Participation and interest in support services among family caregivers of older adults with cancer
ConclusionsA large proportion of family caregivers, including those experiencing depression and anxiety symptoms and who were underprepared, are not using formal support services but have a strong interest in services. Strategies to increase service use may include targeting distressed caregivers early in their caregiving experience.
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The current status and future potential targets of non –18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) in 3 major gynecologic malignancies are discussed. Estrogen receptor–based 16alpha-18F-fluoro-17beta-estradiol (18F-FES) PET/CT has been investigated in (a) Uterine malignancies (both endometrial and myometrial pathologies) and ( b) ovarian carcinoma. For uterine tumors, FDG/FES standardized uptake value and/or uptake ratio showed a positive correlation with malignant transformation (ie, endometrial carcinoma and uterine sarcoma) and higher malignant grades, whereas higher 18F-FES uptake was...
The goal of this review is to discuss the current utility of fluorine-18 –fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)–PET for radiation oncologists who treat gynecologic malignancies. FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) is recommended for baseline assessment in cervical cancer and for staging in vulvar and vaginal cancer. The authors use FDG-PET/CT in definitive radiation treatment planni ng for cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancer. PET may be helpful for salvage radiation treatment planning for any recurrent gynecologic malignancy. There are published data to support the use of PET in posttreatment evaluation of cervical and vulvar cancer.
PET and PET/computed tomography play a role in the staging, monitoring of response to therapy, and surveillance for cervical and ovarian cancers. Currently, it is also an integral part of the assessment of patients with endometrial cancer and other gynecologic malignancies, such as vaginal and vulvar cancers and uterine sarcomas. In this article, we discuss in detail and highlight the potential role of PET and PET/computed tomography in evaluating these gynecologic malignancies using illustrative cases with relevant imaging findings.
CONCLUSIONS: The risk of cancer is low in Korean patients with AAV. PMID: 29465366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Merdler-Rabinowicz R, Hassidim A, Hellou R, Merdler I, Hauser W, Ablin JN Abstract OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress is thought to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of autoimmune diseases in general, as well as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in particular. The aims of the current study are to compare retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment and lifetime major life/traumatic experiences of American and Israeli RA patients, using standardised instruments, while adjusting for concomitant mental disorders and psychological distress, in order to rule out their part in the subjective...
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that depression is prevalent in patients with SLE and multiple factors are associated with depression in SLE. These data could help guide target programmes for those at high risk of depression in SLE. PMID: 29465349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Previous studies have shown that perfectionism can lead to depression, but new research suggests that self-compassion might also play a crucial role in this relationship, offsetting the harms of the former.
Authors: Lombardi P, Marino D, Fenocchio E, Chilà G, Aglietta M, Leone F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are a heterogeneous group of cancers, characterized by low incidence but poor prognosis. Even after complete surgical resection for early stage, relapse is frequent and the lack of effective treatments contributes to the dismal prognosis. To date, the only standard treatment in first-line is cisplatin/gemcitabine combination, whereas no standard in 2nd-line has been defined. Hence, the current goal is to better understand the biology of BTCs, discovering new treatment methods and impro...