A public health outbreak management framework applied to surges in opioid overdoses.

A public health outbreak management framework applied to surges in opioid overdoses. J Opioid Manag. 2017 Sep/Oct;13(5):273-281 Authors: Moore K, Boulet M, Lew J, Papadomanolakis-Pakis N Abstract Over the past decade, Canada and the United States have been facing an epidemic of harms from prescription opioids. More recently, opioid-naïve individuals have been exposed to illicit opioids through adulterated combination products. This has resulted in sudden surges of opioid-related mortality. A proactive public health solution is needed to prevent further death. We propose examining these surges in opioid overdoses as outbreaks and investigating them in a similar way to an outbreak of an infectious disease. An epidemiologic investigation model for opioid overdose outbreaks, that could be modified by other public health agencies, is discussed. PMID: 29199393 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research

Related Links:

Alexander Gettler Once again, last year’s outstanding examples of long-form journalism dealing with topics related to medical toxicology were dominated by coverage of the opioid crisis, its origins and the resulting carnage. The must-read article of the year was “The Family That Built a Empire of Pain,” Patrick Radden Keefe’s massive history of the Sacklers, one of America’s richest clans, much of whose wealth comes from their ownership of Purdue Pharma and the marketing and distribution of Oxycontin. The article, which appeared in the New Yorker, notes that the clan’s patriarch, Ar...
Source: The Poison Review - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Medical 2017 Alexander awards opioids Purdue Pharma Sackler Source Type: news
Erika Hurt had become the face of drug addiction. The young mother was captured in a photograph by police, passed out in the driver's seat of her car outside a Dollar General store in Hope, Ind. — an empty syringe still resting between the 25-year-old addict's fingers. The snapshot captured yet another horrifying moment in the […]Related:How the government can fight the opioid epidemic under a public health emergencyPat yourself on the back, America. Your cholesterol levels are holding steady, CDC says.Rise in mumps outbreaks prompts U.S. panel to endorse 3rd vaccine dose
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
According to the president, 175 people will die of overdoses today, and every day, until the epidemic is curbed. Related:Rise in mumps outbreaks prompts U.S. panel to endorse 3rd vaccine doseExpert panel recommends new shingles vaccine that gives increased protectionFDA’s Gottlieb calls for greater use of medication-assisted treatment to fight opioid epidemic
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Details the increased rates of Hepatitis C and how they correlate to the opioid epidemic by looking at West Virginia, which has the highest rates of overdose deaths and new hepatitis B and C infections in the country. Because those infected with hepatitis often do not display symptoms immediately, the disease can go untreated for years, leading eventually to end-stage liver disease. This is one among many diseases that are rising in the midst of the opioid epidemic, and although there is a treatment for it, for many it is not affordable. (May require subscription to view full article.)
Source: News stories via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: news
Have you ever thought that it would be possible to monitor drug overdoses, Zika cases or the spread of the flu in real time? Have you ever imagined that satellites wouldbe able to tell how and where a malaria epidemic will happen months before the actual outbreak? It is mind-blowing how, in the last years, digital maps developed to a level where they serve as effective tools for evaluating, monitoring and even predicting health events. That’s why I decided to give a comprehensive overview of digital maps in healthcare. John Snow, cholera and the revolution of maps in healthcare Before Game of Thrones monopolized Joh...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Healthcare Design Mobile Health digital health digital technology epidemics epidemiology gc4 Innovation interactive maps Source Type: blogs
Abstract Ohio is experiencing unprecedented loss of life caused by unintentional drug overdoses (1), with illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) emerging as a significant threat to public health (2,3). IMF is structurally similar to pharmaceutical fentanyl, but is produced in clandestine laboratories and includes fentanyl analogs that display wide variability in potency (2); variations in chemical composition of these drugs make detection more difficult. During 2010-2015, unintentional drug overdose deaths in Ohio increased 98%, from 1,544 to 3,050.* In Montgomery County (county seat: Dayton), one of the epicenters...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
West Virginia has the highest drug overdose fatality and hepatitis rates in the U.S., which makes them particularly vulnerable to outbreaks of HIV, especially because local health systems in rural areas may not have the ability to address an outbreak. Led by West Virginia University, the Rural West Virginia Responds to Opioid Injection Epidemics: From Data to Action project is developing an integrated prevention, harm reduction, and treatment team to rapidly identify and mitigate small HIV "microepidemics" in eight southern West Virginia counties.
Source: News stories via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: news
On September 8, 1854, acting on the advice of Dr. John Snow, London municipal authorities removed the pump handle from the Broad Street well in an effort to halt a major outbreak of cholera. Although an anesthesiologist by profession, Snow had methodically mapped the homes of new cases of cholera. He found that many clustered around the Broad Street pump. Snow’s findings, still regarded as a classic example of epidemiology, established the principle: “that the most important information to have about any communicable disease is its mode of communication.” Dr. Snow did not establish the biologic mechanism ...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Featured Public Health Quality Department of Veterans Affairs military health care Opioid Addiction opioid epidemic Source Type: blogs
Late last year, the Associated Press combined reporting with the Center for Public Integrity to roll out a multi-part series on the $880 million spent on lobbying and political contributions by the opioid industry in a decade long effort to stymie efforts to control these powerful drugs. Reporters reviewed of hundreds of documents brought to light in a recent court case and interviewed over 200 officials, experts, and advocates to understand how the opioid epidemic unfolded. The series had its genesis when the AP’s Matthew Perrone tripped across a group called the Pain Care Forum. Led by the top lobbyist for Purdue P...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — In statehouses across the country, lawmakers with loved ones who fell victim to drugs are leading the fight against the nation's deadly opioid-abuse crisis, drawing on tragic personal experience to attack the problem. A Minnesota state senator whose daughter died of a heroin overdose in a Burger King parking lot — a friend hid the needles instead of calling for help — spearheaded a law that grants immunity to 911 callers. In Wisconsin, a state representative has introduced more than a dozen opioid-related bills in the years since his daughter went from painkillers to heroin to pr...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: News Patient Care Source Type: news
More News: Addiction | Canada Health | Epidemics | Epidemiology | Infectious Diseases | International Medicine & Public Health | Outbreaks | Overdose | USA Health