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The Opioid Epidemic and Libraries-Challenges, Resources, and More

December 11, 2017 1:00-2:00pm ET.(American Library Association)
Source: HSR Information Central - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Yuan H, Li X, Wan G, Sun L, Zhu X, Che F, Yang Z Abstract Facing the challenge of effective prevention type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China (as part of global health) requires knowledge about both the temporal trend and risk factors variation in T2DM. We searched the PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG, and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) databases for data on the prevalence of T2DM/ IGT (impaired glucose tolerance) published from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2014 in China, Japan and Korea. The prevalence of T2DM was estimated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effects meta-analysis. T2DM prevalence ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
This study utilised an innovative approach to explore perceptions of why Malawians may engage in these relationships, and their suggestions for reducing the practice among a select population of radio listeners. Using radio listener feedback in the form of text messages, we analysed approximately 1 000 text messages sent by individuals who listened to a reality radio programme that included real stories, told by Malawians, on topics related to HIV/AIDS. Listeners suggested that lack of satisfaction with one's partner was the overarching reason why individuals had concurrent sexual partnerships. Within the context of lack o...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research
This study was aimed to demographically examine the C. burnetii seroprevalence in the people living in villages where Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is endemic, in terms of various risk factors such as tick bites, tick contact, and occupational groups. Methods: A total of 440 serum samples from those living in rural areas of Sivas and Tokat regions in Turkey were included in the study as a risk group; 387of them were serologically CCHFV positive (as confirmed in our previous research). Serums of the control group composed of 110 people living in urban areas. In all serum samples, IgG antibodies of C. bu...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Vector Borne Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Nanda N, Singh SP, Prajapati BK, Ranjan K, Kar NP, Sharma SK, Valecha N Abstract Background &objectives: Entomological investigations were carried out in highly malarious villages under Ujina PHC of District Nuh (Haryana state) which is an epidemic prone area in northwestern region of India. The study was aimed to have an in-depth understanding of the entomological parameters influencing malaria transmission in the study area. Methods: The seasonal prevalence and biological attributes of vector mosquitoes were investigated during 2015 and 2016. Indoor resting vector mosquitoes were collected from h...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Vector Borne Dis Source Type: research
AbstractPruposeTo examine current risk behavior, awareness, experience, and attitudes towards pre-exposure-prophylaxis (PrEP), and to estimate a potential impact on the prevention of HIV transmission among HIV-negative MSM in Germany. PrEP was not officially licensed at the time of survey.MethodsWeb-based questionnaire from 03 –06/2016. Potential participants were informed through social media, flyers, and advertisements. Risk contacts were defined as unprotected sexual intercourse under the influence of recreational drugs in the past 6 months.ResultsIn total, 1208 subjects participated, 342 subjects were exclud...
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2018 Source:Journal of Clinical Neuroscience Author(s): Kyle W. Mahoney, Meghan Romba, Philippe Gailloud, Izlem Izbudak, Deanna Saylor As the opioid epidemic continues, understanding manifestations of abuse, including heroin-associated myelopathy remains essential. Here we describe a young man with a past medical history significant for polysubstance abuse who developed acute-onset, rapidly progressive myelopathy after resumption of intravenous heroin use. He had significant spinal cord involvement with findings suggestive of heroin-associated myelopathy. The salient features...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewHypertension still represents a huge health problem, causing death and disability and rising at epidemic levels worldwide. The availability of a vast array of antihypertensive therapeutic strategies still fails to adequately treat significant fractions of refractory patients. The possible explanation to this disappointing evidence should be ascribed to the fact that myriad of mechanisms contribute to onset and maintenance of hypertension. Although we have been able to develop strategies aimed at counteracting the single mechanisms identified as master regulators of blood pressure, we still lack str...
Source: Current Hypertension Reports - Category: Primary Care Source Type: research
Authors: Mesquita JR, Almeida-Santos M, Fernandes M, Maltez F, Lino S, Alves L, Abreu-Silva J, Oliveira RMS, Curran MD, Nascimento MSJ Abstract Hepatitis E in industrialized countries is mainly associated with genotype 3 hepatitis E virus (HEV) and normally causes a sporadic self-limiting disease in immunocompetent individuals. Unlike genotype 3, genotypes 1 and 2 circulate in developing countries, produce severe disease and occur in the epidemic form. Hepatitis E occurring in travellers returning from endemic areas in developing countries is not a novel epidemiological occurrence, however the vast majority of case...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
The infection rate has begun to decline, but there are likely to be many deaths before the flu season finally ends.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Influenza Epidemics Vaccination and Immunization Centers for Disease Control and Prevention United States Source Type: news
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