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Independent assessment of source position for gynecological applicator in high-dose-rate brachytherapy.

Conclusions: In HDR brachytherapy, an effectiveness of independent source position assessment could be demonstrated. The 95% confidence limit was 2.1 mm for a tandem-ovoids applicator. PMID: 29204169 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research

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Condition:   Breast Cancer Female Interventions:   Device: Balloon Brachytherapy;   Radiation: 3D Conformal External Beam Irradiation Sponsor:   Sentara Norfolk General Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
International brachytherapy consortiums are advocating for the incorporation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) into the cervical brachytherapy process as a standard-of-care. Although some evaluations have been performed to quantify the effect on procedural time, little is known about the views and experiences of key stakeholders during the transition from CT to MR-guided brachytherapy. This qualitative research project explored insights from key stakeholders related to a change in the gynaecological brachytherapy process.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
To communicate the progressive integration of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to the daily workflow for gynecological cancer patients receiving high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy at our institution.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
We report late toxicity of a prospective Phase I/II trial employing an MRI assisted focal boost integrated with HDR brachytherapy alone for treatment of low and intermediate risk prostate cancer.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: 2018 RTi3 Abstracts Source Type: research
CORR Insights®: Does an Algorithmic Approach to Using Brachytherapy and External Beam Radiation Result in Good Function, Local Control Rates, and Low Morbidity in Patients With Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcoma? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2018 Mar;476(3):645-647 Authors: Healey JH PMID: 29443851 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this single-institution study, an algorithmic approach to using HDR-BT and EBRT in the treatment of patients with high-grade soft tissue sarcomas can yield acceptable complication rates, good morbidity outcome scores, and a high degree of local control. Based on these results, we believe HDR-BT is best for patients with an anticipated close margin, a positive surgical margin, and for patients who are unlikely to receive a complex soft tissue procedure. Conversely, if a secondary procedure and/or soft tissue coverage are likely to be used, EBRT alone may be reasonable. Finally, combination therapy might be c...
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
Authors: Skowronek J Abstract Cancer incidence and mortality depend on a number of factors, including age, socio-economic status and geographical location, and its prevalence is growing around the world. Most of cancer treatments include external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy. Brachytherapy, a type of radiotherapy with energy from radionuclides inserted directly into the tumor, is increasingly used in cancer treatment. For cervical and skin cancers, it has become a standard therapy for more than 100 years as well as an important part of the treatment guidelines for other malignancies, including head and neck, ...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Authors: Giannelli F, Chiola I, Belgioia L, Garelli S, Pastorino A, Marcenaro M, Mammoliti S, Costantini S, Bizzarri N, Vellone V, Barra S, Corvò R Abstract Hidradenocarcinoma (HC) is a very rare disease. This case report illustrates a successful treatment of a 60-year-old woman with vulvo-vaginal localization of hidradenocarcinoma treated with external beam radiotherapy delivered by helical tomotherapy with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB), followed by brachytherapy. External beam radiotherapy dose prescription was 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions, five fractions per week to whole pelvis (planning target volume...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
This study evaluated the change in dose to the target by comparing the dose between the actual interstitial brachytherapy plan (AIBP, what is deliverable due to anatomic constraints), and the virtual interstitial brachytherapy plan (VIBP, pretreatment-modified dose distribution). Material and methods: AIBPs and VIBPs were designed for 20 lung tumors. The VIBP was designed with uniform spacing between needles, regardless of the presence of ribs. The prescription dose was 30 Gy. The percentage of normal ipsilateral lung volume that received a dose ≥ 5 Gy (V5), conformity index (COIN), incremental dose percentage (IDP)...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Conclusions: HDR brachytherapy could be a good option of treatment for these types of lesions, especially in elderly patients, or when cosmetic results are not good after surgery. Brachytherapy with the Valencia applicator, using hypofractionated regimen provides excellent results in terms of cosmetic and local control, and furthermore, facilitates treatment compliance, which is very relevant in elderly patients. HDR brachytherapy offers a simple, safe, quick, and attractive non-surgical treatment option. PMID: 29441101 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
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