Brucellosis: Patient History Is the Key Brucellosis: Patient History Is the Key

The symptoms are nonspecific, so patient history is critical to the identification of brucellosis.CDC Expert Commentary
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Commentary Source Type: news

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by Jennifer Mesureur, Sandrine Arend, B éatrice Cellière, Priscillia Courault, Pierre-Jean Cotte-Pattat, Heather Totty, Parampal Deol, Virginie Mick, Victoria Girard, Joanne Touchberry, Vanessa Burrowes, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, David O’Callaghan, Valérie Monnin, Anne KerielBrucella are highly infectious bacterial pathogens responsible for a severely debilitating zoonosis called brucellosis. Half of the human population worldwide is considered to live at risk of exposure, mostly in the poorest rural areas of the world. Prompt diagnosis of brucellosis is essential to prevent complications and to con...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to develop direct PCR methods, which enable the diagnosis of brucellosis agents from ruminant aborted fetus samples at species and genus levels, and determine the applicability of the newly developed methods. For this purpose, 137 lung, 137 liver, and 52 fetal stomach fluid samples belonging to 166 ruminant aborted fetuses (326 samples in total) were examined. Firstly, agent isolation and identification were performed and species-specific multiplex PCR (m-PCR) from the culture was applied to the samples. In addition, the Mayer-Scholl m-PCR method was modified and termed ‘modified Mayer-Scholl’,...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Cama BAV, Ceccarelli M, Venanzi Rullo E, Ferraiolo F, Paolucci IA, Maranto D, Mondello P, Lo Presti Costantino MR, Marano F, D'Andrea G, Di Marco V, Puglisi G, Valenzise M, D'Angelo G, Mondello L, Strano G, Condorelli F, Spicola D, Nunnari G, Pellicanò GF Abstract Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonoses in the world, especially in Southern Italy, where many cases are still recorded every year. 128 cases of brucellosis were observed in Messina (Sicily) in 2016, representing a tenfold increase in the number of cases of brucellosis expected. The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to...
Source: New Microbiologica - Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study, we collected the available publications regarding brucellosis control or eradication programs in different countries and areas, and summarized the main strategies and measures, supplementary measures, effects, and lessons learned during their implementation. Results showed that the freedom from animal brucellosis was only achieved in three countries among the 23 included countries and areas after the implementation of the programs, which had lasted several decades. Either alone or together, vaccination and test-and-slaughter programs can effectively reduce brucellosis prevalence. Supplementary measures invol...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Brucellosis remains one of the most common zoonotic diseases globally with more than a half million human cases reported annually. The Brucella reservoir associated with livestock brucellosis poses a significant threat to public health, and awareness of the seroprevalence and spatial distribution of livestock brucellosis is valuable for the prevention and control of diseases caused by Brucella, especially human brucellosis. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the seroprevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle in China. We retrieved 88 studies related to the seroprevale...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Infectious endocarditis (IE) is a serious disease that has continued to evolve in diagnostic and therapeutic terms. AIM: To analyze the diagnostic and out come profile. METHODS: We collected 57 (IE) cases with a definite diagnosis according to the modified Duke criteria. Patients were admitted consecutively to the Cardiology Department of the Oran university hospital from January 2011 to June 2017. Among the variables studied: clinical data, paraclinic data, therapeutic management and hospital outcome. RESULTS: The mean age was 40.5±15 years (extreme 16-67 years), with ...
Source: Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angeiologie - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) Source Type: research
ConclusionsTuberculosis is the most probable etiology for the lesions observed. This assessment is based on the morphology of the lesions in conjunction with the known confined living quarters at Ghazali and the presence of tuberculosis vectors (i.e. cattle) in the region.Contributions to knowledge/originality/valueThis brief communication contributes original data documenting the presence of tubercular lesions in a monk buried at the Christian Nubian monastery of Ghazali. On a broader level this study contributes to regional and temporal paleopathological dialogues regarding interactions with pathogens in Christian Nubian...
Source: International Journal of Paleopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
We describe a brucellosis outbreak involving 8 patients treated at a single hospital in the United States. Standardized precautionary microbiology processes and coordinated collaboration among hospital departments and local health departments assisted in optimally managing this disease at our institution.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this study, typhoid fever, typhus, brucellosis and malaria were observed among symptomatic individuals. The study also highlighted that brucellosis cases can be misdiagnosed as malaria or other disease based solely on clinical diagnosis. Therefore, efforts are needed to improve disease awareness and laboratory services for the diagnosis of brucellosis and other zoonotic diseases to identify other causes of febrile illness in this pastoral setting.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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