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Pain signal-jamming device may be an opioid alternative

Medical devices for chronic pain treatment are becoming small, smarter, and lasting longer, meaning they may soon be viable alternatives to addictive prescription opioid painkillers.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Tapentadol, a Schedule II opioid with a combination of µ-opioid activity and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition, is used for the management of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. Its dual-mechanism of action is thought to reduce opioid-related side...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
(Florida Atlantic University) In a novel study, researchers are assessing clinical and genetic characteristics of a large patient cohort suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain and receiving prescription opioids. With this information, the multidisciplinary team will derive a clinical and genetic profile of prescription opioid-use disorder and use this knowledge to develop an 'addiction risk score.' Findings from this study will be key in identifying those who are at low-risk from those who are at high-risk of prescription opioid-use disorder.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Approximately 64  000 people died from drug overdose deaths in 2016, and many of these deaths involved opioids. Opioid prescribing decisions are a major contributor to the ongoing opioid crises in America. Prescription opioids are by far the most commonly misused opioids, and 88% of people misusing prescription op ioids obtained these medications from 1 physician (35%) or from a friend or relative (53%). The duration of opioid use following surgery may be a critical determinant to the development of chronic opioid use, which is then associated with an increased risk of patient harm, including the development of misuse, abuse, and addiction.
Source: JAMA Surgery - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
For every adult who struggles with addiction, there are many affected by its destruction. Family, co-workers, and friends are among those who become witnesses to the downward spiral of self-destructive behavior. Attempts to fix a friend or loved one experiencing addiction become increasingly frustrating as the chaos becomes a part of daily life. When you are affected by someone else’s drinking or drug use, it is important to remember that even though you cannot prevent what’s happening to them, you can regain your sanity by practicing detachment. What is detachment? Detachment is when you let other people exper...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Alcoholism Family Habits Holiday Coping Recovery Substance Abuse Coping Skills Detachment Source Type: blogs
On December 5, 2017, the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies held a hearing to discuss the opioid epidemic and the possible role that Congress could play in the prevention, treatment, and recovery. Senator Roy Blunt, the Subcommittee Chairman, opened the hearing by discussing the fact that overdose related deaths outnumber the deaths at the peak of the AIDS/HIV epidemic. Overdose deaths have also overtaken automobile accident fatalities to become the number one cause of accidental death in the United States. Senator Blunt also spoke about the three propos...
Source: Policy and Medicine - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Majeed MH, Ali AA, Sudak DM Abstract Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a mul...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Conclusion Therefore, POLITICO and the stakeholders made a policy recommendation focused on educating providers. They suggest that education on both pain management and addiction has to start in medical school. However, early education is not enough unless it is supplemented by CME. The medical field should continue the progress it has made increasing education around proper prescribing, but it should increase its efforts by evaluating doctors in some meaningful way such as on licensing exams or through CME.       Related StoriesACCME Introduces Guidance for CME Providers in Europe and Asi...
Source: Policy and Medicine - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThis study presents clinical expert consensus on how to manage concerning behaviors among patients on LTOT. Future research is needed to investigate how implementing these management strategies would impact patient outcomes, practice and policy.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this narrative review is to consider the roles of all substances that contribute to the opioid epidemic in America. PMID: 29190175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
This article offers a brief critical review of integrative medical therapies used to treat chronic pain, including nutritional supplements, yoga, relaxation, tai chi, massage, spinal manipulation, and acupuncture. The goal of this article is to identify those treatments that show evidence of efficacy and to identify gaps in the literature where additional studies and controlled trials are needed. An electronic search of the databases of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Science Citation Index Expanded was conducted. Overall, weak positive evidence was found for yoga, relaxation, tai chi, massage, and mani...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
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