In San Diego, homeless woes result in deadly outbreak

San Diego is turning to tents to deal with a homeless crisis that has contributed to the worst hepatitis A outbreak in the United States in 20 years.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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While the overall incidence of hepatitis A has declined markedly since the introduction of a vaccine, sporadic cases and outbreaks of the disease continue to occur.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
A cook at Doino's Pizzeria Bar &Grille in Cheekatowga, New York, and four patrons who ate at the restaurant between August 20 and September 3 have tested positive for hepatitis A.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increase in the number of hepatitis A outbreaks in the United States. Although the presence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) RNA in blood donors is known to be low, HAV antibody prevalence in this population is unknown. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Samples from 5001 US blood donors collected primarily in the midwestern United States in 2015 were tested for the presence of HAV IgG antibodies using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassays on the ARCHITECT platform (Abbott Laboratories). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of IgG anti-HAV was 60%. Only one specimen was...
Source: Transfusion - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfusion Source Type: research
erth JL Abstract Between June-September 2018, 20 hepatitis A cases were notified in six counties in Sweden. Combined epidemiological and microbiological investigations identified imported frozen strawberries produced in Poland as the source of the outbreak. Sequence analysis confirmed the outbreak strain IB in the strawberries with 100 % identity and the respective batch was withdrawn. Sharing the sequence information internationally led to the identification of 14 additional cases in Austria, linked to strawberries from the same producer. PMID: 30326994 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
PMID: 30315018 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research
Since 1996, the incidence of hepatitis A (HAV) had been on the decline due to the development and use of the HAV vaccine. However, recent global outbreaks are occurring among men who have sex with men, illicit drug users, and the homeless. Much of the older population has not been vaccinated, and because of their age, they are more susceptible to complications from this virus. The medical community is challenged with preventing further outbreaks of this infection by promoting pre- and post-exposure immunization, implementing supportive care for those affected by HAV, and providing patient education that will decrease the s...
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Continuing Education Source Type: research
Increased economic interdependence, social integration, and other aspects of globalization are contributing to significant changes in hepatitis A epidemiology. Globally, the incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is decreasing, the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) is increasing, and the proportion of symptomatic cases is increasing as the average age at infection increases. In low-income countries, HAV remains endemic but improved water and sanitation systems are reducing transmission rates among young children. In high-income countries, most adults remain susceptible to HAV and foodborne outbreaks are...
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Enteric Hepatitis Viruses PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) – The Massachusetts Department of Public Health is reporting an increase in hepatitis A cases in the state. The department says there have been 65 total cases reported statewide since April, including 30 in Boston. The infected patients had been experiencing homelessness or substance use disorder, according to the department. One infected person has died. We are working with local health departments and providers to increase services and vaccination for an outbreak of #hepatitis A infection in people experiencing #homelessness and/or #substanceuse disorder. Read the press release:
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated Local Hepatitis A Local TV Source Type: news
A recent hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak in San Diego, California represents one of the largest HAV outbreaks in the United States. The County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency identified homelessness and illicit or injection drug use as risk factors for contracting HAV during this outbreak.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with federal, state, territorial, and local agencies in response to recent hurricanes. Clinicians assessing patients affected by Hurricane Florence should be vigilant in looking for certain infectious diseases, including leptospirosis, hepatitis A, vibriosis, and influenza. Background Hurricane Florence made landfall in Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, on September 14 causing widespread flooding. Natural hazards associated with the storms continue to affect many areas. Infectious disease outbreaks of diarrheal and respiratory illnesses c...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Patient Care News Source Type: news
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