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Study: Parents' reports of children's autism symptoms differ by race

(Georgia State University) Racial differences in parents' reports of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in black children, according to a study led by Georgia State University.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Condition:   Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: SENSE Theatre;   Behavioral: Tackling Teenage Together Sponsor:   Vanderbilt University Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionFindings revealed ratings of anxiety in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder facing surgery varied by reporter and setting, highlighting the importance of using multiple reporters in research of youth with autism spectrum disorder in the perioperative period. Furthermore, while results showed group differences in premedication patterns and induction compliance, groups did not differ in level of negative behavior change after surgery. Future research can examine how individual differences in youth with autism impact anxiety in the perioperative setting and degree of behavior change postprocedure.
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research
Please note the NIH Neuroscience Series lecture on Monday, December 11, 2017 at noon in the Porter Neuroscience Research Center, Room 620, Building 35, has been cancelled due to bad weather and flight cancellation. NIH Neuroscience Series Seminar The brain is one of the most fascinating and complex systems in the body. It controls sensory perceptions, emotions, and actions and makes it possible to form memories and learn highly specialized behaviors. Changes in the connectivity and function of neurons underlie disorders such as autism and schizophrenia, which pose significant challenges to today's society. The aim of Dr. S...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased markedly in the past two decades. Recent research indicates that children with ASD are at a substantially increased risk of injury mortality, particularly from unintentiona...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
This study is part of a larger systematic effort that will provide the basis to define ICF Core Sets for ASD, from which assessment tools can be generated for use in clinical practice, research, and health care policy making. Autism Res 2017. © 2017 The Authors Autism Research published by International Society for Autism Research and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Lay SummaryThe study findings support the need to understand the living experiences of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from a broader perspective, taking into account many areas of an individual's functioning and environment. The ICF can serve as f...
Source: Autism Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
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Source: Developmental Dynamics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia have an expansive array of reported genetic and environmental contributing factors. However, none of these factors alone can account for a substantial proportion of cases of either disorder. Instead, many gene‐by‐environment interactions are responsible for neurodevelopmental disturbances that lead to these disorders. The current experiment used heterozygous knock‐out mice to examine a potential interaction between two factors commonly linked to neurodevelopmental disorders and cognitive deficit: imbalanced excitatory/inhibitory...
Source: Genes, Brain and Behavior - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Data reveals just four in ten pregnant women have received the vaccine this year Related items fromOnMedica Flu during pregnancy not linked to child ’s autism risk Antenatal flu drugs not linked to newborn risks Last winter ’s flu vaccination ineffective for over 65s NHS winter plans centre on more flu jabs and A&E staff Parents urged to vaccinate children against flu
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
We describe our approach to highlight genes relevant to ASD using coalitional game theory on alteration data of 1,965 fully sequenced genomes from 756 multiplex families. Alterations were encoded into binary matrices for ASD (case) and unaffected (control) samples, indicating likely gene-disrupting, inherited mutations in altered genes. To determine individual gene contributions given an ASD phenotype, a "player" metric, referred to as the Shapley value, was calculated for each gene in the case and control cohorts. Sixty seven genes were found to have significantly elevated player scores and likely represent sign...
Source: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: Pac Symp Biocomput Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study suggest that these SNPs are not predictors of childhood ASD in the Chinese Han population. The discrepant results suggest the predictor roles of SNPs have to be determined in different ethnic populations due to genetic heterogeneity of ASD. PMID: 29216786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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