Independent assessment of source position for gynecological applicator in high-dose-rate brachytherapy.

Conclusions: In HDR brachytherapy, an effectiveness of independent source position assessment could be demonstrated. The 95% confidence limit was 2.1 mm for a tandem-ovoids applicator. PMID: 29204169 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Human Papillomavirus-Related Carcinoma;   Human Papillomavirus-Related Cervical Carcinoma;   Stage IB2 Cervical Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage II Cervical Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage II Vaginal Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIA Cervical Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIA Vaginal Cancer  AJCC v8;   Stage IIA1 Cervical Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIA2 Cervical Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIB&...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: September 2018Source: European Urology, Volume 74, Issue 3Author(s): Judith Bosschieter, André N. Vis, Henk G. van der Poel, Luc M. Moonen, Simon Horenblas, Bas W.G. van Rhijn, Bradley R. Pieters, Jakko A. Nieuwenhuijzen, Kees HendricksenAbstractBackgroundRobot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) implantation of brachytherapy catheters (BTCs) can be a minimally invasive alternative to open retropubic implantation. Descriptions of the surgical technique and outcomes are sparse.ObjectiveTo describe our technique and perioperative outcomes for RAL BTC implantation in urothelial carcinoma (UC) and urachal carc...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions The PLS agreement was sensitive to the 90Y lung background correction ROI, potentially explaining a previously published controversy. The mean activity and absorbed dose agreement for the metastatic lesions was poorer than the healthy liver volumes studied here.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: This small, prospective case series suggests that, in the short term, HDR brachytherapy is safe and well tolerated in IBD patients. Therefore, IBD should not automatically disqualify patients from, at least, HDR brachytherapy. The reason why these results differ from previous LDR studies possibly reflects the benefit of inverse planning, which more readily achieves rectal dose constraints in HDR brachytherapy. PMID: 30099986 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) Source Type: research
ConclusionsBBC represents a complex challenge for doctors, because in some cases there is a tendency to use more aggressive treatments and, at the same time, it is not easy to achieve the timing for the correct treatment.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTreatment with EBRT or IB does not appear to impair sexual function in women with gynecologic cancer. Age less than 50, concurrent chemotherapy, and cervical cancer may place women with gynecologic cancer at higher risk for decreased sexual function following radiation.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 23, Issue 5Author(s): Sara Imboden, Laura Knabben, Michael D. Mueller, Andreas R. Günthert, Kristina LösslAbstractAn 81-year-old patient developed an exulcerous tumor in her left breast 21 years after breast cancer treatment with lumpectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy. At the time of the initial treatment 21 years ago, whole breast irradiation was performed with a prescribed dose of 48 Gy and a maximal dose of 69 Gy. In addition, the patient received a 14.7 Gy boost with multicatheter brachytherapy as...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We quantified the agreement between the measured and provided anisotropy factors for a new Xoft Axxent 0-degree titanium tandem. Radiochromic film response at low kV energy was also investigated. Our results showed that vendor-supplied TG-43 values were appropriate for clinical use at majority of the angles. A rigorous quality assurance method for new electronic brachytherapy sources and applicators, along with complete knowledge of all dosimetric measuring tools, should be implemented for all parts of the verification and commissioning process. PMID: 30105891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2018Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &RadiotherapyAuthor(s): Albert Biete, Gabriela OsesAbstractLocally advanced uterine cervical cancer continues to present a high number of pelvic relapses. Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) allows a precise therapeutic intensification in the surgical area in cases in which removal of the tumour recurrence is feasible. At the same time, IORT excludes the radiosensitive organs from the field of irradiation. While the first gynecological IORT took place in 1905, procedures have been limited over the years and the series are retrosp...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present a case of a female patient diagnosed with an unresectable iCCA treated with SIRT in order to obtain downstaging. Explorative laparoscopy three months later showed multiple peritoneal lesions in the left upper quadrant, mimicking peritoneal metastases. Anatomopathological investigation showed a foreign body granuloma surrounding the SIRT resin particles. These findings have important consequences, as the presence of peritoneal metastases implies a palliative situation. Anatomopathological confirmation of any intra-abdominal lesion mimicking peritoneal metastases should be carried out. PMID: 30092710 [PubMed -...
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
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