In San Diego, homeless woes result in deadly outbreak
San Diego is turning to tents to deal with a homeless crisis that has contributed to the worst hepatitis A outbreak in the United States in 20 years.
Publication date: July 2018Source: Veterinary Microbiology, Volume 221Author(s): Ruihua Zhang, Junhao Chen, Jinqiang Zhang, Yupeng Yang, Pengfei Li, Jingjing Lan, Zhijing Xie, Shijin JiangAbstractGenerally, duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) only infects young ducklings. Since December 2016, severe outbreaks of duck viral infection with egg drop, feed consumption decline, and ovary-oviduct disease have occurred in some laying duck flocks in Shandong Province of China. DHAV-1 isolated from the affected ducks was confirmed as the causative pathogen of the egg drop. Compared with other DHAV-1 strains, the novel isolate ha...
r L Abstract From January to June 2018, two ongoing hepatitis A outbreaks affected travellers returning from Morocco and cases in Europe without travel history, resulting in 163 patients in eight European countries. Most interviewed travel-related cases were unaware of the hepatitis A risk in Morocco. Molecular analysis revealed two distinct hepatitis A virus (HAV) strains (subgenotype IA DK2018_231; subgenotype IB V18-16428). Vaccination recommendations should be emphasised to increase awareness among non-immune travellers to Morocco and HAV-endemic countries. PMID: 29991381 [PubMed - in process]
The hepatitis A outbreak in Louisville and other parts of Kentucky is now the worst in the country
In this study we used carefully validated methods to monitor enteric viruses, namely adenovirus (AdV), JC polyomavirus (JCV), noroviruses (NoVs), sapovirus (SaV) and hepatitis A and E viruses (HAV and HEV) from wastewater source to beaches and shellfish beds. Wastewater influent and effluent, surface water, sediment and shellfish samples were collected in the Conwy catchment (North Wales, UK) once a month for one year. High concentrations of AdV and JCV were found in the majority of samples, and no seasonal patterns were observed. No HAV and HEV were detected and no related illnesses were reported in the area during the pe...
CDC and state health departments are investigating hepatitis A outbreaks in multiple states among persons reporting drug use and/or homelessness and their contacts. This Health Alert Network (HAN) Advisory alerts public health departments, healthcare facilities, and programs providing services to affected populations about these outbreaks of hepatitis A infections and provides guidance to assist in identifying and preventing new infections.
Cases of the potentially deadly liver disease have nearly doubled as outbreaks spread nationwide.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis,Volume 25, Issue S2, Page 88-89, June 2018.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis,Volume 25, Issue S2, Page 32-33, June 2018.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis, EarlyView.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis,Volume 25, Issue S2, Page 175-176, June 2018.