of caseThe patient was a 68-year-woman who had undergone choledochojejunostomy (C-J) 6 years earlier due to bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. She complained of recurrent chills and upper back pain. Cholangiography and computed tomography revealed a C-J anastomotic stricture with hepatolithiasis. The diagnosis was reflux cholangitis with hepatolithiasis due to C-J stricture and a fistula between the reconstructed jejunal limb an...
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Li P, Tang W, Che B, Wang K, Zou K, Jin Z, Zhou F, Zhuang Y Abstract The present study investigated the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty and alendronate sodium on thoracolumbar vertebral fracture, and the risk factors leading to the recurrence of fracture. In the present study, a total of 80 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fracture who were admitted to the Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College between January 2014 and March 2016 for combination treatment of percutaneous kyphoplasty and alendronate sodium were enrolled. According to the recurrence of fracture, the pa...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zuo Q, Gao F, Song H, Zhou J Abstract The aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical value of Ilizarov transverse tibial bone transport and microcirculation reconstruction in the treatment of chronic ischemic diseases in lower limbs. A total of 90 patients with chronic ischemic diseases in lower limbs were selected and randomly divided into two groups: The observation group (n=45) and the control group (n=45). Those patients were treated with Ilizarov transverse tibial bone transport and microcirculation reconstruction, and percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PTBA), respectively. Changes in the ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Lee SY, Lim S, Cho DH Abstract A 16-year-old female with Ewing sarcoma, a very rare disease with poor prognosis in women, was admitted to the hospital with abdominal pain. Diagnostic laparotomy revealed the Ewing sarcoma originating from the extramural uterus. Histological examination yielded positive test results for CD99, vimentin, S-100, eosin 5-maleimide and periodic acid-Shiff. EWS-FLI1 type 1 translocation was confirmed. Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 4 (c.1162G> A) and HRas proto-oncogene (HRAS; c.182A> G) mutations were also detected. At eight months following complete remission, pe...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Xue Y, Yuan H, Chen Y Abstract Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for abdominal surgery has been widely studied in clinical settings. However, dexmedetomidine as an adjunctive analgesic combined with TAP block has been rarely reported. The present study evaluated the efficacy of TAP block combined with dexmedetomidine adjunct for gynecological laparoscopy. In brief, 90 patients were randomly divided into three groups: Group I, which received post-operative intravenous analgesia only after general anesthesia; Group II, which received a TAP block with 20 ml 0.375% ropivacaine; and Grou...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Vassilopoulou L, Matalliotakis M, Zervou MI, Matalliotaki C, Spandidos DA, Matalliotakis I, Goulielmos GN Abstract The aim of the present review was to discuss a matter of concern in the clinical field of obstetrics/gynecology, namely the potency of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in the management of endometriosis-associated infertility. Endometriosis is a medical condition affecting one tenth of women in their fertile years, and accounts for up to 50% of infertile women. Thus, such high prevalence has established the necessity for investigating the effectiveness of available techniques in eradicating the di...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: We conclude that there is no difference between bougie and balloon dilation of BESs regarding symptomatic relief, recurrence rate at 12 months, bleeding, and perforation. Patients undergoing balloon dilation present less severe postprocedure pain. PMID: 30116265 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Berry R, Han J, Girotra M, Tabibian JH Abstract Hemobilia refers to bleeding from and/or into the biliary tract and is an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Hemobilia has been documented since the 1600s, but due to its relative rarity, it has only been more critically examined in recent decades. Most cases of hemobilia are iatrogenic and caused by procedures involving the liver, pancreas, bile ducts, and/or the hepatopancreatobiliary vasculature, with trauma and malignancy representing the two other major causes. A classic triad of right upper quadrant pain, jaundice, and overt upper gastrointe...
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease known to affect a variety of organ systems. Patients with SLE are more prone to developing common infections that can mimic the complications of SLE. As such, it is essential to differentiate complications of SLE from infection to ensure appropriate management and to improve morbidity and mortality of this patient population. Here we present a 24-year-old, Hispanic male, with SLE complicated by dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient presented to the emergency room with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pa...
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results suggest that suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are prevalent among women of middle-age attending a public primary care center in Durango City. This is the first report of an association between suicide attempts and reflexes impairment. Factors associated with suicide attempts found in this study may help in the design of preventive measures against suicide. PMID: 30116439 [PubMed]
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
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