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Impingement Syndrome of the Shoulder.

CONCLUSION: Randomized controlled therapeutic trials are needed so that a standardized treatment regimen can be established. PMID: 29202926 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

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Authors: Mormina E, Granata F, Gaeta M, Longo M, Calamuneri A, Arrigo A, De Ponte F, Vinci SL, Catalfamo L, Nastro Siniscalchi E Abstract We evaluated, by means of a non-invasive procedure based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging, the masticatory muscular microstructure in a 55 year-old-female patient affected by bruxism. The patient underwent MR examination before and after one month of splint therapy, when she referred the complete disappearance of all symptoms. By means of Diffusion Tensor Imaging we observed changes at microstructural level of masticatory muscular complex. We conclude that DTI may be a useful instru...
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
Even when concussions are associated with prolonged physical and cognitive sequelae, concussions are typically “invisible” on diagnostic brain imaging, indicating that the neuropathology associated with concussion lies under the detection threshold of routine imaging. However, data from brain structural and functional research imaging studies using diffusion tensor imaging, restingā€state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and brain perfusion imaging indicate that these imaging sequences have a role in identifying concussionā€related neuropathology. These advanced imaging techniques provide insights into ...
Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic neuropathic pain disorder characterized by intense, lancinating attacks of facial pain. Increasing evidence suggests that TN is accompanied by abnormalities in brain morphology, white matter microstructure, and function. However, whether these abnormalities are linked or reflect independent etiologies remains unknown. Using multimodal magnetic resonance imaging data of 20 patients with TN and 21 healthy controls, we investigated cortical gyrification abnormalities, their relationships with abnormalities of the underlying white matter microstructure and gray matter morphology, as well ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Our objectives were to determine whether procedural pain and glucose exposure are associated with altered structural and functional brain development differently in preterm males and females, and neurodevelopment at 18-month corrected age. Fifty-one very preterm neonates (22 males; median [interquartile range] gestational age 27.6 [2.0] weeks) underwent 3 serial scans including T1-weighted and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at median postmenstrual weeks: 29.4, 31.9, and 41.1. Thalamus, basal ganglia, and total brain volumes were segmented. Functional resting-state MRI data were extracted from the...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionsMesalazine-induced myocarditis may be more common than first appreciated and is potentially fatal. Therefore, it is imperative that clinicians be aware of this potentially life-threatening adverse effect of mesalazine therapy and warn patients to seek urgent medical attention if cardiac symptoms arise.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We report the case of a 60-year-old female with endometrial cancer who presented with weeks of right cheek pain and numbness that was accompanied by headaches. We describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and surgical resection of a solitary endometrial metastasis involving the infratemporal fossa, middle fossa, cavernous sinus, trigeminal nerve, and nasal sinuses. Due to extensive nasal and lateral involvement, a combined open and endoscopic approach was planned. The patient was discharged home without complication. She underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. Despite its suspected indolent course, intracranial endom...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Tae Hoon Ro, Lance EdmondsJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2018 8(1):6-6Piriformis syndrome is an uncommon condition that causes significant pain in the posterior lower buttocks and leg due to entrapment of the sciatic nerve at the level of the piriformis muscle. In the typical anatomical presentation, the sciatic nerve exits directly ventral and inferior to the piriformis muscle and continues down the posterior leg. Several causes that have been linked to this condition include trauma, differences in leg length, hip arthroplasty, inflammation, neoplastic mass effect, and anatomic variations. A female presented with lef...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) causes severe unilateral facial pain. The etiology is hypothesized to be segmental demyelination of the trigeminal nerve root via compression by the superior cerebellar artery (SCA). Microvascular decompression (MVD) allows immediate and long-term pain relief. Preoperative evaluation includes MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and/or MRA (magnetic resonance angiography) of the brain. Having a pacemaker is a contraindication for MRI. There have been isolated reports of using computed tomography (CT) cisternography scans for radiation planning for TGN.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
This study aimed to further investigate whether these patients have abnormal brain activities and network connectivity. Sixty patients with CD and 40 healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) were used to assess differences in spontaneous regional brain activity and functional connectivity. Compared to the HCs, patients with CD showed significantly higher ALFF values in hippoc ampus and parahippocampus (HIPP/paraHIPP), anterior cingulate cortex, insula, superior frontal cortex a...
Source: Brain Imaging and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIsolated UAPA is a very rare malformation with a diverse clinical presentation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case of neonatal presentation of UAPA reported in literature to date. We believe that our case report supports the opinion that a prompt cardiological evaluation is needed whenever a newborn shows signs and/or symptoms of cardiorespiratory concern. Any missed neonatal diagnosis of UAPA may contribute to the later age at presentation, with resultant higher risk of morbidity and mortality and greater therapeutical difficulties.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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