Arboviruses and their related infections in China: A comprehensive field and laboratory investigation over the last 3 decades
Summary Since the 1980s, a comprehensive field and laboratory investigation has been conducted throughout China, and a total of 29 virus species belonging to 7 families and 13 genera were identified through virological, morphological, and immunological methods, as well as whole‐genome sequencing and molecular genetic analyses. Most of the virus isolates belong to 9 genera in the families Flaviviridae, Bunyaviridae, Togaviridae, and Reoviridae. Among them, 4 genera (Orthobunyavirus, Bunyavirus, Phlebovirus, and Nairovirus) belong to the family Bunyaviridae and 3 genera (Seadonavirus, Orbivirus, and Cypovirus) belong to the family Reoviridae. Analyses of the relationships between viruses and human/animal diseases indicated that Japanese encephalitis virus, dengue virus, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, tick‐borne encephalitis virus, Crimean‐Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, West Nile virus, and Tahyna virus can cause human and animal infections and disease epidemics in China. This review systematically introduces the current status of the diversity and geographical distribution of arboviruses and vectors in China. In addition, our results provide strong technical support for the prevention and control of arboviral diseases, the treatment of epidemics, and the early warning and prediction of diseases, and so they are significant for the control and prevention of arboviral diseases in Asia and around the world.
CONCLUSION: In half of the patients, secondary causes were identified. After IHP, the DHP emerged as second common cause in post monsoon season. SG had significantly lower serum potassium, recurrent attack and more time to improve. PMID: 29468618 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: TPO-RAs are effective and safe agents for the treatment of chronic ITP in pediatric patients. Eltrombopag appears to be better than romiplostim in terms of the rate of rescue medication needed and clinically significant bleeding events. PMID: 29467954 [PubMed]
Authors: Yuan H, Li X, Wan G, Sun L, Zhu X, Che F, Yang Z Abstract Facing the challenge of effective prevention type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China (as part of global health) requires knowledge about both the temporal trend and risk factors variation in T2DM. We searched the PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG, and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) databases for data on the prevalence of T2DM/ IGT (impaired glucose tolerance) published from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2014 in China, Japan and Korea. The prevalence of T2DM was estimated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effects meta-analysis. T2DM prevalence ...
This study utilised an innovative approach to explore perceptions of why Malawians may engage in these relationships, and their suggestions for reducing the practice among a select population of radio listeners. Using radio listener feedback in the form of text messages, we analysed approximately 1 000 text messages sent by individuals who listened to a reality radio programme that included real stories, told by Malawians, on topics related to HIV/AIDS. Listeners suggested that lack of satisfaction with one's partner was the overarching reason why individuals had concurrent sexual partnerships. Within the context of lack o...
Conclusions: This study provides, for the first time, a reference interval for IPF using a Sysmex XN-2000 in a Spanish population, ranging from 1.6 to 9.6%. These data are needed to evaluate platelet production in several conditions such as thrombocytopenia, inflammatory states and cardiovascular diseases, as well as for future research. PMID: 29472803 [PubMed - in process]
Prolonged Zika virus viremia in a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome in Trinidad and Tobago. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018 Feb 19;41:e136 Authors: Gonzalez-Escobar G, Valadere AM, Adams R, Polson-Edwards K, Hinds AQJ, Misir A, Hospedales CJ Abstract An emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus, Zika virus (ZIKV) is a significant public health concern because of the syndromes associated with the infection. In addition, ZIKV is considered a major problem due to large-scale spread of the disease and the possible clinical complications for the central nervous system, especially Guillain-Barré synd...
CONCLUSION: Zika virus has the potential to be transmitted in Argentina throughout the current geographic range of the mosquito vector. Although the transmission would be mainly seasonal, the possibility of winter transmission cannot be excluded in northern and central Argentina, meaning that there is a potential endemic maintenance of the disease. PMID: 29466517 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: We conclude that public health would benefit from: health institutions implementing formal knowledge management strategies; academic health sciences institutions incorporating formal digital literacy programs; and having health workers who are professionally responsible and functional in the information society. PMID: 29466516 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Kim M, Kim MJ, Suh YS, Kim HO, Lee SI, Cheon YH PMID: 29465358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Kar PK, Haq S, Gupta A PMID: 29460871 [PubMed - in process]