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Is seeing believing in imaging artificial intelligence?

Sometimes seeing is believing. An imaging artificial intelligence algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Video from RSNA 2017: How will AI change radiology? Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists? Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Conclusion: This study identified a set of deregulated circRNAs in active TB PBMCs, our data also suggest that hsa_circRNA_001937 can be used as a potential diagnostic biomarker of TB.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;45:1230 –1240
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to assess the incidence, clinical characteristics, risk factors and outcomes for intensive care unit (ICU) patients with CMV detection by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL).
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
Conclusions: The overlap of pleural VEGF levels between the groups may limit the value of VEGF in discriminating between malignant versus benign and exudative versus transudative effusions; however, it may be a useful adjunct to various methods. The VEGF levels in pleural fluid seem to be related to the degree of inflammation and pleural invasion.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
BANGKOK 29 January 2018 – The World Health Organization’s first release of surveillance data on antibiotic resistance reveals high levels of resistance to a number of serious bacterial infections in both high- and low-income countries. WHO’s new Global Antimicrobial Surveillance System (known as GLASS) reveals widespread occurrence of antibiotic resistance among 500 000 people with suspected bacterial infections across 22 countries.  The most commonly reported resistant bacteria were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, followed by Salmo...
Source: WHO EMRO News - Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: In this large multi-centre cohort collaboration with standardized assignment of causes of death, non-AIDS mortality was twice as high among patients with an ADE compared to without an ADE. However, non-AIDS related mortality after an ADE depended on the ADE of interest. Although there may be unmeasured confounders, these findings suggest that a common pathway may be independently driving both ADEs and NADE mortality. While prevention of ADEs may reduce subsequent death due to NADEs following ART initiation, modification of risk factors for NADE mortality remains important after ADE survival. PMID: 29334197...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Authors: Silva RMD, Freitas FGR, Bafi AT, Silva Junior HT, Roza BA Abstract INTRODUCTION: The lungs are often involved in a variety of complications after kidney transplantation. Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is one of the most serious manifestations of pulmonary involvement. OBJECTIVE: To describe the main causes of ARF in kidney transplant patients who require intensive care and identify the factors associated with mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated adult patients with ARF admitted to the intensive care unit of a center with high volume of transplants from August 2013 to August 2015....
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
By HUGH HARVEY, MD Artificial intelligence requires data. Ideally that data should be clean, trustworthy and above all, accurate. Unfortunately, medical data is far from it. In fact medical data is sometimes so far removed from being clean, it’s positively dirty. Consider the simple chest X-ray, the good old-fashioned posterior-anterior radiograph of the thorax. One of the longest standing radiological techniques in the medical diagnostic armoury, performed across the world by the billions. So many in fact, that radiologists struggle to keep up with the sheer volume, and sometimes forget to read the odd 23,000 of the...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AI Data Hugh Harvey Radiology Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Presepsin concentrations in APTB patients were slightly increased, and may be helpful for initial discrimination between APTB and BCAP.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Proteomics. Clinical Applications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The expression of presepsin in active pulmonary tuberculosis (APTB) is unknown. We observed the expression of presepsin in APTB, and to evaluate the value for discriminating between APTB and bacterial community acquired pneumonia (BCAP). METHODS: Consecutive APTB patients who were accurately diagnosed by sputum culture and BCAP patients were enrolled from August 2013 to July 2015. Clinical data were collected, and plasma presepsin concentrations were tested. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed for diagnostic analysis. RESULTS: In all, 133 healthy individuals...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
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