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Functional Activation-Informed Structural Changes during Stroke Recovery: A Longitudinal MRI Study.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that combining the stroke-induced functional reorganization and structural change provided new insights into the underlying innate plasticity process during stroke recovery. Significance: This study proposed a new approach to integrate functional and structural information for investigating the innate plasticity after stroke. PMID: 29204440 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

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SNOWY weather over the weekend has been followed by cold snap that could trigger an increase in the number of heart attacks and strokes, the NHS has warned.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Higher level of premorbid protein intake may be associated with favorable neurological outcomes independent of stroke severity. PMID: 29222905 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Falls are the most common and expensive medical complication following stroke. Hypermetric reflexes have been suggested to impact post-stroke balance but no study has evaluated reflex amplitudes under real conditions of falls in this population....
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Authors: Pryse-Phillips W, Yegappan MC Abstract Preview Regardless of cause, acute stroke is a devastating illness that demands immediate treatment to contain neurologic damage, plus long-term management to assure utmost rehabilitation. In this article, the authors describe the features of stroke from various causes and discuss current therapy. PMID: 29219708 [PubMed]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Jaigobin CS, Perry JR Abstract Preview Many patients with significant carotid artery stenosis are candidates for endarterectomy, a procedure now proved to reduce the incidence of future stroke and death. In this article, Drs Jaigobin and Perry describe an approach to patients with both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis and review current indications for surgical referral. They also emphasize the importance of recognizing and managing concurrent coronary artery disease. PMID: 29219707 [PubMed]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Chaturvedi S, Hachinski V Abstract Preview All transient ischemic attacks are not created equal. However, they are a medical emergency, and all patients should be hospitalized for urgent evaluation of their risk for stroke or myocardial infarction. For optimal management, it must be determined whether an ischemic attack affects the anterior or posterior circulation. In this article, the authors review current medical options for stroke prevention and the indications for carotid endarterectomy. PMID: 29219705 [PubMed]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Authors: Raffini L Abstract The evolution of devices for mechanical circulatory support (MCS), including ventricular assist devices (VADs) for patients with heart failure and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with acute cardiac or respiratory failure, has improved survival for subsets of critically ill children and adults. The devices are intricate and complex, allowing blood to bypass the heart or lungs (or both). As blood flows through these artificial devices, normal hemostasis is disrupted, coagulation is promoted, and in the absence of anticoagulation, a thrombus may form in the device, r...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Vichinsky E Abstract Sickle cell disease is now a chronic adult illness characterized by progressive multiorgan failure, particularly involving the brain and kidney. The etiology is multifactorial; it includes hemolysis and nitric oxide deficiency. As patients age, most experience neurologic insult. Twenty-five percent of older adults have had a clinical stroke and at least half of the population have had a silent infarct, cortical atrophy, and neurocognitive impairment. Periodic screening with neuroimaging and neurocognitive testing is recommended. Identification and correction of modifiable risk factors ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Willen SM, Gladwin MT Abstract Patient case: An 18-year-old male patient with homozygous hemoglobin SS disease was evaluated for progressive dyspnea and elevated tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) on echocardiography. The patient's case is described in detail in Lancet1 He had been treated with regular transfusions since childhood for stroke, had rare episodes of vaso-occlusive pain episodes, and did not take narcotic pain medications. He presented with progressive severe dyspnea on exertion and lower extremity edema. His laboratory tests were notable for a total hemoglobin level of 11.8 g/dL and hem...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Acute neuropathy after ketoacidosis is rare complication and its pathomechanism is not clear. Patients with DKA require careful monitoring of neurological functions even after normalization of glycemic parameters. PMID: 29217500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
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