Does it fit? – Impaired affordance perception after stroke

Publication date: 8 January 2018 Source:Neuropsychologia, Volume 108 Author(s): Jennifer Randerath, Lisa Finkel, Cheryl Shigaki, Joe Burris, Ashish Nanda, Peter Hwang, Scott H. Frey Affordance perception comprises the evaluation of whether our given bodily capabilities and properties of the environment allow particular actions. Typical impairments after left brain damage in motor cognition as well as after right brain damage in visuo-spatial abilities may affect the evaluation of whether interactions with objects are possible. Further it is unclear whether deficient motor function is accounted for when deciding upon action opportunities. For these purposes we developed a paradigm with two tasks that differ in their type of demands on affordance perception and tested it in healthy young adults (Randerath and Frey, 2016). Here, we applied one of these two tasks in stroke patients and age matched healthy participants. A sample of 34 stroke patients with either left (LBD) or right brain damage (RBD) and 29 healthy controls made decisions about whether their hands would fit through a defined horizontal aperture presented in various sizes, while they remained still. Data was analyzed using a detection theory approach and included criterion, perceptual sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy as dependent variables. In addition we applied modern voxel based lesion analyses to explore neural correlates. Compared to controls, both patient groups demonstrated lower perceptual sensitivity. ...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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