Is seeing believing in imaging artificial intelligence?

Sometimes seeing is believing. An imaging artificial intelligence algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Video from RSNA 2017: How will AI change radiology? Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists? Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Related Links:

Suicide is one of the most devastating and perplexing of all human behaviors. Whereas the mortality rate for many leading causes of death (eg, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and influenza) has declined over the past century, the suicide rate is virtually iden...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Despite a significant reduction in paediatric inpatient mortality in Malawi, infectious diseases remain the predominant cause. ABBREVIATIONS: ART: anti-retroviral therapy; Child PIP: Child Healthcare Problem Identification Programme; CCF: congestive cardiac failure; CNS: central nervous system; CoNS: coagulase-negative staphylococci; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; DNA pcr: deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction; ETAT: emergency triage assessment and treatment; LMIC: low- and middle-income countries; MDG: Millennium Development Goals; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphyloc...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings broaden the scope of phenotypes caused by mutations in NFKB1. We suspect that this heterozygous mutation of NFKB1 may lead to fewer immunoglobulins produced.Onset was delayed for this patient, at the age of 20. His son is 25 years old now, with moderately reduced levels of IgG but without symptoms. We suspect that he may be ill in the future and recommended that he seek genetic counseling when he is ready to have a child.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections: Poster II Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the first real-world experience with ibrutinib monotherapy for CLL and MCL in Brazil. Overall, treatment was well tolerated with no unexpected toxicities. No atrial fibrillation or bleeding AEs were reported. Of 32 patients with relapsed/refractory CLL, 24 (80%) remained on therapy, 4 (12.5%) discontinued due to AEs, 1 (3.1%) each died or experienced disease progression. Among 13 patients with relapsed/refractory MCL, 5 (38.5%) remained on the therapy, 3 (23.1%) died and 5 (38.5%) experienced disease progression.DisclosuresChiattone: Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding. Fogliatto: Novartis: Consultanc...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation Source Type: research
Conclusion: Combined treatment with ruxolitinib and etanercept resulted in a rapid CR to visceral aGVHD and meanwhile reserve graft anti-leukemia (GVL) effect as the relapse rate of primary disease is relatively lower. The various infection complications associated with ruxolitinib merit more attention.Figure.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 722. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Acute and Chronic GVHD, Immune Reconstitution: Poster III Source Type: research
Suicide is one of the most devastating and perplexing of all human behaviors. Whereas the mortality rate for many leading causes of death (eg, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and influenza) has declined over the past century, the suicide rate is virtually identical to what it was 100 years ago. Our lack of progress in suicide prevention is in large part owing to our limited understanding of this problem. Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) rarely occur in a research laboratory where they can be carefully probed, and we have not had the technology to study them in situ. As a result, we lack a firm understanding of the fundament...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this study, we developed and validated a deep learning algorithm that classified clinically important abnormalities in chest radiographs at a performance level comparable to practicing radiologists. Once tested prospectively in clinical settings, the algorithm could have the potential to expand patient access to chest radiograph diagnostics.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Tuberculosis is granulomatous infectious disease. In its pathogenesis are involved various immunological reactions.The aim of this paper is to evaluate the initial levels of lysozyme as a representative of innate immune system and adenosine deaminase which is present in T lymphocytes and produce in the process of their maturation.Patients and Methods: the study was performed on 81 patients, 45 with pulmonary TB (26 males and 19 females) and 36 patients ( 26 with malignant diseases of the lung and 12 patients with pneumonia) as a control group.Results: the examination of the initial level of lysozyme showed statisticaly sig...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results showed higher PN levels were associated with PTB. A cut-off value of ≥233 ng/mL could be used as an additional indicator to define PTB. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusion: The pillars of radiological diagnosis of destructive pulmonary TB are less thickness of the cavity wall, even interior contouring, rounded polygonal form. Non-tuberculous and cancer cavities are characterized by thicker walls, uneven interior contouring, polygonal fissured form.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
More News: Learning | Lung Transplant | Pneumonia | Radiology | Tuberculosis | Universities & Medical Training | X-Ray