Yosprala: A Fixed Dose Combination of Aspirin and Omeprazole
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Patients who survive a primary cerebrovascular or cardiovascular event are at increased risk of a subsequent occurrence. Antiplatelet therapy plays an essential role for secondary prevention in individuals with stroke, transient ischemic attack, acute or chronic artery disease, or peripheral arterial disease. Maintaining high-risk patients on low-dose aspirin therapy is a fundamental component of management. However, poor adherence, secondary to the drug’s gastrointestinal side effects, has been associated with negative cardiovascular outcomes. Numerous studies have indicated that proton-pump inhibitors significantly reduce the risk of upper gastrointestinal adverse events in aspirin-treated patients. The US Food and Drug Administration approved Yosprala (Aralez Pharmaceuticals), a fixed-dose combination of delayed-release aspirin and immediate-release omeprazole, on September 15, 2016. It is the first product to become available in the United States that combines these 2 pharmacologic drug classes, and represents a new therapeutic option for patients and healthcare providers who strive to improve adherence to daily aspirin therapy.
Endothelial cells of the central nervous system over-express surface proteins during neurological disorders, either as a cause, or a consequence, of the disease. Since the cerebral vasculature is easily accessible by large contrast-carrying particles, it constitutes a target of choice for molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this review, we highlight the most recent advances in molecular MRI of brain endothelial activation and focus on the development of micro-sized particles of iron oxide (MPIO) targeting adhesion molecules including intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (...
Conclusion: For the first time in vivo, enhancement of both GOLD metabolic imaging techniques has been demonstrated following intravenous O-PFC+hyperoxia to identify ischaemic penumbra. We have also presented preliminary evidence of the potential therapeutic benefit offered by O-PFC. These unique theranostic applications would enable treatment based on metabolic status of the brain tissue, independent of time from stroke onset, leading to increased uptake and safer use of currently available treatment options.
Conclusion: CCR2-dependent monocytes/macrophages are a double-edged sword; they worsen acute brain injury, but are essential for neurological recovery by promoting anti-inflammatory macrophage polarization.
Conclusions: NIR fluorescence-assisted method could potentially provide new opportunities to study BBB leakage just using small amount of EBD in different pathological conditions and to test the efficacy of various therapeutic strategies to protect the BBB. PMID: 29910674 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion Bail-out intracranial stenting after unsuccessful thrombectomy is technically feasible and the associated haemorrhagic risk seems acceptable in selected patients. We suggest that bail-out intracranial stenting, is safe and effective in selected patients with LVO stroke who failed to respond to thrombectomy.
Conclusions: Despite unique baseline characteristics, African-Americans treated with ET for large vessel occlusion strokes have similar outcomes as Caucasians. Greater availability of ET may diminish the ethnic/racial disparities in stroke outcomes.Intervent Neurol 2018;7:389 –398
TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 -- For adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute exacerbations are associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke, according to a study published online May 3 in the Annals of...
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, EarlyView.
PMID: 29913488 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractIntravenous alteplase given in an appropriate time window has been recommended in guidelines and effects are on the decline over time. In general, the clinical decision is primarily based on whether ischemic stroke patients are sent to hospitals within the time window. However, some patients sent to the hospital over time limitations are eligible to receive intervention for recanalization due to good collateral circulation. In this dilemma, “tissue window” can be more reliable, which means using the penumbra as a major criterion for patient recruitment. Hence, we herein aim to address how could “t...