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Is seeing believing in imaging artificial intelligence?

Sometimes seeing is believing. An imaging artificial intelligence algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Video from RSNA 2017: How will AI change radiology? Can AI diagnose pneumonia better than radiologists? Deep learning shows promise for bone age assessment AI algorithm predicts lung disease, adverse events on CT Can AI accurately diagnose tuberculosis from chest x-rays?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Most cases of pediatric HIV were acquired via perinatal transmission; few mothers were diagnosed before delivery; and among mothers with known HIV status, PMTCT was suboptimal even after national PMTCT policy was implemented. Most children were diagnosed with advanced disease. These findings underscore the need for improving early pediatric HIV diagnosis and treatment, as well as PMTCT strategies.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
In this study, a repetitive aerosol infection model using Mycobacterium tuberculosis was used to generate cavities in 20 New Zealand White rabbits. Serial computed tomography was performed to monitor cavity progression over 14 weeks.
Source: American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research
In this study, a repetitive aerosol infection model using Mycobacterium tuberculosis was used to generate cavities in 20 New Zealand White rabbits. Serial computed tomography was performed to monitor cavity progression over 14 weeks. 3D reconstructions were compiled for each time point, allowing comprehensive four-dimensional cavity mapping. Terminally, cavities were processed for histopathology. Cavities progressed rapidly from areas of consolidation, and often showed a pattern of explosive growth followed by gradual contraction. Cavities formed preferentially in the caudodorsal lung fields, and were frequently subpleural...
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research
Chinese researchers found that digital tomosynthesis with a metal artifact...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: CAD of chest tomosynthesis works best for new readers Digital tomo refines postoperative imaging of hand fractures Digital tomosynthesis works well for spinal tuberculosis DR tomosynthesis gives wrist radiography a hand DR tomo holds promise for fungal pneumonia surveillance
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Discussion Normal kidneys regulate water balance to maintain a plasma osmolality of 275-290 mOsm/kg normally. Thirst and arginine vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) are the primary regulators of plasma osmolality. ADH is made in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland. ADH acts on the kidney’s distal collecting duct to increase water reabsorption. ADH is appropriately released in hypovolemic states, such as dehydration caused by gastroenteritis. ADH has an ~10 minute half-life and therefore can respond to rapid changes in volume status. Sodium balance is regulated by aldosterone (as part...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Authors: Hançerli Törün S, Acar EM, Somer A, Erköse G, Şatana D, Bayramoğlu Z, Çalışkan E, Kılıçaslan Z Abstract Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem worldwide. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infection that occurs in childhood is caused by adult MDR-TB agents which are in circulation and resistant to primary drugs. In this case report a 17-month-old child with MDR-TB who was cured after a 24-month therapy regimen was presented. Physical examination of a 17-month-old girl admitted to the hospital with the cause of recurrent pneumonia revealed a rubb...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Reechaipichitkul W, Suleesathira T, Chaimanee P Abstract Among infectious agents, Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains one of the most significant causes of death worldwide. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) remains a great challenge. GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay is a novel integrated diagnostic system for rapid diagnosis of TB and particularly of rifampicin-resistant strains. A study was conducted between January 2010 and December 2014 to compare the performance of the sputum GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay with the conventional sputum AFB smear for diagnosis of active pulmonary TB in Thailand,...
Source: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2018 Source:Respiratory Medicine Case Reports Author(s): Mohammed Abdalla, Pavel Sinyagoskiy, Wiam Mohammed, Amro Abdelghani A 58 years old male who was admitted to the intensive care unit for septic shock secondary to pneumonia, he has Crohn's disease currently treated with Vedolizumab and previously with infliximab. He was started on broad spectrum antibiotics and vasopressors for treatment of septic shock without improvement in the following days, sputum & blood cultures were negative. Bronchoscopy was done for non-resolving pneumonia work up, broncheoalveolar lavage smear...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The risk of death due to infectious causes after kidney transplantation in Finland dropped by one half since the 1990s. Common bacterial infections remained the most frequent cause of infection-related mortality, whereas opportunistic viral, fungal, or unconventional bacterial infections rarely caused deaths after kidney transplantation. PMID: 29622669 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
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