Incidence of Diabetic Retinopathy Between T1DM and T2DM Incidence of Diabetic Retinopathy Between T1DM and T2DM

A new study found a greater incidence of diabetic retinopathy among type 1 diabetics than in those with type 2, highlighting the importance of regular screening in these patients.The British Journal of Ophthalmology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ophthalmology Journal Article Source Type: news

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ConclusionsCopeptin does not correlate with markers of IR in type 1 diabetes but strongly correlates in non-type 1 diabetes. Thus, elevated vasopressin activity and IR appear to be independent risk factors for vascular complications in type 1 diabetes.RésuméObjectifsLa copeptine, un marqueur de substitution de la vasopressine, est élevée chez les individus présentant une insulino-résistance (IR) et un diabète de type 2. Alors que les adultes atteints de diabète de type 1 présentent également des concentrations élevées de copeptine et une IR...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe favoured advanced technology, selected by 49.7% (n=97/195) of participants, was the wristband. Statistical significance was seen between the type of diabetes and the device selected; patients with type 1 diabetes preferred contact lenses (p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Diabetes affects approximately 16 % of all pregnancies worldwide. This includes gestational diabetes (GDM) and also pregnant women with known or previously undiagnosed type 1 or type 2 diabetes [1]. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is associated with serious complications for both mother and child such as an increased incidence of preeclampsia, caesarean section, premature delivery, macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, fetal malformations, fetal loss, as well as neonatal and maternal mortality [1]. An estimated 55% global increase in cases of diabetes in pregnancy by 2035 is anticipated [2].
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
The incidence of pediatric obesity continues to increase worldwide and is a well-recognized public health crisis.1 Obesity is strongly associated with type 2 diabetes, but historically not with type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, autoimmune diabetes does not provide protection against the modern obesogenic environment, and in fact, aspects of T1D management, including treatment of hypoglycemia and dietary counseling, may contribute to unwanted weight gain.2
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Editorials Source Type: research
Abstract Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in the Adult, LADA has been investigated less than "classical" type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the criteria for and the relevance of a LADA diagnosis has been challenged. Despite the absence of a genetic background that is exclusive for LADA this form of diabetes displays phenotypic characteristics that distinguishes it from other forms of diabetes. LADA is heterogeneous in terms of the impact of autoimmunity and life style factors, something that poses problems as to therapy and follow-up perhaps particularly in those with marginal positivity. Yet, there appears to be ...
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in the Adult, LADA has been investigated less than "classical" type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the criteria for and the relevance of a LADA diagnosis has been challenged. Despite the absence of a genetic background that is exclusive for LADA this form of diabetes displays phenotypic characteristics that distinguishes it from other forms of diabetes. LADA is heterogeneous in terms of the impact of autoimmunity and life style factors, something that poses problems as to therapy and follow-up perhaps particularly in those with marginal positivity. Yet, there appears to be ...
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions from randomized treatment studies do so far not indicate an optimal treatment strategy in LADA. This review aims to give an overview of current practices for the medical treatment of LADA as well as an update on results from recent studies on the treatment of the disease. PMID: 30009709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review summarizes the literature on care and outcome disparities in young adults (YA) with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and outlines remaining needs and suggestions to reduce disparities and improve care.Recent FindingsDespite well-documented disparities and data from large national and international diabetes populations, the role that social determinants of health play in disease management is largely unstudied. Further, mechanisms of how these risk factors interact with the unique developmental needs of racial-ethnic minority and economically vulnerable young adults with diabetes remain unkno...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Pancreas transplantation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) candidates remains disproportionately lower than in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM); however, outcomes in carefully selected patients mirrors that of T1DM. Despite the 2014 United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) eligibility criteria for simultaneous pancreas/kidney transplant (SPK) transplantation in T2DM patients, an expected increase in the number of transplants was not observed. Recent findings In an updated International Pancreas and Transplant Registry (IPTR) analysis, 1514 primary deceased donor pancreas transplants were performed in ...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Surgery Tags: PANCREAS TRANSPLANTATION: Edited by Peter Abrams Source Type: research
Purpose of review We provide an overview of recent publications that extend clinically relevant knowledge relating to metformin's effects on lipids and atherosclerotic vascular disease and/or provide insights into the drug's mechanisms of action on the heart and vasculature. Recent findings We focus on original research in humans or in human tissues. Several recently completed randomized clinical trials have reported effects of metformin on surrogate measures of atherosclerotic vascular disease, including carotid–intima media thickness, vascular reactivity and calcification in people with Type 1 (T1D) and Type 2...
Source: Current Opinion in Lipidology - Category: Lipidology Tags: HYPERLIPIDAEMIA AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: Edited by Paul N. Durrington Source Type: research
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