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The effect of 16  weeks gymnastic training on social skills and neuropsychiatric functions of autistic children

AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 16  weeks of gymnastic exercises on motor and neuropsychological skills of children with autism. The statistical population consisted of autistic children in a charity center in Karaj. Thirty autistic children 8‒12 years of age, who were eligible to be included in the study, were randomly selected and assigned to two test and control groups. To evaluate motor development, the short form of Bruininks–Oseretsky test and to evaluate neuropsychological characteristics, Conners scales were used. The test group carried out gymnastic exercises for 16 weeks (three sessions a week, with each sessio n lasting for 45 min); the control group subjects were engaged in their daily activities during the period. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the two groups. There was a significant difference in the total motor skill scores between the two groups (P   0.05). On the other hand, all the neuropsychological characteristics improved except for language performance. It can be concluded from the results of the present study that gymnastic exercises might have an effective role in improving motor and neuropsychological skills of children with autism.
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions Anodal tDCS to the rTPJ may represent an effective treatment for improving social functioning in ASD, with a larger clinical trial needed to validate this effect.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
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Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conditions:   Autism Spectrum Disorder;   Other Neurodevelopmental Disorder Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Play.Care Sponsors:   University of Strathclyde;   Harimata;   University of Glasgow;   University of Aberdeen;   Göteborg University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ABSTRACT Social impairment is one of the major symptoms in multiple psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Accumulated studies indicate a crucial role for the gut microbiota in social development, but these mechanisms remain unclear. This review focuses on two strategies adopted to elucidate the complicated relationship between gut bacteria and host social behavior. In a top‐down approach, researchers have attempted to correlate behavioral abnormalities with altered gut microbial profiles in rodent models of ASD, including BTBR mice, maternal immune activation (MIA), maternal valproic acid (VPA)...
Source: Journal of Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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Source: Child: Care, Health and Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2018 Source:Evaluation and Program Planning Author(s): Hannah Krutt, Lindsay Dyer, Ayesha Arora, Jennifer Rollman, Amanda C. Jozkowski The purpose of this small-scale pilot study, was to assess the feasibility of PhotoVoice as a participatory method of program evaluation for the Hussman Center for Adults with Autism (HCAA), a community-based center in greater Baltimore, MD. PhotoVoice is a data collection method that uses photography to give informants, in this case three adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the opportunity to voice their opinions, concerns, and ideas ...
Source: Evaluation and Program Planning - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2018 Source:Research in Developmental Disabilities Author(s): Leslie Neely, Elaina Garcia, Brooke Bankston, Andrew Green Background Functional communication training (FCT) is considered an evidence-based practice for treating problem behavior in individuals with developmental disabilities (e.g. autism, intellectual disabilities, down syndrome, etc.). However, there is little known on how to sustain behavioral change following FCT interventions. This systematic and quality review synthesizes the current literature base evaluating the maintenance and generalization of behaviora...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Social media posts have claimed a Harvard study blamed Peppa Pig for autism. Experts have now refuted the claims, saying no such study exists.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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