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Study: Parents' reports of children's autism symptoms differ by race

(Georgia State University) Racial differences in parents' reports of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in black children, according to a study led by Georgia State University.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Iovino M, Messana T, De Pergola G, Iovino E, Dicuonzo F, Guastamacchia E, Giagulli VA, Triggiani V Abstract Although the neurohypophyseal hormones vasopressin and oxytocin are mostly known for their role respectively in antiduresis the former and in labour, lactation and maternal behavior the latter, both might exert widespread influences either on emotion and cognition in healthy subjects, showing some gender-related differences. They interact one each other facilitating shifts between positive socially- oriented and defensive states. In fact, vasopressin amplifies the reactivity to stressors showing also...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 July 2018 Source:Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 128 Author(s): Kojo Mintah, Shelley E. Parlow Despite a strong potential for healthy sexual relationships, high functioning individuals with an autism spectrum disorder often struggle with the appropriateness of their courtship behaviours. Using Leslie's (1992) theory of mind (ToM) theory of autism, we investigated two mediators of the association between autistic traits and inappropriate courtship in a non-clinical sample: (1) ToM, and (2) a bias to perceive ambiguous social cues as flirting. University students (N = 195) completed an...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractAccess to necessary supports and services is extremely important for the wellbeing and, ultimately, quality of life (QOL) of family caregivers. By understanding patterns of health service utilization, we can better tailor current services to meet caregivers ’ needs. Framed by Andersen’s Behavioral Model, predisposing, enabling and need factors associated with service utilization, and their relation to QOL, were examined in a cross-sectional sample of 156 Australian caregivers of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Particip ants completed an online survey to assess services acce...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
This study assessed the predictive and discriminative value of adolescent- and parent-rated SDQ scores for psychiatric disorders, diagnosed by professionals in outpatient community clinics, in a sample of 2753 Dutch adolescents aged 12 –17. Per disorder, the predictive accuracy of the SDQ scale that is contentwise related to that particular disorder and the SDQ impact scale was assessed. That is, 24 logistic regression analyses were performed, for each combination of DSM-IV diagnosis [4: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct/Oppositional Defiant Disorder (CD/ODD), Anxiety/Mood disorder, Autism Spec...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Privately held IDx is developing an artificial intelligence-based system that could help with the diagnosis diabetic retinopathy – a disease that leads to blindness if undetected. The company met its endpoints in a pivotal trial of the IDx-DR system. The trial involved 900 diabetes patients at 10 sites. The study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the technology in detecting moderate to severe diabetic retinopathy, including macular edema. The results of the pivotal trial met the study hypotheses that were developed in consultation with FDA and demonstrated the IDx-DR system exceeded these performanc...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Digital Health Medical Device Business Source Type: news
Jeremy Hunt, the U.K.’s health &social care secretary, this week ordered a National Health System safety audit of the use of plastic mesh implants to treat vaginal prolapse and female urinary incontinence. Hunt said the review of vaginal mesh and two other products – the Primodos hormone-based pregnancy test and the anti-epilepsy drugsodium valproate – were prompted by “serious concerns … raised by patients and their families.” Some of those complaints about vaginal mesh included calls for the products to be banned in the U.K. The health secretary said he asked NHS chief medical off...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Regulatory/Compliance Women's Health Patient Safety Source Type: news
Acontroversial study recently published inJAMA Pediatrics has posed possible but largely unfounded links between autism and ultrasound technique and frequency. According to researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, there is a possible correlation between depth of ultrasound penetration during the first and second trimesters and autism. The researchers evaluated sonograms of 420 children, 107 with autism, 104 with developmental delay, and 209 with typical development. They looked at the frequency of ultrasound scans and penetration depth amongst the three groups. They found that mothers of children with au...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
(Natural News) More than ever, the American population is plagued by debilitating health problems like, Lyme’s disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, autism, cancer and dementia – that were virtually unheard of just a few generations ago. Why? Some say it’s genetics; some say it’s environmental pollution; while others say it’s due to the current (ever-growing) vaccine...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: 15 March 2018 Source:Neuroscience, Volume 374 Author(s): Ceymi Doenyas Recent evidence implicates immune alterations and gut microbiota dysbiosis in at least some subpopulations of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Immune and gut alterations in ASD have mostly been studied separately, and the reviews and theoretical models up to now have mainly considered the immune system as one of the routes for gut-brain communication. We take a different perspective and consider possible common mechanisms of action for the gut microbiota and inflammation on the neural basis of ASD. We propose these to ...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Source: Autism Research - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research
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