FDA seeks new ways to unhook smokers

If your New Year ’s resolution is to quit smoking, good luck: It’s one of the most difficult goals to achieve. In fact, only 15 percent of people who try to quit smoking are successful six months later.  But the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced plans to help increase that success rate by advocat ing for new nicotine-replacement therapies to help smokers end their addiction. The announcement came as tobacco producers last week began running mandatory ads outlining the negative…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Athavale AS, Bentley JP, Banahan BF, McCaffrey DJ, Pace PF, Vorhies DW Abstract OBJECTIVES: To develop a self-reported measure for medication adherence and compare its ability to predict proportion of days covered (PDC) with contemporary scales. METHODS: Retrospective prescription fill data from three community pharmacies in the Southeastern US were assessed to identify patients that are 18 years of age or older, and have received at least one medication for diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. A cross-sectional survey containing the Medication adherence Estimation and Differentiation Scale (MEDS),...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
In conclusion, with potentially greater patient preference and a lower potential for parentera l buprenorphine abuse than reference buprenorphine/naloxone, buprenorphine/naloxone expands the treatment options available for adults and adolescent (aged >  15 years) patients with opioid dependence.
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
London Councils - Gambling is often described as a “hidden addiction” and it is now recognised as a complex public health issue that impacts individuals, families, and communities. This guidance outlines the areas in which public health can add value and support local gambling policies.Guidance Summary
Source: Health Management Specialist Library - Category: UK Health Authors: Tags: Local authorities, public health and health inequalities Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2018Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Bingping Zhou, Wei Wang, Wei Zhang, Ye Li, Jia NieAbstractStudies of Internet addiction (IA) under the cognitive-behavioral framework have suggested that IA derived from the excessive expectation of positive outcomes, which was a goal-directed behavioral progress. However, according to the dual-system account under the framework of associative learning theory, IA should be considered as a transition process from goal-directed to habit-based. It can be explained in terms of aberrant learning processes, where Internet addicts appar...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Fentanyl is a big culprit, but there are also encouraging signs from states that have prioritized public health campaigns and addiction treatment.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Opioids and Opiates Fentanyl Deaths (Fatalities) Drug Abuse and Traffic Medicine and Health Heroin Source Type: news
(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the psychiatry world
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news
Fentanyl is a big culprit, but there are also encouraging signs from states that have prioritized public health campaigns and addiction treatment.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Opioids and Opiates Fentanyl Deaths (Fatalities) Drug Abuse and Traffic Medicine and Health Heroin Source Type: news
In the last post we discussed some of the misconceptions about tapering off opioids.  Today we will discuss a couple basic principles, and then describe the approach I recommend for my patients tapering off buprenorphine. Opioids act at receptors that normally bind endorphins, which are released by neurons in response to a range of stimuli including trauma and rewarding behaviors such as eating a good meal or using addictive drugs.  Endorphin pathways elevate mood, reduce sensation of pain, and impact urine production, immune function, intestinal motility, and other bodily functions.  Endorphin pathways have...
Source: Suboxone Talk Zone - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Buprenorphine pharmacology receptor actions Suboxone Withdrawal opioid tolerance stopping suboxone suboxone detox Suboxone taper tapering off buprenorphine Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2018Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Christina N. Nona, Christian S. Hendershot, Anh Dzung LêAbstractAlcohol use disorder (AUD) is an increasingly prevalent disorder that contributes significantly to the global burden of disease. According to the incentive sensitization theory (IST) of addiction, repeated alcohol exposure produces persistent neuroadaptations that promote the craving, relapse, and drug-taking characteristic of addiction. Critical to the IST model is the prediction that stimulant or hedonic drug effects become more pronounced with rep...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
If you take a moment to reflect, you will notice that almost 99% of the things that “bother” you are either in the past or the imagined future. Virtually none of them are in the here and now. That’s because that which is in the here and now is available to us to interact with, encounter, know, and influence. We usually have a great sense of control about things — even problems — as long as we feel we can see and wrestle with them. Things in the past or the future aren’t available to us to wrestle with in a concrete way … they are ambiguous, and therefore we are left either making ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Agitation Anxiety and Panic Habits Happiness Mindfulness Self-Help Ambiguity Fear Of The Unknown Present Moment regret Resentment Rumination Worry Source Type: blogs
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