Plaque volume and plaque risk profile in diabetic vs. non-diabetic patients undergoing lipid-lowering therapy: a study based on 3D intravascular ultrasound and virtual histology

Coronary atherosclerosis progresses faster in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and causes higher morbidity and mortality in such patients compared to non-diabetics ones (non-DM). We quantify changes in pla...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The formula by Hsieh might be considered the best for fetal weight estimation in diabetic pregnancies. The combination of the best formulas might improve the accuracy of estimation. None of the formulas were accurate enough to predict fetal macrosomia.Fetal Diagn Ther
Source: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
The objectives were to examine pregnancy outcomes in adolescent primigravida and to determine the effects of adolescent pregnancy on pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). A retrospective analysis of pregnancy outcomes was carried out in 2440 adolescent primigravida, compared with 14,259 primigravida aged 20-29 years. The adolescents had significantly higher rates of maternal death, maternal heart disease, PIH, puerperal infection, chorioamnionitis, urinary tract infection, foetal anomaly, preterm delivery, low birth weight, low Apgar scores and stillbirth. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both old...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
We examined the relationship of plasma leptin with cortical and trabecular bone components in patients with type  2 diabetes mellitus.Materials and MethodsThe present cross ‐sectional study included 182 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (93 men, 89 women). Cortical thickness (CoTh) and trabecular bone mineral density (BMD) were determined at the 5.5% distal radius using an LD‐100 ultrasonic bone densitometry device. Plasma leptin along with physical and laboratory measurements was simultaneously determined.ResultsPlasma leptin, but not body mass index (BMI), was inversely correlated with CoTh ( ρ =&n...
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions Our study demonstrated that serum fetuin-B had an independent association with NAFLD in patients with T2DM.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to use RNA-Seq to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in muscle tissue (longissimus thoracis) of Nellore cattle divergently ranked on marbling, in order to increase our understanding of genes involved in the expression of this trait. The results revealed 49 DEGs and three hub genes (CISH, UFM1, TSHZ1), all of them involved in insulin and diabetes mellitus metabolism. These results indicating key genes and pathways, which may help to develop strategies designed to select animals with greater marbling. PMID: 31170441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Genomics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Sara Belga, Will Chen, Gavin Low, Carlos CerveraAbstractXanthogranulomatous (XG) prostatitis is a rare form of granulomatous prostatitis characterized by a benign inflammatory process of non-specific etiology that clinically may mimic carcinoma. Few cases have been reported in the English language medical literature, with only four reported cases presenting as prostatic abscesses. A 70-year-old male with type 2 diabetes mellitus and two previous kidney transplants presented with septic shock secondary to Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia 4 days after u...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We examined the relationship of plasma leptin with cortical and trabecular bone components in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Materials and MethodsThis cross ‐sectional study included 182 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (93 males, 89 females). Cortical thickness and trabecular bone mineral density were determined at the 5.5% distal radius using an LD‐100 ultrasonic bone densitometry device. Plasma leptin along with physical and laboratory measureme nts were simultaneously determined.ResultsPlasma leptin, but not body mass index, was inversely correlated with cortical thickness ( ρ=‐0.487, p
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
To analyze the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the presence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Total 411 T2DM patients were divided into NAFLD and control groups. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasound. Retinopathy was diagnosed by fundus photography. All patients were screened based on medical history, physical examinations, and laboratory measurements. The prevalence of NAFLD and DR in T2DM patients was 60.8% and 40.9%, respectively. The presence of DR was associated with diabetes duration, systolic blood pressure (SBP), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Abstract This retrospective study investigated predisposing factors and ultrasound features in dogs (n = 36) and cats (n = 2) with emphysematous cystitis (EC). Urinary tract infection was present in 25 patients (65.8%), impaired immune system in 10 (26.3%), bladder stones in 9 (23.7%) and neurologic bladder in 7 (18.4%). Diabetes mellitus was present in only 4 patients (10.5%). Most patients had positive urine culture (n = 35; 92.1%), with elevated concentration of Escherichia coli in 25 patients (71.4%). The most common ultrasound features were diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder (n = 15; 39.5%), polyps (n ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research
Dominique E. Martin1,2, Amanda K. Jones1,3, Sambhu M. Pillai1,4, Maria L. Hoffman1,5, Katelyn K. McFadden1,6, Steven A. Zinn1, Kristen E. Govoni1 and Sarah A. Reed1* 1Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States 2Department of Psychology, Providence College, Providence, RI, United States 3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Aurora, CO, United States 4School of Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States 5Department of Fisheries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United St...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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