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Gas station installs blue lights to combat drug use

An unlikely front line has emerged in America's opioid epidemic: public restrooms.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Some automation brings benefits, saysRoger Backhouse, but people need human interaction too; while 13 signatories to a letter say that Christmas is the perfect time to tackle the UK ’s loneliness epidemicTwo connected stories in Monday ’s Guardian: Tom Watson asks us to“embrace an android” while Rachel Reeves describes society ’s sixth giant evil as a “crisis of loneliness”.Replacing people with machines decreases opportunities for social interactions helping many feel integrated. Self-service in shops, libraries, banks and other places means people can go all day without conversat...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Robots Social exclusion Health & wellbeing Technology Artificial intelligence (AI) Computing Consciousness Retail industry Business Society Virgin Trains Rail transport UK news Psychology Source Type: news
Source: BMJ - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We report on the individual histological features and scoring systems of NAFLD: the NAFLD activity score (NAS) introduced by the NASH-Clinical Research Network, the "Fatty Liver Inhibition of Progression" algorithm and Steatosis, Activity, and Fibrosis (SAF) score. Pros and cons of histological classifications in NASH are discussed. Special emphasis is given to liver histopathology in some high-risk patient groups, such as those with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes. Moreover, we also examine the relationship between liver histopathology and clinical features, and the impact of liver histopathology on the long-...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Mérens A, Bigaillon C, Delaune D Abstract The Ebola virus disease outbreak observed in West Africa from March 2014 to June 2016 has led to many fundamental and applied research works. Knowledge of this virus has substantially increased. Treatment of many patients in epidemic countries and a few imported cases in developed countries led to developing new diagnostic methods and to adapt laboratory organization and biosafety precautions to perform conventional biological analyses. Clinical and biological monitoring of patients infected with Ebola virus disease helped to determine severity criteria and ...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Increased computational resources have made individual based models popular for modelling epidemics. They have the advantage of incorporating heterogeneous features, including realistic population structures (...
Source: Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
The opioid epidemic in the United States is a critical public health issue. There were 33  091 deaths from opioid overdoses in 2015, which represents a nearly 400% increase since 1999. The role of prescription painkillers in this epidemic cannot be ignored. More than half of these deaths in 2015 involved prescription opioids, and the total amount of oxycodone hydrochloride and hydrocod one bitartrate sold to retail pharmacies has increased by nearly 300% from 2000 to 2016. In this issue ofJAMA Surgery, Chen and colleagues present a timely assessment of the association between inpatient opioid use and opioid prescriptions...
Source: JAMA Surgery - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractNear real-time epidemic forecasting approaches are needed to respond to the increasing number of infectious disease outbreaks. In this paper, we retrospectively assess the performance of simple phenomenological models that incorporate early sub-exponential growth dynamics to generate short-term forecasts of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in the UK. For this purpose, we employed the generalized-growth model (GGM) for pre-peak predictions and the generalized-Richards model (GRM) for post-peak predictions. The epidemic exhibits a growth-decelerating pattern as the relative growth rate declines inversely with...
Source: EcoHealth - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
AbstractGroup A rotaviruses (RVA) are one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis in young children worldwide. The introduction of universal mass vaccination around the world has contributed to a reduction in hospitalizations and outpatient visits associated with rotavirus infection. Continued surveillance of RVA strains is needed to determine long-term effects of vaccine introduction. In the present work, we carried out the analysis of the genotypic diversity of RVA strains isolated in Nizhny Novgorod (Russia) during the 2015 –2016 epidemic season. Also we conducted a comparative analysis of the amino acid sequence...
Source: Virus Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions MPOWER policies were effective in reducing cigarette smoking among adults. Parties should continue to implement MPOWER policies that have been recommended by the WHO FCTC to curb tobacco epidemic.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study applies demand system methods by combining expenditure survey data and sub-national price data to provide the first estimates of price and expenditure elasticities for categories of soft drinks that would be subject to South Africa's proposed sugary beverage tax. The results suggest that demand for these products is sufficiently price-elastic such that a significant reduction in consumption may result from a tax.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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