Study examines brain activity and anxiety symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder

(Wiley) The error-related negativity (ERN) is a brain signal response to errors that is thought to reflect threat sensitivity and has been implicated in anxiety disorders in individuals without autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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AbstractBackgroundGene mutations within the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade result in Noonan syndrome (NS), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and related disorders. Recent research has documented an increased risk for social difficulties and features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children with these conditions. Despite this emerging evidence, the neuropsychological characteristics associated with social skills deficits are not well understood, particularly for children with NS.MethodsParents of children with NS (n = 39), NF1 (n = 39), and unaffected siblings (n = 32) between the...
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
When we hear the word tantrum, we picture a 2-year-old lying on the floor kicking and screaming. Very rarely do we use it to describe an adult having an outburst. In reality, adults can have this kind of outburst at any moment in time. We don’t typically refer to an adult as having a tantrum. We refer to them as being angry or “just blowing off some steam.” However, when their behavior becomes cyclical, predictive, or problematic the impact of their behavior should be assessed and addressed. Tantrums typically follow an action made by another person that results in the recipient feeling angry, disappoint...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Agitation Anger Communication Violence and Aggression Anger Management Emotional Dysregulation Rage Tantrums Source Type: blogs
NIH Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series Adverse conditions during development, including stress in early life or the presence of a neurodevelopmental disorder, can set the stage for enduring behavioral impairments that last a lifetime. While it would be ideal to prevent or reverse such occurrences during the developmental period, in the absence of these options, approaches designed to modify residual plasticity in the adult brain may help to optimize function and mitigate problematic behaviors. Using rodent models of early life stress-induced anxiety and hyperactivity, as well as those of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Dr....
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
Discussion 22q11.2 deletion sequence (22q11) is the most common micro-deletion syndrome. Most deletions are de novo. It affects ~1 in 2000-4000 live births. As it is autosomal, it affects males and females equally. Childhood mortality is low and often associated with congenital heart defects. Its phenotypic expression is highly variable. Some of the most common medical problems are: Congenital heart defects especially conotruncal abnormalities Palatal problems especially velopharyngeal incompetence and/or cleft lip/palate Immunodeficiency especially T-cell lymphopenia, but also abnormalities of IgG production, autoimmu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusions Within this pilot study, written disclosure appeared beneficial to caregiver psychophysiological stress. However, due to the provision of substantial participant adherence support, we refrain from suggesting feasibility. Nonetheless, improvement of mental health pathology in parents of children with ASD is both significant and timely.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
“I had this knot in my stomach constantly, and a void inside my head,” says Michael Braithwaite, as he remembers the days and weeks following the news that he had lost his job and even faced deportation from a country in which he’d lived almost his entire life. “To think that maybe tomorrow I would not be with my family, or in a place I love, was devastating. I used to have bad nightmares. They were always very vivid. I’d be stuck in some unknown place, it was never the same, waking up not knowing what was going to happen. “I had to hold onto my soul, my spirit, me as a person. I just ha...
Source: UNISON Health care news - Category: UK Health Authors: Tags: Article Magazine education immigration immigration bill 2015 Windrush Source Type: news
One in sixty-eight children are affected by autism spectrum disorders (ASD). ASD is a neurological developmental disability that can negatively impact the person's communication, social interactions, and is manifested by repetitive behaviors (Baker&Jeste, 2015; National Autism Association, 2014). Over three-quarters of children with ASD have some sort of developmental disorders such as language disorders and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (Levy et al., 2010), in addition to co-morbid psychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders, and oppositional defiant disorders (Close, Lee, Kaufman...
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Source: The ASHA Leader Online - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractThe effects of brief mindfulness induction on a central trait of autism spectrum disorder (over-selective attention) were examined in order to assess whether different mechanisms act in those with lower and higher levels of autism traits, and determine which intervention may be most appropriate for individuals with different sets of symptoms. Two hundred and 24volunteer participants (110 male; 114 female) were assessed for levels of autism traits (autism quotient; AQ), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales), and mindful awareness (Toronto Mindfulness Scale). They were randomly assigned to m...
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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