The MNI forms promising Open Science partnership with Takeda

(McGill University) A unique industry-academia partnership will increase the rate at which promising drug compounds can be tested as potential treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a disease with no known cure that affects 200,000 people worldwide.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe present work is the first in vivo FDG-PET study showing the heterogeneous patterns of brain regional hypo- and hypermetabolism in single patients sharing C9orf72 mutation. Brain hypometabolism was consistent with the clinical phenotypes, supporting the diagnostic importance of neuroimaging functional biomarkers to capture at single-subject level specific brain dysfunction.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Nilo Riva, Gabriele Mora, Gianni Sorarù, Christian Lunetta, Ottavia E Ferraro, Yuri Falzone, Letizia Leocani, Raffaella Fazio, Mauro Comola, Giancarlo Comi, Fabio Formaglio, Paolo Rossi, Marta Clerici, Yuri Matteo Falzone, Laura Pozzi, Daniele Martinelli, Federica Cerri, Ignazio Diego Lopez, Filippo Martinelli-Boneschi, Angelo QuattriniSummaryBackgroundSpasticity is a major determinant of disability and decline in quality of life in patients with motor neuron disease. Cannabinoids have been approved for symptomatic treatment of...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim SJ, Park YC, Baek YH, Seo BK Abstract Wilting disorder is an abnormal condition characterized by weakness and paralysis of the upper and lower extremities. Pathogenesis and treatment target of the disorder are unclear; hence, allopathic treatment is generally used to relieve the symptoms. To investigate the treatment mechanism and effect of Traditional Korean Medicine (TKM) in patients with wilting disorder, we reviewed in vivo studies that focused on the effect of TKM on the main symptoms of wilting disorder and treatment of the diseases that can cause these symptoms. We electronically searched the Pu...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the monitoring value of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the disease progression of ALS. Methods: From September 2015 to March 2017, ten patients diagnosed with ALS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital completed head MRI scans at baseline and during follow-up. Multimodal MRI analyses, including gray matter (GM) volume measured by voxel-based morphometry; cerebral blood flow (CBF) evaluated by arterial spin labeling; functional connectivity, including low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) and regional homogeneity (ReHo), measured by resting-state functional MRI; and integrity o...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
To assess the feasibility of using automated capture of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) data to build predictive models for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) outcomes.
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study found no evidence that mercury exposure from eating seafood, or from mercury dental fillings, was associated with the risk of developing ALS. Therefore, if mercury does play a role in the pathogenesis of ALS, other sources of exposure to mercury in the environment or workplace need to be considered. Alternatively, a susceptibility to mercury toxicity in ALS, such as genetic or epigenetic variations, multiple toxic metal interactions, or selenium deficiency, may be present.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Human pluripotent stem cells hold great promise for improving regenerative medicine. However, a risk for tumor formation and difficulties in generating large amounts of subtype derivatives remain the major obstacles for clinical applications of stem cells. Here, we discovered that zinc finger E-box–binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) is highly expressed upon differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into neuronal precursors. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ZEB1 depletion did not impede neural fate commitment, but prevented hESC-derived neural precursors from differentiating into neurons, indicating that ZEB1 is required for n...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Martins AP, Prado LGR, Lillo P, Mioshi E, Teixeira AL, de Souza LC Abstract OBJECTIVE:: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with prominent motor symptoms. Patients with ALS may also manifest frontal behavior symptoms and cognitive decline, including impairment in facial emotion recognition. The authors aimed to investigate whether deficits in emotion recognition were associated with frontal behavior symptoms in ALS. METHODS:: Participants were patients with probable or definite sporadic ALS (N=21; male:female ratio, 11:10; median age, 62 years; median disease duration, 3 ...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A literature search found 22 cases through PubMed and Ovid, with key words "amyotrophic lateral sclerosis" and "pregnancy." Both slow progression and rapid progression of ALS during pregnancy have been reported. Worsening of symptoms seems to be common, but little is still known about the influence of pregnancy on ALS onset and progression. PMID: 30528837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Yuishin Izumi, Ryosuke Miyamoto, Koji Fujita, Yuki Yamamoto, Hirotsugu Yamada, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Yuki Unai, Ai Tsukamoto, Naoko Takamatsu, Hiroyuki Nodera, Shinya Hayashi, Masaya Oda, Atsuko Mori, Yoshihiko Nishida, Shunsuke Watanabe, Hirohisa Ogawa, Hisanori Uehara, Shigeo Murayama, Masataka Sata, Ryuji Kaji
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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