The effect of 16  weeks gymnastic training on social skills and neuropsychiatric functions of autistic children

AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 16  weeks of gymnastic exercises on motor and neuropsychological skills of children with autism. The statistical population consisted of autistic children in a charity center in Karaj. Thirty autistic children 8‒12 years of age, who were eligible to be included in the study, were randomly selected and assigned to two test and control groups. To evaluate motor development, the short form of Bruininks–Oseretsky test and to evaluate neuropsychological characteristics, Conners scales were used. The test group carried out gymnastic exercises for 16 weeks (three sessions a week, with each sessio n lasting for 45 min); the control group subjects were engaged in their daily activities during the period. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the two groups. There was a significant difference in the total motor skill scores between the two groups (P   0.05). On the other hand, all the neuropsychological characteristics improved except for language performance. It can be concluded from the results of the present study that gymnastic exercises might have an effective role in improving motor and neuropsychological skills of children with autism.
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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